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340 Research products

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Alexander, Nicolle;

    More than two decades after its introduction, neoliberal ideology has increasingly created a class and race-based gap in relation to student achievement in Ontario’s education system. Due to market-based rhetoric shaping policies and legislation, schools are increasingly encouraging students to adhere to the demands of a newly globalized world with a focus on the economy, regardless of their background. This study aims to analyze the presence of neoliberal reforms in Ontario’s education system through decisions made in government from Mike Harris’ in 1995 to the present Doug Ford administration. Specifically, I investigate how the so-called knowledge economy has produced a system that enables students deemed marketable, often from middle- and upper-class white backgrounds, and disables non-marketable students, most often the working poor and the working class, and racial and ethnic minorities, through funding cuts, heightened accountability, and standardized testing. By evaluating Ministry of Education policy documents and documents for both Conservative Premier campaigns, I analyzed the rhetoric used to introduce, consolidate and solidify neoliberal discourse throughout the past twenty years. The results showed that by simplifying education to quantifiable measures, the education system now measures concepts such as equity and inclusion in schools through standardized testing and monthly reports. Further, the rhetoric used to solidify equity and inclusion within the system focuses more on the presentation of both rather than materializing its action in schools. In order to minimize the current student achievement gap in our education system, funding needs to be focalized in social services cut by our government level to properly re“instate” the intended actions of these policies.

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  • Authors: Raymond, Carla A.;

    Due to a history of malpractice in archaeology, minimally and non-destructive investigative techniques are necessary to protect precious artefacts and mummified remains for the future. Using a combination of established and novel techniques, X-ray computed tomography (CT) and neutron CT, allowed for non-destructive study of IA.2402, an unusual Egyptian votive mummy of unknown age and provenance. These imaging methods revealed a partial skeleton of a small, juvenile cat. Use of both techniques allows for dual contrast and complementary study of bones, soft tissue, and textile components. Neutron CT, never before applied to archaeometric studies of mummified remains, provided valuable insight into wrapping techniques used in the mummification process. Pigment analysis was performed for coloured markings on the wrappings, using a scanning electron microscope and Raman spectroscopy, to determine their composition and authenticity. Protein extraction and analysis was attempted, however was inconclusive of species due to the decayed state of remains. Radiocarbon dates were acquired, and provided quantitative results to compare with morphological observations and conclusions based on partiality of the contents. All techniques were employed to better define and profile the specimen, within its historical context, while causing as little physical disruption as possible.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Edrisy, Mohamed;

    The emergence of commercial FEA solvers was a significant breakthrough that boosted the accuracy and complexity of engineering design. While composite materials are special materials, their mechanical properties can be custom made by considering the needs and requirements of the design problem. Given the rapidly expanding global consumption of composite materials, access to FEA solvers capable of assigning these materials is an absolute requirement.The CATIA software is a platform for designing, analyzing, and manufacturing of parts. However, there is no meaningful documentation in the public domain exploring the finite element functionalities of CATIA software for composite materials. Isotropic materials are used in numerous references investigating the CATIA FEA solver; however, the extension to composite materials has been lacking. The present study investigates two phenomena: (1) the procedure to import composite material properties into the Generative Structural Analysis workbench, and (2) the pre-processing and the post-processing toolbars and functionalities pertaining to this matter. The thesis does not address the CAD modelling aspects of the composites per se since there are many references available concentrating on such issues in the CATIA public literature.The composite models are selected from different scenarios labeled as benchmark problems. The results generated by CATIA’s native FEA solver for the static, dynamic, and buckling cases are compared with other tools available to the engineering community. These tools encompass the Classical Lamination Theory and two commercial CAE codes, known as ABAQUS and ANSYS.

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    Authors: Aaron O'Quinn;
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    Authors: Robert Charles North;
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  • Authors: Mousavi, Seyed H.;
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  • Authors: Elwakeel, Abdelrahman Salaheldin;
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    Authors: Julia Berliant;
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    Authors: Stone, Rachel Marie;

    Monitoring intracranial pressure (ICP) has become an important practice in patients with elevated ICP (e.g., traumatic brain injury) to improve patient outcome. However, little information exists surrounding chronic, but sub-clinical elevations in ICP, which may stem from classic cardiovascular risk factors, such as elevated blood pressure (BP). The current methods to assess ICP are invasive and costly; but optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and blood flow pulsatility (pulsatility index; PI) are promising non-invasive techniques, both of which have been reported to strongly correlate with invasive measures of ICP in pathology. However, the interactions of BP, ONSD and PI in otherwise healthy adults, remains undetermined. Accordingly, the purpose of this investigation was to determine the relationship between ONSD, PI and BP, and to highlight possible sex differences in a population of young healthy adults. Sixteen participants (6 females) underwent assessment of arterial BP, ONSD (left and right eyes) and PI (left common carotid artery) using ultrasound. There was a strong correlation between mean ONSD (left and right eye combined) and PI (R=0.735, p=0.001). There was no significant relationship between PI and BP (R=0.058, p=0.832) or ONSD and BP (R=0.272, p=0.309). Additionally, there was a significant difference between males and females for mean ONSD, whereby males demonstrated a larger diameter (males=0.4860.110 vs. females=0.3530.062cm; p=0.018), but there was no significant difference in PI between males and females (males=2.3630.613 vs. females=1.9500.196; p=0.136). Results of this study confirm the relationship between ONSD and PI in a healthy population. While ICP was not directly assessed in the current study, the strong associations between ONSD and PI suggest that their combined assessment may be employed as a tenable surrogate to non-invasively measure ICP when the invasive measure of ICP is unfeasible.

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    Scholarship at UWindsor
    Thesis . 2022
    License: CC BY
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      Scholarship at UWindsor
      Thesis . 2022
      License: CC BY
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    Authors: Kervazo, Sophie;

    Universite de Lille, McMaster University The main question of this thesis is: do we have today the tools to efficiently describe the structure, the bonding and the thermodynamics of actinide systems? This broad question is answered thanks to three studies. The first two are directly applied to the plastic industry and the nuclear plant safety. The last one, more fundamental, concerns the benchmarking of newly developed theoretical approach on f-element systems. First, actinides and transition metal arene-coordinated alkyl cations have been recently proven to be efficient catalysts for ethylene polymerizations. Interestingly, thorium, uranium and zirconium alkyl cations? catalytic activity depends on the solvent. To understand these behaviors and to confirm the tendency of these complexes to engage in unusual-arene coordination, relativistic DFT calculations combined with a characterization of the interaction thanks to the ETSNOCV method are used. Second, in accident scenario along the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, plutonium can be released in various volatile forms (PuO2, PuO3 or PuO2(OH)2, ...). The exploration of these scenarios by the use of simulations requires, among the various parameters, the knowledge of the thermodynamic properties of the possibly formed elements. Our insilico study focusses on the determination of the enthalpies of formation of the former two species for which experimental uncertainties remain, using multi-configurational relativistic wavefunction method. The last part of the thesis focusses on the benchmark of the B2-PLYP functional for f-element systems, which turns out quite accurate with respect to the experimental data and the gold-standard CCSD(T) method. La question générale traitée dans cette thèse est de déterminer si, aujourd’hui, nous disposons d óutils théoriques efficaces pour d’ écrire la structure, la liaison et les propriétés thermodynamiques de système comprenant un actinide. Cette large question va être abordée à láide de trois études différentes. Les deux premières sont directement liées à l?industrie plastique et à la sureté nucléaire. La dernière, plus fondamentale concerne une analyse comparative d?une approche théorique nouvellement développée sur des systèmes comprenant des éléments f. Tout dábord, les cations alkyles contenant un actinide (Th, U) ou un métal de transition (Zr) coordonné à un arène se sont révélés efficaces pour la catalyse de la synthèse du polyéthylène. étonnamment, les activités catalytiques des cations alkyles dépendent du solvant. Pour comprendre cela et confirmer la tendance quónt ces complexes à se lier à l?arène, une étude en DFT dans un contexte relativiste combinée à une caractérisation de liaison avec la méthode ETS-NOCV fut faite. La deuxième étude vise à étoffer les bases de données thermodynamiques qui servent à explorer numériquement les scénarios d?accidents. Notre étude in silico porte sur la détermination des enthalpies de formation des deux espèces pour lesquelles des incertitudes expérimentales subsistent (PuO3 ou PuO2(OH)2, ...), en utilisant une méthode quantique multiconfigurationnelle et relativiste. La dernière partie de la théorie se concentre sur l?estimation de la précision de la fonctionnelle B2-PLYP pour les éléments f, qui sávère assez précise en comparaison aux données expérimentales et à la méthode de référence CCSD(T). Thesis Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

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    MacSphere
    Thesis . 2018
    Data sources: MacSphere
    Hal-Diderot
    Doctoral thesis . 2018
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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      MacSphere
      Thesis . 2018
      Data sources: MacSphere
      Hal-Diderot
      Doctoral thesis . 2018
      Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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340 Research products
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Alexander, Nicolle;

    More than two decades after its introduction, neoliberal ideology has increasingly created a class and race-based gap in relation to student achievement in Ontario’s education system. Due to market-based rhetoric shaping policies and legislation, schools are increasingly encouraging students to adhere to the demands of a newly globalized world with a focus on the economy, regardless of their background. This study aims to analyze the presence of neoliberal reforms in Ontario’s education system through decisions made in government from Mike Harris’ in 1995 to the present Doug Ford administration. Specifically, I investigate how the so-called knowledge economy has produced a system that enables students deemed marketable, often from middle- and upper-class white backgrounds, and disables non-marketable students, most often the working poor and the working class, and racial and ethnic minorities, through funding cuts, heightened accountability, and standardized testing. By evaluating Ministry of Education policy documents and documents for both Conservative Premier campaigns, I analyzed the rhetoric used to introduce, consolidate and solidify neoliberal discourse throughout the past twenty years. The results showed that by simplifying education to quantifiable measures, the education system now measures concepts such as equity and inclusion in schools through standardized testing and monthly reports. Further, the rhetoric used to solidify equity and inclusion within the system focuses more on the presentation of both rather than materializing its action in schools. In order to minimize the current student achievement gap in our education system, funding needs to be focalized in social services cut by our government level to properly re“instate” the intended actions of these policies.

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  • Authors: Raymond, Carla A.;

    Due to a history of malpractice in archaeology, minimally and non-destructive investigative techniques are necessary to protect precious artefacts and mummified remains for the future. Using a combination of established and novel techniques, X-ray computed tomography (CT) and neutron CT, allowed for non-destructive study of IA.2402, an unusual Egyptian votive mummy of unknown age and provenance. These imaging methods revealed a partial skeleton of a small, juvenile cat. Use of both techniques allows for dual contrast and complementary study of bones, soft tissue, and textile components. Neutron CT, never before applied to archaeometric studies of mummified remains, provided valuable insight into wrapping techniques used in the mummification process. Pigment analysis was performed for coloured markings on the wrappings, using a scanning electron microscope and Raman spectroscopy, to determine their composition and authenticity. Protein extraction and analysis was attempted, however was inconclusive of species due to the decayed state of remains. Radiocarbon dates were acquired, and provided quantitative results to compare with morphological observations and conclusions based on partiality of the contents. All techniques were employed to better define and profile the specimen, within its historical context, while causing as little physical disruption as possible.

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    Authors: Edrisy, Mohamed;

    The emergence of commercial FEA solvers was a significant breakthrough that boosted the accuracy and complexity of engineering design. While composite materials are special materials, their mechanical properties can be custom made by considering the needs and requirements of the design problem. Given the rapidly expanding global consumption of composite materials, access to FEA solvers capable of assigning these materials is an absolute requirement.The CATIA software is a platform for designing, analyzing, and manufacturing of parts. However, there is no meaningful documentation in the public domain exploring the finite element functionalities of CATIA software for composite materials. Isotropic materials are used in numerous references investigating the CATIA FEA solver; however, the extension to composite materials has been lacking. The present study investigates two phenomena: (1) the procedure to import composite material properties into the Generative Structural Analysis workbench, and (2) the pre-processing and the post-processing toolbars and functionalities pertaining to this matter. The thesis does not address the CAD modelling aspects of the composites per se since there are many references available concentrating on such issues in the CATIA public literature.The composite models are selected from different scenarios labeled as benchmark problems. The results generated by CATIA’s native FEA solver for the static, dynamic, and buckling cases are compared with other tools available to the engineering community. These tools encompass the Classical Lamination Theory and two commercial CAE codes, known as ABAQUS and ANSYS.

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    Authors: Aaron O'Quinn;
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    Authors: Robert Charles North;
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  • Authors: Mousavi, Seyed H.;
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  • Authors: Elwakeel, Abdelrahman Salaheldin;
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    Authors: Julia Berliant;
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