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12 Research products

  • Canada
  • Publications
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  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
  • Clinical Trial

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Schaefer, Sydney Y.; Hooyman, Andrew; Duff, Kevin;

    Affordable, noninvasive methods of predicting functional decline are needed for individuals at risk for Alzheimer’s disease. This study tested whether a timed upper-extremity motor task predicted functional decline over one year in 79 adults diagnosed with amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Participants completed subjective and objective measures of daily functioning at baseline and one year later. Motor task performance and delayed memory were also evaluated at baseline. Motor task performance was a significant predictor of one-year follow-up daily functioning, improving model fits by 18– 35%. Thus, motor behavior has potential to be an affordable enrichment strategy that is sensitive to functional decline.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2020
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2020
      Data sources: PubMed Central
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Onima Chowdhury; Hannah Bruguier; Garry Mallett; Nikolaos Sousos; +12 Authors
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2021
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    British Journal of Haematology
    Article
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 2021
      Data sources: PubMed Central
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      British Journal of Haematology
      Article
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: UnpayWall
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Efstathios Kastritis; Evangelos Terpos; Zoi Evangelakou; Foteini Theodorakakou; +9 Authors
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2021
    Data sources: PubMed Central
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    American Journal of Hematology
    Article . 2021
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 2021
      Data sources: PubMed Central
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      American Journal of Hematology
      Article . 2021
      License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Hong Wang; Fenglin Cao; Jinmei Li; Limin Li; +11 Authors

    To the editor: Approximately 3% to 5% of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) will have an extramedullary relapse in their lifetimes, most commonly in the central nervous system (CNS).1 CNS relapse can be isolated or associated with a bone marrow (BM) relapse. The most appropriate clinical management remains controversial.2 The major obstacle to all treatments is the need for the therapeutic drugs to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Although arsenic trioxide (ATO) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) are among the frontline medications for APL intramarrow treatment, these water-soluble medicines have limited ability to cross the BBB and cannot reach therapeutically effective levels in the cerbrospinal fluid (CSF). With regular oral doses, the ATO level in CSF has been reported to reach only 17.7% of the corresponding levels in plasma.3 Previously, we investigated the potential efficacy of combination therapy with mannitol and ATO using a rabbit model, and we showed that the approach caused a transient increase in the BBB permeability for ATO, thereby increasing the ATO concentration in CSF.4 Our experiments using human cortical neurons revealed a differential tolerance of APL blasts to different concentrations of ATO.5,6 We also identified a safe range of ATO concentrations in the human CNS.7,8 The results from these collective studies allowed an ATO concentration in CSF that was both safe and therapeutic to be achieved.9 Here, we describe our efforts to extend the application of our method to additional patients. This study was registered at www.isrctn.org (#ISRCTN94954912). The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the Harbin Medical University Medical Ethics Committee, and signed informed consent was obtained from all patients or their legal guardians. Seventeen CNS APL patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2010 were included in this study (10 males and 7 females, between 6 and 50 years old). Expression of the PML/RARα gene [or t(15;17)(q22;q21) transcripts] was detected in all patient CSF. For all patients, the induction treatment was started immediately on diagnosis. The daily protocol was as follows: a bolus infusion of 125 mL of 20% mannitol mixed in 100 mL normal saline (NS) (for children ≤15 years old: 50 mL mannitol and 50 mL NS) was administered intravenously at a flow rate of 12 ∼20 mL/min (∼8-11 minutes total), followed by a slow intravenous infusion of 125 mL of 20% mannitol plus 7.0 mg/m2/day ATO (for children ≤15 years: 50 mL mannitol and 0.16 mg/kg/day ATO) in 500 mL NS at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min (∼9-10.5 hours total). Patients were instructed to rest in bed during the entire procedure. Urine flow was measured to ensure maintenance of a rate of at least 30 to 50 mL/h. Daily infusions were continued until the patient’s CSF was found to be free of APL blasts/promyelocytes. The level of elemental arsenic metabolites was measured in each patient’s CSF and blood samples, which had been taken immediately after every other day’s infusion. Consolidation therapy started 2 weeks after the induction therapy and was repeated at 2-week intervals. A total of 3 cycles of consolidation therapy was given to all the patients who achieved normal CSF morphology with induction treatment. For each cycle of consolidation, daily ATO and mannitol infusion (administered as described for the induction treatment) continued for 14 consecutive days. Absence of PML/RARα transcripts in CSF and BM (defined as complete molecular remission [CMR]) was achieved prior to commencement of lifetime maintenance therapy. The first year after CMR, a 14-day cycle administration of ATO and mannitol was repeated at 1-month intervals. In the second year, a protocol identical to that of year 1 was instituted, but using a 3-month interval regimen. From the third year on, the protocol was administered at 6-month intervals and maintained for life. PML/RARα levels were monitored at 6-month intervals. If a relapse was identified, another cycle of remission induction was started. Clinical monitoring and supportive treatment followed our departmental guidelines.10 In 16 of the 17 patients examined, abnormal blasts/promyelocytes from CSF were eliminated in 18 to 32 days (median, 24 days) after the start of induction treatment. All the patients tolerated the induction well. There were no complaints of side effects associated with the use of mannitol. There were no documented cases of acute arsenic poisoning. No patients discontinued use of ATO during the induction. There were some cases of mild liver enzyme changes and mild nonhematologic toxicity associated with ATO, but in all instances, these abnormalities resolved with the use of hydroxyurea and dexamethasone for 3 to 5 days. There were no significant differences in the level of arsenic metabolites between children and adults. The correlation between parallel blood and CSF arsenic levels was significant (r = 0.998). Over the course of the entire induction treatment process, the concentrations of arsenic in the blood and CSF were fairly stable in each patient (Figure 1). For each individual, the arsenic level in CSF was ∼99.7% of those in the paired blood samples. However, arsenic levels in different individuals were highly variable in blood and CSF. Of the 16 patients who responded to induction therapy, all achieved CMR after the first consolidation cycle. Nine of these patients retained their CMR status during the follow-up period (median, 92 months; range, 70-125 months). Among the other 7 patients, there were 1 to 3 relapses in BM and/or CNS after their first CMR. All 7 of these patients responded well to ATO and mannitol during reinduction: 5 of them achieved CMR again and stayed free of relapse; 2 died after withdrawing treatment 3 to 5 months after their second or third remission. One 6-year-old female patient was nonresponsive to induction treatment after 49 days and later received ATRA and ATO alternative therapy. She died 15 months after the start of therapy. Eventually, the mean 5-year overall survival rate for all 17 patients was 82.4%. The mean 5-year event-free survival rate for all patients was 52.9%. At the time of the last follow-up appointment, all patients remained in generally good health without signs of chronic arsenic intoxication or second malignancy. Figure 1 Elemental arsenic levels in patient-paired blood and CSF samples measured during induction treatment.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Bloodarrow_drop_down
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    Blood
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2014
    Data sources: PubMed Central
    Blood
    Article . 2014
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Bloodarrow_drop_down
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      Blood
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      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2014
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      Blood
      Article . 2014
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    Authors: Carrier, Marie-Eve; Kwakkenbos, Linda; Boutron, Isabelle; Welling, Joep; +7 Authors

    Background: Significant functional impairment of the hands is nearly universal in systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma). Hand exercises may improve hand function, but developing, testing and disseminating rehabilitation interventions in SSc is challenging. The Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) was established to address this issue and has developed an online hand exercise program to improve hand function for SSc patients (SPIN-HAND). The aim of the proposed feasibility trial is to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a full-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the SPIN-HAND intervention. Design and methods: The SPIN-HAND feasibility trial will be conducted via the SPIN Cohort. The SPIN Cohort was developed as a framework for embedded pragmatic trials using the cohort multiple RCT design. In total, 40 English-speaking SPIN Cohort participants with at least mild hand function limitations (Cochin Hand Function Scale ≥3) and an indicated interest in using an online hand-exercise intervention will be randomized with a 1:1 ratio to be offered to use the SPIN-HAND program or usual care for 3 months. The primary aim is to evaluate the trial implementation processes, required resources and management, scientific aspects, and participant acceptability and usage of the SPIN-HAND program. Discussion: The SPIN-HAND exercise program is a self-help tool that may improve hand function in patients with SSc. The SPIN-HAND feasibility trial will ensure that trial methodology is robust, feasible, and consistent with trial participant expectations. The results will guide adjustments that need to be implemented before undertaking a full-scale RCT of the SPIN-HAND program. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03092024. Canadian Institutes of Health Research(undefined)

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    Other literature type . 2017
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    Article . 2018
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    NARCIS
    Article . 2018
    Data sources: NARCIS
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      Radboud Repository
      Article . 2018
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      NARCIS
      Article . 2018
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    Authors: Wong, Jorge A.; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Sandhu, Roopinder K.; Conen, David; +1 Authors

    Increased parity is independently associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in large observational studies.1 Although CVD is a strong risk factor for the development of atrial fibrillation (AF),2 little is known about the relationship between parity and AF risk. To address these gaps in knowledge, and given the significant impact AF has in women, we sought to examine the relationship between parity and AF in a large cohort of women free of CVD and AF at baseline within the WHS (Women’s Health Study). WHS began as a randomized trial examining the use of aspirin versus placebo for the primary prevention of CVD and cancer.3 The study enrolled 39 876 women aged ≥45 years without CVD or any major illness. Development of prespecified health outcomes, and updated demographic, lifestyle, and CVD risk factor information were captured in annual questionnaires. The randomized trial was completed in March 2004, and subjects were invited to participate in observational follow-up. Women reported their number of pregnancies lasting at least 6 months in duration at baseline and incident AF events beginning at 48 months and …

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    Circulation
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2017
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    Circulation
    Article . 2017
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    Authors: Tume, LN; Woolfall, K; Arch, B; Roper, L; +14 Authors

    The routine measurement of gastric residual volume to guide the initiation and delivery of enteral feeding is widespread in paediatric intensive care and neonatal units, but has little underlying evidence to support it.To answer the question: is a trial of no gastric residual volume measurement feasible in UK paediatric intensive care units and neonatal units?A mixed-methods study involving five linked work packages in two parallel arms: neonatal units and paediatric intensive care units. Work package 1: a survey of units to establish current UK practice. Work package 2: qualitative interviews with health-care professionals and caregivers of children admitted to either setting. Work package 3: a modified two-round e-Delphi survey to investigate health-care professionals' opinions on trial design issues and to obtain consensus on outcomes. Work package 4: examination of national databases to determine the potential eligible populations. Work package 5: two consensus meetings of health-care professionals and parents to review the data and agree consensus on outcomes that had not reached consensus in the e-Delphi study.Parents of children with experience of ventilation and tube feeding in both neonatal units and paediatric intensive care units, and health-care professionals working in neonatal units and paediatric intensive care units.Baseline surveys showed that the practice of gastric residual volume measurement was very common (96% in paediatric intensive care units and 65% in neonatal units). Ninety per cent of parents from both neonatal units and paediatric intensive care units supported a future trial, while highlighting concerns around possible delays in detecting complications. Health-care professionals also indicated that a trial was feasible, with 84% of staff willing to participate in a trial. Concerns expressed by junior nurses about the intervention arm of not measuring gastric residual volumes were addressed by developing a simple flow chart and education package. The trial design survey and e-Delphi study gained consensus on 12 paediatric intensive care unit and nine neonatal unit outcome measures, and identified acceptable inclusion and exclusion criteria. Given the differences in physiology, disease processes, environments, staffing and outcomes of interest, two different trials are required in the two settings. Database analyses subsequently showed that trials were feasible in both settings in terms of patient numbers. Of 16,222 children who met the inclusion criteria in paediatric intensive care units, 12,629 stayed for 3 days. In neonatal units, 15,375 neonates 32 weeks of age met the inclusion criteria. Finally, the two consensus meetings demonstrated 'buy-in' from the wider UK neonatal communities and paediatric intensive care units, and enabled us to discuss and vote on the outcomes that did not achieve consensus in the e-Delphi study.Two separate UK trials (one in neonatal units and one in paediatric intensive care units) are feasible to conduct, but they cannot be combined as a result of differences in outcome measures and treatment protocols, reflecting the distinctness of the two specialties.Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN42110505.This project was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment programme and will be published in full inNurses looking after babies and children on intensive care units in the UK usually pass a tube and aspirate whatever food or fluid is in the baby’s stomach before they give a feed. The idea is to ensure that the stomach is not overdistended with food and prevent the baby vomiting or, worse, aspirating food into the lungs. However, there is little justification for this practice. It is rarely done in many other countries. It may not be pleasant for the child and perhaps is unnecessary. Some experts have suggested that the policy should be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. This would mean allocating a large number of children at random to either have the stomach aspirated before feeds, or not. Such a trial would be a major undertaking and we are unsure if parents or staff would be willing to allow children to participate. The aim of this study was to see if it is possible to conduct such a large trial in the UK. Two surveys (of 119 units) showed us that regularly measuring the stomach contents when starting and increasing feeds is common practice for both newborn and older children in UK intensive care units. However, in some countries, such as France, this practice is rarely done. We asked 31 parents and 51 health-care professionals about a future study. Overall, parents were supportive of a trial if it was explained to them well by a knowledgeable and caring professional, and if they were approached at the right time. Some concerns were expressed about not picking up complications early if gastric residual volume was not measured. Health-care professionals were also mainly positive about a future trial, but mentioned similar concerns about not picking up complications early and the difficulty of changing a long-standing routine practice. Parents suggested study outcomes that were important to them. These, along with other outcomes, were voted on in a further survey of 106 professionals and at face-to-face meetings involving 41 participants. Overall, our findings suggest that a trial is feasible to perform and acceptable to parents. However, because of differences in both treatments and important outcomes between children’s intensive care units and newborn baby intensive care units, two trials would be needed, one in each type of intensive care unit. These two trials will test whether or not the benefits of not measuring gastric residual volume (e.g. improved calorie intake) outweigh the potential harms (e.g. delayed diagnosis of complications).

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    Health Technology Assessment
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    Other literature type . 2020
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      e-Prints Soton
      Article . 2020
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    Authors: Motahareh Vameghestahbanati; Miranda Kirby; François Maltais; Dennis Jensen; +20 Authors
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    Authors: Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy; David Moher; Marilena Loizidou; Irfan Ahmed; +14 Authors

    BackgroundOnly a small proportion of preclinical research (research performed in animal models prior to clinical trials in humans) translates into clinical benefit in humans. Possible reasons for the lack of translation of the results observed in preclinical research into human clinical benefit include the design, conduct, and reporting of preclinical studies. There is currently no formal domain-based assessment of the clinical relevance of preclinical research. To address this issue, we have developed a tool for the assessment of the clinical relevance of preclinical studies, with the intention of assessing the likelihood that therapeutic preclinical findings can be translated into improvement in the management of human diseases.MethodsWe searched the EQUATOR network for guidelines that describe the design, conduct, and reporting of preclinical research. We searched the references of these guidelines to identify further relevant publications and developed a set of domains and signalling questions. We then conducted a modified Delphi-consensus to refine and develop the tool. The Delphi panel members included specialists in evidence-based (preclinical) medicine specialists, methodologists, preclinical animal researchers, a veterinarian, and clinical researchers. A total of 20 Delphi-panel members completed the first round and 17 members from five countries completed all three rounds.ResultsThis tool has eight domains (construct validity, external validity, risk of bias, experimental design and data analysis plan, reproducibility and replicability of methods and results in the same model, research integrity, and research transparency) and a total of 28 signalling questions and provides a framework for researchers, journal editors, grant funders, and regulatory authorities to assess the potential clinical relevance of preclinical animal research.ConclusionWe have developed a tool to assess the clinical relevance of preclinical studies. This tool is currently being piloted.

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    Article . 2021
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    Authors: Magee, Laura A;

    Primary research question: For pregnant women with non-severe, non-proteinuric maternal hypertension at 14-33 weeks, will 'less tight' control (target diastolic blood pressure [dBP] of 100 mmHg) versus 'tight' control (target dBP of 85 mmHg) increase (or decrease) the likelihood of pregnancy loss or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission for greater than 48 hours? Secondary research question: Will 'less tight' versus 'tight' control increase (or decrease) the likelihood of serious maternal complications? Other research questions: Will 'less tight' versus 'tight' control: 1. Increase (or decrease) the likelihood of serious perinatal complications? 2. Increase (or decrease) the likelihood of severe hypertension and pre-eclampsia? 3. Increase (or decrease) the likelihood of maternal satisfaction with care? 4. Result in significant changes in dBP or health care costs? Treatment Allocation: Eligible women will be randomised centrally to either 'less tight' control (aiming for dBP of 100mmHg) or 'tight' control (aiming for dBP of 85mmHg) of their hypertension. Randomisation will be stratified by centre and type of hypertension (pre-existing or gestational). - In the 'less tight' control group, if dBP is ≥105mmHg, then antihypertensive medication must be started or increased in dose. - In the 'tight' control group, if dBP is ≤80mmHg, then antihypertensive medication must be decreased in dose or discontinued. - In both groups, centres will provide their usual care. Data will be collected on potential co-interventions (e.g., hospitalisation, bedrest). Outcomes: Primary: Pregnancy loss (miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy termination, stillbirth, or neonatal death) or high level neonatal care for >48 hours in the first 28 days of life or prior to primary hospital discharge, whichever is later. Secondary: One/more serious maternal complication(s) until six weeks postpartum. Follow-up: Compliance (dBP and antihypertensive dose) will be assessed within 4 weeks of randomisation. Outcome data will be collected during the woman's (and baby's) hospital stay for birth (or loss). Women will be contacted 6 to 12 weeks after delivery (or loss) and, for preterm babies, when the baby is at 36 weeks corrected gestational age to enquire about satisfaction with care and any major maternal/neonatal morbidity following hospital discharge. The investigators do not know which approach to treatment of non-severe high blood pressure in pregnancy is better for women and babies. In the CHIPS Trial, the investigators seek to determine whether 'less tight' control (aiming for a diastolic blood pressure [dBP] of 100 mmHg), compared with 'tight' control (aiming for a diastolic blood pressure [dBP] of 85 mmHg) can decrease the risks of adverse baby outcomes without increasing the risk of problems for the mother.

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    OpenTrials
    Clinical Trial . 2010
    Data sources: OpenTrials
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      OpenTrials
      Clinical Trial . 2010
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Schaefer, Sydney Y.; Hooyman, Andrew; Duff, Kevin;

    Affordable, noninvasive methods of predicting functional decline are needed for individuals at risk for Alzheimer’s disease. This study tested whether a timed upper-extremity motor task predicted functional decline over one year in 79 adults diagnosed with amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Participants completed subjective and objective measures of daily functioning at baseline and one year later. Motor task performance and delayed memory were also evaluated at baseline. Motor task performance was a significant predictor of one-year follow-up daily functioning, improving model fits by 18– 35%. Thus, motor behavior has potential to be an affordable enrichment strategy that is sensitive to functional decline.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2020
    Data sources: PubMed Central
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2020
      Data sources: PubMed Central
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Onima Chowdhury; Hannah Bruguier; Garry Mallett; Nikolaos Sousos; +12 Authors
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2021
    Data sources: PubMed Central
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    British Journal of Haematology
    Article
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: UnpayWall
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 2021
      Data sources: PubMed Central
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      British Journal of Haematology
      Article
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: UnpayWall
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/