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30 Projects, page 1 of 3

  • Canada
  • French National Research Agency (ANR)

10
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  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-18-EBI4-0005
    Funder Contribution: 299,454 EUR
    Partners: Lancaster University, Uni Research, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Université Montpellier, UBC, VUA, James Cook University, ETH Zurich, Stockholm University, Arizona State University, Institut de recherche pour le développement...
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-21-MYBL-0002
    Funder Contribution: 330,344 EUR
    Partners: UBC, ECOLE DECONOMIE DE PARIS, Institute for fiscal studies, Stockholm University

    The main research objective is to document how inequalities in ageing – such as those between the rich and the poor and those between men and women – have changed across successive birth cohorts, and how public policies aiming to strengthen the fiscal sustainability ofwelfare systems have counteracted or accentuated these trends. This project will rely on data and reforms carried out in five countries encompassing North America, Western Europe and Scandinavia and carefully chosen to ensure a wide span of institutional arrangements in areas such as labour markets, social security and private pensions: Canada, France, Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom. First, we will document recent trends in life-expectancy and healthy ageing inequality. Our overall objective is to bring about a more complete and multi-faceted picture of recent trends in ageing inequalities across countries from North America and Europe. For France and Sweden, we will use administrative data to combine information on income, occupation, residence and death records and construct detailed measures of mortality inequalities, and assess how these have changed across recent cohorts. We will then carry out a cross-country analysis of the income-mortality gradient using recent estimates for Canada, Germany, the UK, and the US. The objective is to exploit crosscountry differences to dig deeper into the factors which could explain variations in inequalities of life expectancy. Using survey data on health at older ages in Europe, and specific surveys for France and Sweden, we will estimate inequalities of healthy ageing by gender and socio-economic background. We will provide estimates of how inequalities of disability-free life-expectancy are changing over time. Using Canadian data, we will estimate how the use of long-term care varies by socio-demographic factors. Second, we go beyond describing trends in inequalities by looking at the effects that current policies have on redistributive trends. More precisely, we will analyse how pension reforms have contributed to reduce, or increase, these inequalities in ageing, using cases from France, Sweden and the UK. Combining estimates on the income-mortality gradient with careful estimation and simulation of the impact of pension systems, we will estimate redistributive patterns of public old-age provision, and analyse how pension reforms have altered this redistribution. We will distinguish between static analyses and analyses that do allow for behavioural responses, notably changes to retirement patterns. In particular, we will elicit how strategies to extend career length counteract or aggravate inequalities. In addition to public pension reforms, we will consider reforms to private pension provision in Sweden and in the UK, through estimating the distributional impact of auto-enrolment of most employees into workplace pensions (UK) and occupational pension schemes (Sweden). Third, we will study whether, and how, the looming increase in care needs generates additional inequalities for those giving care and for people in need of care. Recent research has highlighted how care needs, formal care take-up and informal care provision are largely influenced by socio-economic background. We will contribute to this body of research by analysing how reforms impact inequalities in care responsibilities in Canada and Germany. In addition, we will analyse how the gender gap in informal care – elderly care is overwhelmingly provided by women – is related to gender inequalities in the labour market and the system of pension provision using European data. Moreover, we will use data from Canada and Germany to estimate models of long-term care use explicitly considering inequalities in socioeconomic background. Finally, we will exploit reforms to the pension and long-term care systems in Germany to assess how likely they are to impact inequalities in informal care provision.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-10-BLAN-1820
    Funder Contribution: 238,400 EUR
    Partners: INSTITUT GUSTAVE ROUSSY, University of Montreal, CONSERVATOIRE NATIONAL DES ARTS ET METIERS (CNAM), ASSOCIATION GROUPE ESSEC

    Background _x000D_ _x000D_ Different countries have launched national reporting programs on hospitals based on quality and safety measurements. Beyond technical definitions, a key-issue is to ensure that an effective improvement is ensured due to the implementation of these measurements. However, the hypothesis that an indicator spontaneously induces such an improvement is not so clear. During the implementation phase can be considered a relation between the indicator, the hospital‘s organisation of work, and the actors who composed it. On this relation depends the real use of the indicator, and consequently its impact in terms of improvement. This project addresses this issue of the use of quality and safety measurements. _x000D_ _x000D_ Objectives _x000D_ _x000D_ The objectives are twofold: _x000D_ 1. Analysis of the indicator as a pertinent assessment system for improving quality _x000D_ 2. Analysis of the indicators‘ roles. The objective is to understand how the relation between quality and safety measurements, sensemaking given by professionals, and the organisation of work generates different roles. _x000D_ _x000D_ Methods _x000D_ _x000D_ The field of analysis is based on a French national program of indicators, Compaqh, which tests 43 indicators on a hospital panel (n= 44 à 100, depending on the topic). The methodology is qualitative, comprehensive, and comparative with a Canadian initiative. The research team is composed of representatives of two disciplinary fields: management science and psychology of work. The duration of the research is three years. Two types of seminars are considered: empirical (follow-up of the data collection process) and contributory (data analysis). _x000D_ _x000D_ Expected Results _x000D_ _x000D_ This project can produce a new knowledge on the relation between quality and safety measurements, sensemaking and organisation of work. It can also help to understand how measurements can construct an adequate representation of the organisation of work. Based on the results, operational recommendations could be developed in order to: - Identify quality and safety topics that can be assessed through measurement - Consider appropriate actions of quality improvement - Optimise the design of Quality and Safety indicators as well as the implantation phase

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-13-PRGE-0011
    Funder Contribution: 605,563 EUR
    Partners: Institut des Materiaux Jean Rouxel, University of Montreal, Moltech Anjou, Centre Inter universitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux

    This project addresses the point 4.2 of the call for proposal, dedicated to electrochemical capacitors (ECs) so called supercapacitors or ultracapacitors. This point mentions that : « A major effort of research must focus on improving the energy density, including implementation of new organic electrolytes to increase the electrochemical window and security. Asymmetric or hybrid systems are other avenues to explore.”.Our goal is to double the energy density of nowadays symmetrical carbon ECs, i.e from 5 to 10 Wh/kg or 7 to 15 Wh/L. Unlike most of todays research efforts which aim at replacing carbon by other materials (oxides, nitrides, etc...), thus leading to drastic changes in fabrication process, we propose to keep the carbon electrode and simply add electroactive molecules that will be anchored at the surface of carbon, thus adding a faradic component to the double layer capacitance of carbon. This concept is not new since it has been developed for more than 5 years by the partners of this consortium as well as by other teams. However, most of the work has been done in aqueous based electrolytes. The Technology Readiness Level (TRL) is at stage 2 (Invention begins, practical applications can be invented, applications are speculative). Our goal is to apply the current knowledge to the development of devices in organic based electrolytes, and to push TRL level to stage 4 (Basic technological components are integrated to establish that they will work together), being able at the end of the project to give prototype cells to companies for initiating stage 5 of TRL (Component validation in relevant environment). Subsequently the present project is dedicated to technological developments._x000D_ We want to improve the energy density of carbon-based devices in organic electrolyte by two fold. This will be achieved by keeping the same cell voltage (or slightly increasing it), almost the same double layer capacitance (EDLC) of carbon electrodes but providing an extra Faradaic capacity (and not capacitance since it is purely Faradaic) to both carbon electrodes by functionalizing the surface of carbon with judiciously chosen electroactive molecules. This concept has been successfully applied to aqueous based electrolyte using quinone based functionalized carbons. _x000D_ The choice of the electroactive molecules (multi-electron processes are preferred to single electron process, low molecular weight is needed, adequate active electrochemical window…), the choice of the carbon (large surface area, adequate porosity not too much affected by molecular grafting on the surface, etc…), the interaction between the molecules and carbon powder (high grafting yield, etc..) and finally the behavior of modified carbon electrodes in different organic (or ionic liquid) based electrolytes are the key points that control the final performance of the modified carbon electrodes. These requirements correspond to the 5 tasks of the project._x000D_ Doubling the energy density must be achieved while keeping high power capability and long term cycling efficiency which are the bottlenecks of the proposed technology._x000D_ For this purpose, a consortium gathering 4 academic laboratories (including a Canadian partner) has been set up. The 4 labs have been working together for more than 12 years with more than 30 common papers and communications and already 5 common PhD and post-docs. The consortium will take benefit from the belonging of the French labs to the French Network on Energy Storage (RS2E - http://www.energie-rs2e.com/fr) to get access to prototyping facilities to lead the concept to 1000F cells._x000D_

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-20-NEUR-0002
    Funder Contribution: 559,800 EUR
    Partners: Ghent University, UBC, INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA SANTE ET DE LA RECHERCHE MEDICALE - DELEGATION REGIONALE GRAND OUEST
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-19-FQSM-0004
    Funder Contribution: 308,238 EUR
    Partners: Université du Québec en Outaouais / Crifpe, Centre pour la biodiversité marine, lexploitation et la conservation, INRAE Centre Occitanie - Montpellier, University of Montreal, Centre dEconomie de lEnvironnement, Polytechnique Montréal

    Estuarine and coastal ecosystems are essential for human activities, as they provide a wide variety of ecosystem services (ES). However, they are subject to increasing anthropogenic pressures incurred by coastal development, marine traffic, overexploitation of aquatic resources and diversification of tourism and recreational use. Accounting for these human-ecosystems interactions in land planning projects, in a comprehensive, holistic and integrated way, is still a challenge in decision-making. The “Cost to coast” research project aims at filling in the existing gaps in this integration and providing the missing elements that prevent the sustainable development of coastal/estuary territories, by using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology and tools. “Cost to coast” project is divided into four inter-related research activities that will allow reaching four objectives. First, it aims at proposing a harmonized conceptual framework for the consistent assessment of ES at a territorial scale throughout a life cycle perspective. Second, it will develop a methodology to identify the “basket” of ES relevant to estuarine and coastal areas, which are shared by different stakeholders at a territorial scale (e.g. maritime freight and port activities, fishing, recreational-tourism, high value conservation area), by applying the conceptual framework initially developed. Third, it will create a new set of indicators to be applied in quantitative life cycle impact assessment methods (e.g. readily available to LCA practitioners for use within IMPACT World+), in order to quantify the potential loss/gain of aquatic ES (i.e. from coastal and sea use), in compliance with the conceptual framework developed. Finally, this project aims at applying the developed methodologies and set of indicators to characterize the human impacts on ES. The operationalization will be conducted on two case studies, i.e. the Thau lagoon, on the Mediterranean Sea coast, in France; and the St. Lawrence estuary, in Quebec (Canada) with a specific focus on the Lac Saint-Pierre. These two territories have different sets of ES, though the direct provision of resources with the presence of aquaculture, fishing and shellfish farming activities; as well as indirectly, through cultural services, such as those linked with recreation and cultural activities. The project is scheduled for 3 years and it combines the expertise of six different research teams from Québec and France, as an evidence of its multi- and inter-disciplinary character. The researchers and graduate students are involved in various fields of research and development, such as LCA (system analysis, impact assessment methodology development, LCA operationalization), ES quantification and valuation, marine ecology and biology, geography and economics. The project will deliver high qualification staff (4 PhD, 1 Postdoc and 3 MSc students), scientific papers and communications. Lastly, the “Cost to coast” project pays attention to serving and better informing the decision-making process. For that, tools, documentation, and other project deliverables will be made available to territorial stakeholders and to the lay public, in simple wording and, at the same time, to the LCA community (i.e., practitioners and researchers) in order to ease and sustain its use.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-21-MRS2-0014
    Funder Contribution: 29,000 EUR
    Partners: Commission nationale du débat public, Agence de consulting Future Impacts, Association Chôros, University of Montreal, CENTRE DE RECHERCHE INTERDISCIPLINAIRE EN SCIENCES DE LA SOCIÉTÉ, Brussels Academy, Tallinn University of Technology - Department of Technology and Governance, Università degli Studi di Bergamo, University of Lisbon - Institute of Social Sciences

    The EgID (Interactive Democracy for a European Governance) project aims at observing and enriching the relation between European Governance and interactive democracy. EgID is a project of fundamental research designed to analyse interactive-democracy existing processes to understand if, without changing current treaties, they could be an instrument for constructing a European citizenship. In particular, the objective is to create an Observatory of Interactive Democracy in Europe. Ongoing and future initiatives will be observed in real time and theoretical tools for analyzing new kinds of initiatives will be proposed. Therefore, the project is focused both on Europe and democracy. Regarding Europe, it places itself in the perspective of an evolution of Europe towards a complete political society. Regarding democracy, the project focuses on different forms and expressions of interactive democracy. The fundamental research will be completed by an action research. The latter will carry out several mechanisms of simulation and experimentation in order to better understand how to progress in the field of interactive democracy, which is still not completely formalized. It is planned to design and activate different kinds of citizens’ assemblies in a series of European cities to create good conditions for EU citizens to discuss together European citizenship issues. The assemblies will be focused on three temporal levels concerning politics and public policies: the present, the next future, and multiple possible futures. The point is to set up pragmatic strategic foresight tools, giving the floor to ordinary citizens and let them freely invent and “inhabit’ possible futures. EgID project has been conceived to apply to the Horizon Europe call for application CL2-2022-DEMOCRACY-01-02: The future of democracy and civic participation. The project will be run by an international and interdisciplinary network of professional and researchers in social sciences. This network includes scholars and experts working on interactive democracy and European issues, especially on the organisation of citizens’ assemblies and the observation of participatory dynamics at different levels. In their theoretical work and professional practice, all the members of the network pay particular attention to spatial dynamics, which is a leading thread of the project. The research network that has been built up for the egID project presents the following key points: - Multi-scalar approaches to governance issues (from the local to the global levels). - Diversity and complementarity of analysis methods: qualitative and quantitative methods (discourse analysis, analysis of perceptions and beliefs, analysis of societal complex issues, digital space analysis). - New, experimental approaches (serious games, innovating cartography, arts/sciences hybridisation). - Deep knowledge of interactive democracy processes both institutionalised and emerging. - Combination of fundamental and operational research.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-20-COV7-0007
    Funder Contribution: 149,593 EUR
    Partners: Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales, University of Lausanne, Laboratoire Aménagement Economie Transports, Laboratoire Ville Mobilité Transport, GOUVERNANCE, RISQUE, ENVIRONNEMENT, DÉVELOPPEMENT. DYNAMIQUES SOCIÉTALES ET GESTION DES TERRITOIRES, University of Montreal, ESPACES ET SOCIETES, THEORISER ET MODELISER POUR AMENAGER - UMR 6049

    Among other consequences, the Covid-19 crisis has prompted the public authorities to rethink the use of public space, particularly roads, in order to develop means of transport that are both efficient and adapted to the health context. Fearing a desertion of public transport and a massive shift towards the automobile, the leaders and technical managers of Europe, North America and South America have turned to active modes, including the bicycle that appeared as a vehicle adapted to ensure minimum physical social distance. The objective of the VÉLOTACTIQUE project is to collect data that will provide practitioners and researchers with the first elements of knowledge on the implementation and reception of tactical cycling town planning in the context of the health crisis, as well as its contribution to energy transition. VÉLOTACTIQUE is based on a comparative study carried out in France, in the metropolises of Besançon, Grenoble, Montpellier, Lyon, Paris, Rennes, Saint-Étienne, in Switzerland, in Lausanne and Geneva and in the Americas, in particular in Montreal and Bogotá. To do this, VÉLOTACTIQUE is based on an exploratory and comparative approach and intend to collect data over 12 months on policies, their developments, their reception with users and the changes observed in practices. The work program of VÉLOTACTIQUE is structured around 4 tasks, allowing the different sites and the different partners to be associated each time. In addition to the task dedicated to project management, the link with partner urban communities and the promotion of results (T1), the project revolves around 3 complementary tasks: an analysis of public policies within the metropolitan areas studied (T2 ); mapping of cycle paths and flows and use of the various paths (T3); and observation of the reception of arrangements and measures with cyclists with a focus on new bicycle users (T4).

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-17-RAR3-0004
    Funder Contribution: 159,300 EUR
    Partners: UBC, Inserm, CIEMAT-CIBERER, Universität Freiburg
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-16-FRQC-0001
    Funder Contribution: 209,768 EUR
    Partners: University of Montreal, Laboratoire dEthnologie et de Sociologie comparée

    A joint Franco-Quebec collaboration for the consolidation and development of research projects on the theme of death in a context of migration._x000D_ _x000D_ This international collaboration aims to examine different themes relating to death in the context of migration, including material, legal, institutional, associative, familial, moral and emotional dimensions. This implies understanding death as an integral part of the migration experience, both as a reality and as a potentiality with multiple effects. The challenge of this program is twofold, because it necessitates bringing together two questions which have rarely been addressed together in the scientific literature, while at the same time drawing on a heterogeneous multidisciplinary corpus. At the present time, no such network exists in Canada or internationally. This grant will enable the consolidation and development of an inter-university network by supporting the conditions for collaboration and research between researchers, students and professionals from diverse milieu and countries. The themes of death and migration will be examined from a multifaceted perspective drawing on several disciplines, fields of practice and cultural universes. The program itself will be structured around two axes:_x000D_ 1) the development of joint research projects based on qualitative and comparative methods, narratives and case-studies as means of advancing knowledge in the field of death and migration; 2) the sharing and transfer of scientific knowledge.

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The following results are related to Canada. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
30 Projects, page 1 of 3
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-18-EBI4-0005
    Funder Contribution: 299,454 EUR
    Partners: Lancaster University, Uni Research, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Université Montpellier, UBC, VUA, James Cook University, ETH Zurich, Stockholm University, Arizona State University, Institut de recherche pour le développement...
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-21-MYBL-0002
    Funder Contribution: 330,344 EUR
    Partners: UBC, ECOLE DECONOMIE DE PARIS, Institute for fiscal studies, Stockholm University

    The main research objective is to document how inequalities in ageing – such as those between the rich and the poor and those between men and women – have changed across successive birth cohorts, and how public policies aiming to strengthen the fiscal sustainability ofwelfare systems have counteracted or accentuated these trends. This project will rely on data and reforms carried out in five countries encompassing North America, Western Europe and Scandinavia and carefully chosen to ensure a wide span of institutional arrangements in areas such as labour markets, social security and private pensions: Canada, France, Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom. First, we will document recent trends in life-expectancy and healthy ageing inequality. Our overall objective is to bring about a more complete and multi-faceted picture of recent trends in ageing inequalities across countries from North America and Europe. For France and Sweden, we will use administrative data to combine information on income, occupation, residence and death records and construct detailed measures of mortality inequalities, and assess how these have changed across recent cohorts. We will then carry out a cross-country analysis of the income-mortality gradient using recent estimates for Canada, Germany, the UK, and the US. The objective is to exploit crosscountry differences to dig deeper into the factors which could explain variations in inequalities of life expectancy. Using survey data on health at older ages in Europe, and specific surveys for France and Sweden, we will estimate inequalities of healthy ageing by gender and socio-economic background. We will provide estimates of how inequalities of disability-free life-expectancy are changing over time. Using Canadian data, we will estimate how the use of long-term care varies by socio-demographic factors. Second, we go beyond describing trends in inequalities by looking at the effects that current policies have on redistributive trends. More precisely, we will analyse how pension reforms have contributed to reduce, or increase, these inequalities in ageing, using cases from France, Sweden and the UK. Combining estimates on the income-mortality gradient with careful estimation and simulation of the impact of pension systems, we will estimate redistributive patterns of public old-age provision, and analyse how pension reforms have altered this redistribution. We will distinguish between static analyses and analyses that do allow for behavioural responses, notably changes to retirement patterns. In particular, we will elicit how strategies to extend career length counteract or aggravate inequalities. In addition to public pension reforms, we will consider reforms to private pension provision in Sweden and in the UK, through estimating the distributional impact of auto-enrolment of most employees into workplace pensions (UK) and occupational pension schemes (Sweden). Third, we will study whether, and how, the looming increase in care needs generates additional inequalities for those giving care and for people in need of care. Recent research has highlighted how care needs, formal care take-up and informal care provision are largely influenced by socio-economic background. We will contribute to this body of research by analysing how reforms impact inequalities in care responsibilities in Canada and Germany. In addition, we will analyse how the gender gap in informal care – elderly care is overwhelmingly provided by women – is related to gender inequalities in the labour market and the system of pension provision using European data. Moreover, we will use data from Canada and Germany to estimate models of long-term care use explicitly considering inequalities in socioeconomic background. Finally, we will exploit reforms to the pension and long-term care systems in Germany to assess how likely they are to impact inequalities in informal care provision.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-10-BLAN-1820
    Funder Contribution: 238,400 EUR
    Partners: INSTITUT GUSTAVE ROUSSY, University of Montreal, CONSERVATOIRE NATIONAL DES ARTS ET METIERS (CNAM), ASSOCIATION GROUPE ESSEC

    Background _x000D_ _x000D_ Different countries have launched national reporting programs on hospitals based on quality and safety measurements. Beyond technical definitions, a key-issue is to ensure that an effective improvement is ensured due to the implementation of these measurements. However, the hypothesis that an indicator spontaneously induces such an improvement is not so clear. During the implementation phase can be considered a relation between the indicator, the hospital‘s organisation of work, and the actors who composed it. On this relation depends the real use of the indicator, and consequently its impact in terms of improvement. This project addresses this issue of the use of quality and safety measurements. _x000D_ _x000D_ Objectives _x000D_ _x000D_ The objectives are twofold: _x000D_ 1. Analysis of the indicator as a pertinent assessment system for improving quality _x000D_ 2. Analysis of the indicators‘ roles. The objective is to understand how the relation between quality and safety measurements, sensemaking given by professionals, and the organisation of work generates different roles. _x000D_ _x000D_ Methods _x000D_ _x000D_ The field of analysis is based on a French national program of indicators, Compaqh, which tests 43 indicators on a hospital panel (n= 44 à 100, depending on the topic). The methodology is qualitative, comprehensive, and comparative with a Canadian initiative. The research team is composed of representatives of two disciplinary fields: management science and psychology of work. The duration of the research is three years. Two types of seminars are considered: empirical (follow-up of the data collection process) and contributory (data analysis). _x000D_ _x000D_ Expected Results _x000D_ _x000D_ This project can produce a new knowledge on the relation between quality and safety measurements, sensemaking and organisation of work. It can also help to understand how measurements can construct an adequate representation of the organisation of work. Based on the results, operational recommendations could be developed in order to: - Identify quality and safety topics that can be assessed through measurement - Consider appropriate actions of quality improvement - Optimise the design of Quality and Safety indicators as well as the implantation phase

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-13-PRGE-0011
    Funder Contribution: 605,563 EUR
    Partners: Institut des Materiaux Jean Rouxel, University of Montreal, Moltech Anjou, Centre Inter universitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux

    This project addresses the point 4.2 of the call for proposal, dedicated to electrochemical capacitors (ECs) so called supercapacitors or ultracapacitors. This point mentions that : « A major effort of research must focus on improving the energy density, including implementation of new organic electrolytes to increase the electrochemical window and security. Asymmetric or hybrid systems are other avenues to explore.”.Our goal is to double the energy density of nowadays symmetrical carbon ECs, i.e from 5 to 10 Wh/kg or 7 to 15 Wh/L. Unlike most of todays research efforts which aim at replacing carbon by other materials (oxides, nitrides, etc...), thus leading to drastic changes in fabrication process, we propose to keep the carbon electrode and simply add electroactive molecules that will be anchored at the surface of carbon, thus adding a faradic component to the double layer capacitance of carbon. This concept is not new since it has been developed for more than 5 years by the partners of this consortium as well as by other teams. However, most of the work has been done in aqueous based electrolytes. The Technology Readiness Level (TRL) is at stage 2 (Invention begins, practical applications can be invented, applications are speculative). Our goal is to apply the current knowledge to the development of devices in organic based electrolytes, and to push TRL level to stage 4 (Basic technological components are integrated to establish that they will work together), being able at the end of the project to give prototype cells to companies for initiating stage 5 of TRL (Component validation in relevant environment). Subsequently the present project is dedicated to technological developments._x000D_ We want to improve the energy density of carbon-based devices in organic electrolyte by two fold. This will be achieved by keeping the same cell voltage (or slightly increasing it), almost the same double layer capacitance (EDLC) of carbon electrodes but providing an extra Faradaic capacity (and not capacitance since it is purely Faradaic) to both carbon electrodes by functionalizing the surface of carbon with judiciously chosen electroactive molecules. This concept has been successfully applied to aqueous based electrolyte using quinone based functionalized carbons. _x000D_ The choice of the electroactive molecules (multi-electron processes are preferred to single electron process, low molecular weight is needed, adequate active electrochemical window…), the choice of the carbon (large surface area, adequate porosity not too much affected by molecular grafting on the surface, etc…), the interaction between the molecules and carbon powder (high grafting yield, etc..) and finally the behavior of modified carbon electrodes in different organic (or ionic liquid) based electrolytes are the key points that control the final performance of the modified carbon electrodes. These requirements correspond to the 5 tasks of the project._x000D_ Doubling the energy density must be achieved while keeping high power capability and long term cycling efficiency which are the bottlenecks of the proposed technology._x000D_ For this purpose, a consortium gathering 4 academic laboratories (including a Canadian partner) has been set up. The 4 labs have been working together for more than 12 years with more than 30 common papers and communications and already 5 common PhD and post-docs. The consortium will take benefit from the belonging of the French labs to the French Network on Energy Storage (RS2E - http://www.energie-rs2e.com/fr) to get access to prototyping facilities to lead the concept to 1000F cells._x000D_

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-20-NEUR-0002
    Funder Contribution: 559,800 EUR
    Partners: Ghent University, UBC, INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA SANTE ET DE LA RECHERCHE MEDICALE - DELEGATION REGIONALE GRAND OUEST
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-19-FQSM-0004
    Funder Contribution: 308,238 EUR
    Partners: Université du Québec en Outaouais / Crifpe, Centre pour la biodiversité marine, lexploitation et la conservation, INRAE Centre Occitanie - Montpellier, University of Montreal, Centre dEconomie de lEnvironnement, Polytechnique Montréal

    Estuarine and coastal ecosystems are essential for human activities, as they provide a wide variety of ecosystem services (ES). However, they are subject to increasing anthropogenic pressures incurred by coastal development, marine traffic, overexploitation of aquatic resources and diversification of tourism and recreational use. Accounting for these human-ecosystems interactions in land planning projects, in a comprehensive, holistic and integrated way, is still a challenge in decision-making. The “Cost to coast” research project aims at filling in the existing gaps in this integration and providing the missing elements that prevent the sustainable development of coastal/estuary territories, by using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology and tools. “Cost to coast” project is divided into four inter-related research activities that will allow reaching four objectives. First, it aims at proposing a harmonized conceptual framework for the consistent assessment of ES at a territorial scale throughout a life cycle perspective. Second, it will develop a methodology to identify the “basket” of ES relevant to estuarine and coastal areas, which are shared by different stakeholders at a territorial scale (e.g. maritime freight and port activities, fishing, recreational-tourism, high value conservation area), by applying the conceptual framework initially developed. Third, it will create a new set of indicators to be applied in quantitative life cycle impact assessment methods (e.g. readily available to LCA practitioners for use within IMPACT World+), in order to quantify the potential loss/gain of aquatic ES (i.e. from coastal and sea use), in compliance with the conceptual framework developed. Finally, this project aims at applying the developed methodologies and set of indicators to characterize the human impacts on ES. The operationalization will be conducted on two case studies, i.e. the Thau lagoon, on the Mediterranean Sea coast, in France; and the St. Lawrence estuary, in Quebec (Canada) with a specific focus on the Lac Saint-Pierre. These two territories have different sets of ES, though the direct provision of resources with the presence of aquaculture, fishing and shellfish farming activities; as well as indirectly, through cultural services, such as those linked with recreation and cultural activities. The project is scheduled for 3 years and it combines the expertise of six different research teams from Québec and France, as an evidence of its multi- and inter-disciplinary character. The researchers and graduate students are involved in various fields of research and development, such as LCA (system analysis, impact assessment methodology development, LCA operationalization), ES quantification and valuation, marine ecology and biology, geography and economics. The project will deliver high qualification staff (4 PhD, 1 Postdoc and 3 MSc students), scientific papers and communications. Lastly, the “Cost to coast” project pays attention to serving and better informing the decision-making process. For that, tools, documentation, and other project deliverables will be made available to territorial stakeholders and to the lay public, in simple wording and, at the same time, to the LCA community (i.e., practitioners and researchers) in order to ease and sustain its use.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-21-MRS2-0014
    Funder Contribution: 29,000 EUR
    Partners: Commission nationale du débat public, Agence de consulting Future Impacts, Association Chôros, University of Montreal, CENTRE DE RECHERCHE INTERDISCIPLINAIRE EN SCIENCES DE LA SOCIÉTÉ, Brussels Academy, Tallinn University of Technology - Department of Technology and Governance, Università degli Studi di Bergamo, University of Lisbon - Institute of Social Sciences

    The EgID (Interactive Democracy for a European Governance) project aims at observing and enriching the relation between European Governance and interactive democracy. EgID is a project of fundamental research designed to analyse interactive-democracy existing processes to understand if, without changing current treaties, they could be an instrument for constructing a European citizenship. In particular, the objective is to create an Observatory of Interactive Democracy in Europe. Ongoing and future initiatives will be observed in real time and theoretical tools for analyzing new kinds of initiatives will be proposed. Therefore, the project is focused both on Europe and democracy. Regarding Europe, it places itself in the perspective of an evolution of Europe towards a complete political society. Regarding democracy, the project focuses on different forms and expressions of interactive democracy. The fundamental research will be completed by an action research. The latter will carry out several mechanisms of simulation and experimentation in order to better understand how to progress in the field of interactive democracy, which is still not completely formalized. It is planned to design and activate different kinds of citizens’ assemblies in a series of European cities to create good conditions for EU citizens to discuss together European citizenship issues. The assemblies will be focused on three temporal levels concerning politics and public policies: the present, the next future, and multiple possible futures. The point is to set up pragmatic strategic foresight tools, giving the floor to ordinary citizens and let them freely invent and “inhabit’ possible futures. EgID project has been conceived to apply to the Horizon Europe call for application CL2-2022-DEMOCRACY-01-02: The future of democracy and civic participation. The project will be run by an international and interdisciplinary network of professional and researchers in social sciences. This network includes scholars and experts working on interactive democracy and European issues, especially on the organisation of citizens’ assemblies and the observation of participatory dynamics at different levels. In their theoretical work and professional practice, all the members of the network pay particular attention to spatial dynamics, which is a leading thread of the project. The research network that has been built up for the egID project presents the following key points: - Multi-scalar approaches to governance issues (from the local to the global levels). - Diversity and complementarity of analysis methods: qualitative and quantitative methods (discourse analysis, analysis of perceptions and beliefs, analysis of societal complex issues, digital space analysis). - New, experimental approaches (serious games, innovating cartography, arts/sciences hybridisation). - Deep knowledge of interactive democracy processes both institutionalised and emerging. - Combination of fundamental and operational research.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-20-COV7-0007
    Funder Contribution: 149,593 EUR
    Partners: Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales, University of Lausanne, Laboratoire Aménagement Economie Transports, Laboratoire Ville Mobilité Transport, GOUVERNANCE, RISQUE, ENVIRONNEMENT, DÉVELOPPEMENT. DYNAMIQUES SOCIÉTALES ET GESTION DES TERRITOIRES, University of Montreal, ESPACES ET SOCIETES, THEORISER ET MODELISER POUR AMENAGER - UMR 6049

    Among other consequences, the Covid-19 crisis has prompted the public authorities to rethink the use of public space, particularly roads, in order to develop means of transport that are both efficient and adapted to the health context. Fearing a desertion of public transport and a massive shift towards the automobile, the leaders and technical managers of Europe, North America and South America have turned to active modes, including the bicycle that appeared as a vehicle adapted to ensure minimum physical social distance. The objective of the VÉLOTACTIQUE project is to collect data that will provide practitioners and researchers with the first elements of knowledge on the implementation and reception of tactical cycling town planning in the context of the health crisis, as well as its contribution to energy transition. VÉLOTACTIQUE is based on a comparative study carried out in France, in the metropolises of Besançon, Grenoble, Montpellier, Lyon, Paris, Rennes, Saint-Étienne, in Switzerland, in Lausanne and Geneva and in the Americas, in particular in Montreal and Bogotá. To do this, VÉLOTACTIQUE is based on an exploratory and comparative approach and intend to collect data over 12 months on policies, their developments, their reception with users and the changes observed in practices. The work program of VÉLOTACTIQUE is structured around 4 tasks, allowing the different sites and the different partners to be associated each time. In addition to the task dedicated to project management, the link with partner urban communities and the promotion of results (T1), the project revolves around 3 complementary tasks: an analysis of public policies within the metropolitan areas studied (T2 ); mapping of cycle paths and flows and use of the various paths (T3); and observation of the reception of arrangements and measures with cyclists with a focus on new bicycle users (T4).

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-17-RAR3-0004
    Funder Contribution: 159,300 EUR
    Partners: UBC, Inserm, CIEMAT-CIBERER, Universität Freiburg
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-16-FRQC-0001
    Funder Contribution: 209,768 EUR
    Partners: University of Montreal, Laboratoire dEthnologie et de Sociologie comparée

    A joint Franco-Quebec collaboration for the consolidation and development of research projects on the theme of death in a context of migration._x000D_ _x000D_ This international collaboration aims to examine different themes relating to death in the context of migration, including material, legal, institutional, associative, familial, moral and emotional dimensions. This implies understanding death as an integral part of the migration experience, both as a reality and as a potentiality with multiple effects. The challenge of this program is twofold, because it necessitates bringing together two questions which have rarely been addressed together in the scientific literature, while at the same time drawing on a heterogeneous multidisciplinary corpus. At the present time, no such network exists in Canada or internationally. This grant will enable the consolidation and development of an inter-university network by supporting the conditions for collaboration and research between researchers, students and professionals from diverse milieu and countries. The themes of death and migration will be examined from a multifaceted perspective drawing on several disciplines, fields of practice and cultural universes. The program itself will be structured around two axes:_x000D_ 1) the development of joint research projects based on qualitative and comparative methods, narratives and case-studies as means of advancing knowledge in the field of death and migration; 2) the sharing and transfer of scientific knowledge.