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27 Projects

  • Canada
  • 2013-2022
  • OA Publications Mandate: Yes
  • 2020

10
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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 945234
    Overall Budget: 8,971,950 EURFunder Contribution: 3,997,240 EUR

    The ECC-SMART is oriented towards assessing the feasibility and identification of safety features of an intrinsically and passively safe small modular reactor cooled by supercritical water (SCW-SMR), taking into account specific knowledge gaps related to the future licensing process and implementation of this technology. The main objectives of the project are to define the design requirements for the future SCW-SMR technology, to develop the pre-licensing study and guidelines for the demonstration of the safety in the further development stages of the SCW-SMR concept including the methodologies and tools to be used and to identify the key obstacles for the future SMR licencing and propose a strategy for this process. To reach these objectives, specific technical knowledge gaps were defined and will be assessed to achieve the future smooth licensing and implementation of the SCW-SMR technology (especially the behaviour of materials in the SCW environment and irradiation, validation of the codes and design of the reactor core will be developed, evaluated by simulations and experimentally validated). The ECC-SMART project consortium consists of EU, Canadian and Chinese partners to use the trans-continental synergy and knowledge developed separately by each partner. The project consortium and project scope were created according to the joint research activities under the International Atomic Energy Agency, Generation-IV International Forum umbrella and as much data as possible will be taken from the already performed projects. This project brings together the best scientific teams working in the field of SCWR using the best facilities and methods worldwide, to fulfil the common vision of building an SCW-SMR in the near future.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101003575
    Overall Budget: 15,924,000 EURFunder Contribution: 5,000,000 EUR

    ERA-MIN3 comprises a progressive, pan-European public-public partnership of 25 public research funding organisations from 19 European countries/regions and 3 third countries, which aims to continue strengthening the mineral raw materials (RM) community through the coordination of research and innovation (R&I) programmes on non-energy, non-agricultural raw materials (metallic, construction, and industrial minerals). ERA-MIN3 will thus contribute to the objectives of the EIP on Raw Material’s Strategic Implementation Plan and the EU Circular Economy Action Plan, in support of the EU Raw Materials Initiative, the UN sustainable development goals and the European Green Deal. Built on the successes of the previous ERA-MIN and ERA-MIN 2, and to ensure the EU’s resource security and sustainable supply of strategic RM to the European society, ERA-MIN3 will achieve its goals of improving synergy, coordination and coherence between regional, national and EU funding in the RM sector by reducing fragmentation of RM funding across Europe and globally, as well as, improving the use of human and financial resources, the competitiveness and the environmental, social, health and safety issues of RM operations through supporting of transnational, excellent and translational R&I activities. This will be achieved through a EU co-funded joint transnational call for R&I proposals and, at least, one additional call with participation of invited partners, on demand-driven R&I on primary and secondary resources, covering the entire value chain, from exploration, extraction and processing technologies to recycling and substitution of CRM, as well as, environmental and societal impact, new business models and/or public perception. ERA-MIN3 will liaison with RM related initiatives to ensure alignment of research topics (e.g. batteries), promote synergies and complementarities thus avoiding duplication of efforts and contributing for the circular economy and the sustainable development.

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  • Funder: WT Project Code: 215695
    Funder Contribution: 835,847 GBP

    We are proposing a new and innovative precision approach to the identification of severe infections and sepsis in children. This data-driven approach to diagnosis will overcome many of the limitations of current expert opinion-based triage guidelines. Smart technology has the potential to overcome the barrier of limited clinical expertise in the identification of the child at risk. This mobile health platform, with sensors and data-driven applications, will provide real-time individualised risk prediction to facilitate timely and effective targeted treatment at first contact, regardless of location. This low-cost technology will provide rapid triage in remote areas globally where specialists are not regularly available. We will trigger rapid, highly effective and low-cost interventions such as antibiotics, fluid, oxygen therapy and other special investigations to children determined to be most at risk of sepsis, based on data-driven prediction. Thus, these innovations will improve timely access to life-saving treatments for children in the poorest countries where deaths from infection and sepsis are common. Children in poor families or in populations marginalized by health and social inequities are especially vulnerable to infections. In these children, infection is a major contributor to disability and years of life lost and has a great economic and social cost. Sepsis is the leading cause of death and disability in children, every hour of delay in treatment is associated with greater organ damage and ultimately death. The challenges, especially in poor countries, are the delays in diagnosis and the inability to identify children in urgent need of treatment. To circumvent these challenges, we propose the implementation and evaluation of a trigger tool that will reduce the time to diagnosis and prompt the timely initiation of life-saving treatment. The key innovations are 1) a data-driven approach to rapid diagnosis of sepsis severity and 2) a low-cost digital tagging system to track the time to treatment. The tool will require minimal cost, clinical expertise and training or time to use. The tool will identify high risk children and reduce time to treatment. Our mobile platform (mobile device and dashboard) will create a low-cost, highly scalable solution for children with sepsis.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 875025
    Overall Budget: 2,735,030 EURFunder Contribution: 2,199,570 EUR

    PEMFC is the promising technology for automotive applications with a large deployment horizon by 2030. However, in view of extending their use to a broad range of customers, progress have to be done in terms of cost, performance and durability. The FURTHER-FC project aims at understanding performance limitations due to the coupling between electrochemical and transport issues in the Cathode Catalyst Layer (CCL) which is the main bottleneck for future PEMFC. The comprehensive and innovative approach is based on unique and intensive fundamental characterizations coupled with advanced modelling, from sub-micrometer to its full thickness. The analysis are performed on CCL customized with different and original materials, and will cover structural 3D analysis of the CCL, local operando diagnostics (temperature, liquid water) in the CCL, advanced characterization of ionomer films, innovative diagnostics on transport limitations, fundamental electrochemistry. Advanced one and two-phase models will be used as a support to the experiments and benefit from the experiments for more reliable inputs, physics and validation. The approach will also address the durability issues thanks to the better understanding of the correlation between CCL microstructure, local conditions and properties. FURTHER-FC will propose and validate the performance and durability new ionomer and electrode structures specifically designed to prevent the limitations observed on current MEA, contributing to reach the MAWP targets for horizon 2024-2030. FURTHER-FC will benefit from the active role of renowned partners gathering significant experience on MEA manufacturing and testing (Toyota Europe, CEA, DLR), state-of-the Art experimental techniques (CEA, DLR, PSI, CNRS-IEM, Univ. of Esslingen, Imperial College of London) and modelling tools (CEA, DLR, CNRS-INPT) supported by international entities (Chemours-US, University of Calgary).

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 871120
    Overall Budget: 10,000,000 EURFunder Contribution: 10,000,000 EUR

    Planet Earth faces unprecedented environmental changes that will affect all members of society. Arctic climate warming is more than twice the global rate and unpredictable extreme events cause major impacts on ecosystems and people. However, the Arctic atmospheric circulation causes extreme events and societal damage beyond the Arctic which need international research and monitoring to understand and predict. Furthermore, attitudes need to be changed throughout the world through outreach while the next generation needs to be equipped to live in a different world. INTERACT III innovates a pan-arctic network of 86 research stations in 16 northern countries to provide a fully integrated, advanced infrastructure now able to meaningfully address major societal challenges and provide services for 155 global and regional networks. Furthermore, the global reputation of INTERACT has attracted world-leading partners and enterprises to participate in reducing the impacts of hazardous change while maximizing the opportunities arising from new technologies. Specifically, INTERACT III provides comprehensive coordination of 64 partners and 86 research stations. The station managers design best practices to ensure excellent research, monitoring, education and outreach. INTERACT III builds on an extremely successful transnational access program that has already populated the Arctic with 900 researchers to further provide excellent science while reducing the environmental footprints of researchers through improving remote and virtual access. The access transnationality ensures new collaborations, innovative science and science diplomacy at a time of heightened geopolitical tensions. Station managers, transnational access and joint research activities cooperate to address major societal challenges in a fully integrated infrastructure while their data and understanding are made globally available through exceptional outreach and education and policy briefings to decision makers.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 874434
    Overall Budget: 369,300 EURFunder Contribution: 300,000 EUR

    Research infrastructures are key enablers in all areas of research and technology development and, as such, are crucial to advancing the frontiers of knowledge. RIs are increasingly used by researchers from numerous countries and are often operated by international consortia. The necessary expenditures for research infrastructures take up a significant portion of overall research budgets and they are constantly under pressure to adapt due to the advancements in science, research and technology. All these aspects underline the importance of research infrastructures. They also demonstrate the complexity that occur with construction, implementation, governance, operation, funding and international cooperation. Previous conferences have shown that countries around the world benefit from exchange and discussion on an international level regarding topics such as governance, best practices, evaluation of impacts and a wide variety of policy concerns related to research infrastructures. The overall objective of this proposal is to organize and further establish this dynamic international forum on research infrastructures. ICRI 2020 will bring together policy experts, facility managers, leading researchers and a wide variety of interested stakeholders to discuss challenges and emerging trends for research infrastructures around the world. The specific objectives of the proposed action are: 1. To provide an international forum for the discussion on the development of internationally important research infrastructures as well as on issues of common interest such as the internationalization of research infrastructures and assessing their impact on society and the economy; 2. To facilitate and promote international cooperation between European research infrastructures and their counterparts in all other regions of the world; and 3. To identify best practices and effective approaches to determine how research infrastructures can best enable research excellence.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 861584
    Overall Budget: 7,373,580 EURFunder Contribution: 6,848,580 EUR

    ePIcenter will create an interoperable cloud-based ecosystem of user-friendly extensible Artificial Intelligence-based logistics software solutions and supporting methodologies that will enable all players in global trade and international authorities to co-operate with ports, logistics companies and shippers, and to react in an agile way to volatile political and market changes and to major climate shifts impacting traditional freight routes. This will address the ever-increasing expectations of 21st century consumers for cheaper and more readily available goods and bring in Innovations in transport, such as hyperloops, autonomous/robotic systems (e.g. “T-pods”) and new last-mile solutions as well as technological initiatives such as blockchain, increased digitalisation, single windows, EGNOS positional precision and the Copernicus Earth Observation Programme. ePIcenter thus addresses MG-2-9-2019 of H2020 Mobility for Growth “InCo Flagship on Integrated multimodal, low-emission freight transport systems and logistics”, particularly in what refers to new logistics concepts, new disruptive technologies, new trade routes (including arctic routes and new Silk routes) and multimodal transfer zones. ePIcenter will speed up the path to a Physical Internet and will benefit peripheral regions and landlocked developing countries. ePIcenter will reduce fuel usage (and corresponding emissions) by 10-25%, lead to greater utilisation of greener modes of transport reducing long distance movements by trucks by 20-25% and ensure a smoother profile of arrivals at ports which will reduce congestion and waiting/turnaround times.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 945057
    Overall Budget: 4,071,050 EURFunder Contribution: 3,974,400 EUR

    Combustible gases are one of the few elements that can really challenge the containment integrity. An appropriate management of the associated risk is paramount to avoid the potential release of large amounts of radioactive material to the environment. Surprisingly, the Severe Accident Management Guidelines (SAMGs) have not been updated according to the knowledge gained in the last decade and the database extension resulting from recent and ongoing projects. The AMHYCO project intends to respond to practical questions, such as the right timing and mode for actuation of containment safety systems (i.e., FCVS, sprays, fan coolers) to reduce as much as feasible the threat posed to containment integrity. To do so, all the available tools to enhance the present status (i.e., LP, 3D and CFD codes, together with experimentation and the best use of engineering judgement) are to be applied. Three specific objectives are set: • To improve the Severe Accident Management Guidelines (SAMGs) for both in-vessel and ex-vessel phases with respect to combustible gases risk management, using both numerical and experimental results. • To investigate experimentally phenomena that are difficult to predict numerically: H2/CO/H2O distribution and combustion and PARs behavior under realistic accidental conditions, taking into account the safety systems interaction. • To improve the predictability of the numerical tools - Lumped Parameter (LP), 3D containment and Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) codes - used for explosion hazard evaluation inside the reactor containment to gain relevance in supporting SAMGs design and development. The scope of this project is outlined by the most common reactor technology in the EU: PWRs. The whole project is structured in 7 WPs (coordination included) in which an entire WP is to be devoted to the enhancement of SAMGs. Finally, AMHYCO has received the NUGENIA label and 9 organizations have shown their interest with support letters .

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 870761
    Overall Budget: 3,375,520 EURFunder Contribution: 3,238,000 EUR

    The vision of PROTECT is to discover ways of further advancing the international protection system within today’s turbulent political context. As a corollary to fluctuations in political cleavage systems of host countries, states’ policy approaches to international protection are drifting away from the humanitarian norms, objectives and methods provided by the current international law. The international refugee regime risks entering an era of decay because of declining citizen support, increasing party populism, growing government opportunism, and the subsequent scapegoating of international organizations. The United Nations’ Global Compact on Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees, which aim to introduce global governance and burden-sharing systems in the areas of migration and international protection, will have to be implemented in a context of international power relations between advocates of different visions of world order and notions international protection associated with them. In order to assess the challenges and opportunities that the Global Compacts pose, PROTECT will organize its research and dissemination efforts around three dimensions of international protection: (a) rights, (b) governance, and (c) public recognition. PROTECT aims to: (1) develop perspectives to international protection that address the challenges posed by the current politically turbulent context (2) assess the impacts of the Global Compacts on the right to international protection, discovering ways of reconstructing their relationships with the pre-existing legal frames that advance international protection (3) assess the impacts of the Global Compacts on the governance of international protection, discovering the most effective modes of global governance (4) assess the impact of the Global Compacts on the public recognition of the right to international protection, identifying the networks and discourses that hinder or facilitate support to international protection.

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  • Funder: ASAP Project Code: ASAP-000525
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Advanced search in
Projects
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The following results are related to Canada. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
27 Projects
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 945234
    Overall Budget: 8,971,950 EURFunder Contribution: 3,997,240 EUR

    The ECC-SMART is oriented towards assessing the feasibility and identification of safety features of an intrinsically and passively safe small modular reactor cooled by supercritical water (SCW-SMR), taking into account specific knowledge gaps related to the future licensing process and implementation of this technology. The main objectives of the project are to define the design requirements for the future SCW-SMR technology, to develop the pre-licensing study and guidelines for the demonstration of the safety in the further development stages of the SCW-SMR concept including the methodologies and tools to be used and to identify the key obstacles for the future SMR licencing and propose a strategy for this process. To reach these objectives, specific technical knowledge gaps were defined and will be assessed to achieve the future smooth licensing and implementation of the SCW-SMR technology (especially the behaviour of materials in the SCW environment and irradiation, validation of the codes and design of the reactor core will be developed, evaluated by simulations and experimentally validated). The ECC-SMART project consortium consists of EU, Canadian and Chinese partners to use the trans-continental synergy and knowledge developed separately by each partner. The project consortium and project scope were created according to the joint research activities under the International Atomic Energy Agency, Generation-IV International Forum umbrella and as much data as possible will be taken from the already performed projects. This project brings together the best scientific teams working in the field of SCWR using the best facilities and methods worldwide, to fulfil the common vision of building an SCW-SMR in the near future.

    more_vert
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101003575
    Overall Budget: 15,924,000 EURFunder Contribution: 5,000,000 EUR

    ERA-MIN3 comprises a progressive, pan-European public-public partnership of 25 public research funding organisations from 19 European countries/regions and 3 third countries, which aims to continue strengthening the mineral raw materials (RM) community through the coordination of research and innovation (R&I) programmes on non-energy, non-agricultural raw materials (metallic, construction, and industrial minerals). ERA-MIN3 will thus contribute to the objectives of the EIP on Raw Material’s Strategic Implementation Plan and the EU Circular Economy Action Plan, in support of the EU Raw Materials Initiative, the UN sustainable development goals and the European Green Deal. Built on the successes of the previous ERA-MIN and ERA-MIN 2, and to ensure the EU’s resource security and sustainable supply of strategic RM to the European society, ERA-MIN3 will achieve its goals of improving synergy, coordination and coherence between regional, national and EU funding in the RM sector by reducing fragmentation of RM funding across Europe and globally, as well as, improving the use of human and financial resources, the competitiveness and the environmental, social, health and safety issues of RM operations through supporting of transnational, excellent and translational R&I activities. This will be achieved through a EU co-funded joint transnational call for R&I proposals and, at least, one additional call with participation of invited partners, on demand-driven R&I on primary and secondary resources, covering the entire value chain, from exploration, extraction and processing technologies to recycling and substitution of CRM, as well as, environmental and societal impact, new business models and/or public perception. ERA-MIN3 will liaison with RM related initiatives to ensure alignment of research topics (e.g. batteries), promote synergies and complementarities thus avoiding duplication of efforts and contributing for the circular economy and the sustainable development.

    more_vert
  • Funder: WT Project Code: 215695
    Funder Contribution: 835,847 GBP

    We are proposing a new and innovative precision approach to the identification of severe infections and sepsis in children. This data-driven approach to diagnosis will overcome many of the limitations of current expert opinion-based triage guidelines. Smart technology has the potential to overcome the barrier of limited clinical expertise in the identification of the child at risk. This mobile health platform, with sensors and data-driven applications, will provide real-time individualised risk prediction to facilitate timely and effective targeted treatment at first contact, regardless of location. This low-cost technology will provide rapid triage in remote areas globally where specialists are not regularly available. We will trigger rapid, highly effective and low-cost interventions such as antibiotics, fluid, oxygen therapy and other special investigations to children determined to be most at risk of sepsis, based on data-driven prediction. Thus, these innovations will improve timely access to life-saving treatments for children in the poorest countries where deaths from infection and sepsis are common. Children in poor families or in populations marginalized by health and social inequities are especially vulnerable to infections. In these children, infection is a major contributor to disability and years of life lost and has a great economic and social cost. Sepsis is the leading cause of death and disability in children, every hour of delay in treatment is associated with greater organ damage and ultimately death. The challenges, especially in poor countries, are the delays in diagnosis and the inability to identify children in urgent need of treatment. To circumvent these challenges, we propose the implementation and evaluation of a trigger tool that will reduce the time to diagnosis and prompt the timely initiation of life-saving treatment. The key innovations are 1) a data-driven approach to rapid diagnosis of sepsis severity and 2) a low-cost digital tagging system to track the time to treatment. The tool will require minimal cost, clinical expertise and training or time to use. The tool will identify high risk children and reduce time to treatment. Our mobile platform (mobile device and dashboard) will create a low-cost, highly scalable solution for children with sepsis.

    more_vert
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 875025
    Overall Budget: 2,735,030 EURFunder Contribution: 2,199,570 EUR

    PEMFC is the promising technology for automotive applications with a large deployment horizon by 2030. However, in view of extending their use to a broad range of customers, progress have to be done in terms of cost, performance and durability. The FURTHER-FC project aims at understanding performance limitations due to the coupling between electrochemical and transport issues in the Cathode Catalyst Layer (CCL) which is the main bottleneck for future PEMFC. The comprehensive and innovative approach is based on unique and intensive fundamental characterizations coupled with advanced modelling, from sub-micrometer to its full thickness. The analysis are performed on CCL customized with different and original materials, and will cover structural 3D analysis of the CCL, local operando diagnostics (temperature, liquid water) in the CCL, advanced characterization of ionomer films, innovative diagnostics on transport limitations, fundamental electrochemistry. Advanced one and two-phase models will be used as a support to the experiments and benefit from the experiments for more reliable inputs, physics and validation. The approach will also address the durability issues thanks to the better understanding of the correlation between CCL microstructure, local conditions and properties. FURTHER-FC will propose and validate the performance and durability new ionomer and electrode structures specifically designed to prevent the limitations observed on current MEA, contributing to reach the MAWP targets for horizon 2024-2030. FURTHER-FC will benefit from the active role of renowned partners gathering significant experience on MEA manufacturing and testing (Toyota Europe, CEA, DLR), state-of-the Art experimental techniques (CEA, DLR, PSI, CNRS-IEM, Univ. of Esslingen, Imperial College of London) and modelling tools (CEA, DLR, CNRS-INPT) supported by international entities (Chemours-US, University of Calgary).

    more_vert
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 871120
    Overall Budget: 10,000,000 EURFunder Contribution: 10,000,000 EUR

    Planet Earth faces unprecedented environmental changes that will affect all members of society. Arctic climate warming is more than twice the global rate and unpredictable extreme events cause major impacts on ecosystems and people. However, the Arctic atmospheric circulation causes extreme events and societal damage beyond the Arctic which need international research and monitoring to understand and predict. Furthermore, attitudes need to be changed throughout the world through outreach while the next generation needs to be equipped to live in a different world. INTERACT III innovates a pan-arctic network of 86 research stations in 16 northern countries to provide a fully integrated, advanced infrastructure now able to meaningfully address major societal challenges and provide services for 155 global and regional networks. Furthermore, the global reputation of INTERACT has attracted world-leading partners and enterprises to participate in reducing the impacts of hazardous change while maximizing the opportunities arising from new technologies. Specifically, INTERACT III provides comprehensive coordination of 64 partners and 86 research stations. The station managers design best practices to ensure excellent research, monitoring, education and outreach. INTERACT III builds on an extremely successful transnational access program that has already populated the Arctic with 900 researchers to further provide excellent science while reducing the environmental footprints of researchers through improving remote and virtual access. The access transnationality ensures new collaborations, innovative science and science diplomacy at a time of heightened geopolitical tensions. Station managers, transnational access and joint research activities cooperate to address major societal challenges in a fully integrated infrastructure while their data and understanding are made globally available through exceptional outreach and education and policy briefings to decision makers.

    visibility284
    visibilityviews284
    downloaddownloads153
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    more_vert
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 874434
    Overall Budget: 369,300 EURFunder Contribution: 300,000 EUR

    Research infrastructures are key enablers in all areas of research and technology development and, as such, are crucial to advancing the frontiers of knowledge. RIs are increasingly used by researchers from numerous countries and are often operated by international consortia. The necessary expenditures for research infrastructures take up a significant portion of overall research budgets and they are constantly under pressure to adapt due to the advancements in science, research and technology. All these aspects underline the importance of research infrastructures. They also demonstrate the complexity that occur with construction, implementation, governance, operation, funding and international cooperation. Previous conferences have shown that countries around the world benefit from exchange and discussion on an international level regarding topics such as governance, best practices, evaluation of impacts and a wide variety of policy concerns related to research infrastructures. The overall objective of this proposal is to organize and further establish this dynamic international forum on research infrastructures. ICRI 2020 will bring together policy experts, facility managers, leading researchers and a wide variety of interested stakeholders to discuss challenges and emerging trends for research infrastructures around the world. The specific objectives of the proposed action are: 1. To provide an international forum for the discussion on the development of internationally important research infrastructures as well as on issues of common interest such as the internationalization of research infrastructures and assessing their impact on society and the economy; 2. To facilitate and promote international cooperation between European research infrastructures and their counterparts in all other regions of the world; and 3. To identify best practices and effective approaches to determine how research infrastructures can best enable research excellence.

    more_vert
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 861584
    Overall Budget: 7,373,580 EURFunder Contribution: 6,848,580 EUR

    ePIcenter will create an interoperable cloud-based ecosystem of user-friendly extensible Artificial Intelligence-based logistics software solutions and supporting methodologies that will enable all players in global trade and international authorities to co-operate with ports, logistics companies and shippers, and to react in an agile way to volatile political and market changes and to major climate shifts impacting traditional freight routes. This will address the ever-increasing expectations of 21st century consumers for cheaper and more readily available goods and bring in Innovations in transport, such as hyperloops, autonomous/robotic systems (e.g. “T-pods”) and new last-mile solutions as well as technological initiatives such as blockchain, increased digitalisation, single windows, EGNOS positional precision and the Copernicus Earth Observation Programme. ePIcenter thus addresses MG-2-9-2019 of H2020 Mobility for Growth “InCo Flagship on Integrated multimodal, low-emission freight transport systems and logistics”, particularly in what refers to new logistics concepts, new disruptive technologies, new trade routes (including arctic routes and new Silk routes) and multimodal transfer zones. ePIcenter will speed up the path to a Physical Internet and will benefit peripheral regions and landlocked developing countries. ePIcenter will reduce fuel usage (and corresponding emissions) by 10-25%, lead to greater utilisation of greener modes of transport reducing long distance movements by trucks by 20-25% and ensure a smoother profile of arrivals at ports which will reduce congestion and waiting/turnaround times.

    visibility90
    visibilityviews90
    downloaddownloads142
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    more_vert
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 945057
    Overall Budget: 4,071,050 EURFunder Contribution: 3,974,400 EUR

    Combustible gases are one of the few elements that can really challenge the containment integrity. An appropriate management of the associated risk is paramount to avoid the potential release of large amounts of radioactive material to the environment. Surprisingly, the Severe Accident Management Guidelines (SAMGs) have not been updated according to the knowledge gained in the last decade and the database extension resulting from recent and ongoing projects. The AMHYCO project intends to respond to practical questions, such as the right timing and mode for actuation of containment safety systems (i.e., FCVS, sprays, fan coolers) to reduce as much as feasible the threat posed to containment integrity. To do so, all the available tools to enhance the present status (i.e., LP, 3D and CFD codes, together with experimentation and the best use of engineering judgement) are to be applied. Three specific objectives are set: • To improve the Severe Accident Management Guidelines (SAMGs) for both in-vessel and ex-vessel phases with respect to combustible gases risk management, using both numerical and experimental results. • To investigate experimentally phenomena that are difficult to predict numerically: H2/CO/H2O distribution and combustion and PARs behavior under realistic accidental conditions, taking into account the safety systems interaction. • To improve the predictability of the numerical tools - Lumped Parameter (LP), 3D containment and Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) codes - used for explosion hazard evaluation inside the reactor containment to gain relevance in supporting SAMGs design and development. The scope of this project is outlined by the most common reactor technology in the EU: PWRs. The whole project is structured in 7 WPs (coordination included) in which an entire WP is to be devoted to the enhancement of SAMGs. Finally, AMHYCO has received the NUGENIA label and 9 organizations have shown their interest with support letters .

    more_vert
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 870761
    Overall Budget: 3,375,520 EURFunder Contribution: 3,238,000 EUR

    The vision of PROTECT is to discover ways of further advancing the international protection system within today’s turbulent political context. As a corollary to fluctuations in political cleavage systems of host countries, states’ policy approaches to international protection are drifting away from the humanitarian norms, objectives and methods provided by the current international law. The international refugee regime risks entering an era of decay because of declining citizen support, increasing party populism, growing government opportunism, and the subsequent scapegoating of international organizations. The United Nations’ Global Compact on Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees, which aim to introduce global governance and burden-sharing systems in the areas of migration and international protection, will have to be implemented in a context of international power relations between advocates of different visions of world order and notions international protection associated with them. In order to assess the challenges and opportunities that the Global Compacts pose, PROTECT will organize its research and dissemination efforts around three dimensions of international protection: (a) rights, (b) governance, and (c) public recognition. PROTECT aims to: (1) develop perspectives to international protection that address the challenges posed by the current politically turbulent context (2) assess the impacts of the Global Compacts on the right to international protection, discovering ways of reconstructing their relationships with the pre-existing legal frames that advance international protection (3) assess the impacts of the Global Compacts on the governance of international protection, discovering the most effective modes of global governance (4) assess the impact of the Global Compacts on the public recognition of the right to international protection, identifying the networks and discourses that hinder or facilitate support to international protection.

    visibility9K
    visibilityviews8,842
    downloaddownloads5,855
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    more_vert
  • Funder: ASAP Project Code: ASAP-000525
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