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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Vahid Khorasani Ghassab; Kamal Maanicshah; Nizar Bouguila; Paul Green;

    In this paper, we propose a novel framework for replacing advertisement contents in soccer videos with an automatic way by using deep learning strategies. We begin by applying UNET (an image segmentation convolutional neural network technique) for content segmentation and detection. Subsequently, after reconstructing the segmented content in the video frames (considering the apparent loss in detection), we will replace the unwanted content by new one using a homography mapping procedure. Furthermore, the replacement key points in each frame will be tracked into the next frames considering the camera zoom-in and zoom-out controlling. Since the movement of objects in video can disrupt the alignment between frames and correspondingly make the homography matrix calculation erroneous, we use Mask R-CNN to mask and remove the moving objects from the scene. Such framework is denominated as REP-Model which stands for a replacing model.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.1109/ism.20...
    Conference object . 2020
    License: IEEE Copyright
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.1109/ism.20...
      Conference object . 2020
      License: IEEE Copyright
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Lufei Jia; Edward J. Anthony; Ivan Lau; Jinsheng Wang;

    Ignition tests were conducted with delayed and fluid petroleum cokes, a high volatile bituminous coal and their blends in bench- and pilot-scale fluidized bed combustors. In the bench-scale FBC tests, a visual inspection ignition criterion was developed based on the ‘CO–CO2’ profiles obtained as a function of time and bed temperature. In the pilot-scale unit, the rapid increase in SO2 levels was used as the indicator of fuel ignition. In addition to the fluidized bed ignition tests, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements were made on all fuels and their chars. The results showed that, while the fluid coke (which has the lowest volatile content) was the most difficult to ignite, ignition was not a simple function of volatile content. Further, different test methods and ignition criteria demonstrated significantly different ignition temperatures, with the largest variation arising between bench- and pilot-scale equipment. Finally, tests on mixtures of petroleum coke and coal showed that there was no interaction between these two fuels, and that the coke ignited only when it achieved its own ignition temperature.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Fuelarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Article . 2006
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Fuelarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Article . 2006
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  • Authors: M. F. Khan; Brooklynn M. Knowles; Christopher R. Dennison; M. S. Ghoraishi; +1 Authors

    Resonating strings have shown promise in a variety of applications including micron-scale mass and temperature sensors. We present microchannel string resonators (MSRs) which have resonance frequency modulated by the internal gauge pressure of silicon nitride microchannels sitting atop the strings. We present an analytical model to predict the pressure sensitivity (Hz/kPa) of the first resonance frequency as well as experimental results for three identical MSRs. While the highest experimental sensitivity of one of the resonators is 5.19 Hz/kPa (0.5 Hz/mbar), the analytical model suggests sensitivity could increase by two orders of magnitude if the microchannels are fabricated at nanometer scale with a length of 10 μm, a channel width of 600 nm, and a channel thickness of 50 nm. The average pressure resolution of the sensors is 0.4 kPa. These results are for a calibrated range of pressure from 50 kPa to 100 kPa (500 mbar to 1000 mbar). However, the analytical model shows that resonance frequency is a linear function of pressure over a range of several MPa, suggesting that the microchannel resonators could have a pressure sensing range (dynamic range) suitable for many applications.

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  • Authors: Yanfei Huang; Yan Zhang; Xinying Li; Jinjun Liu; +1 Authors

    For single-phase DC-AC power conversion, power decoupling is always required due to the existence of double-line-frequency ripple caused by the instantaneous unbalanced power between AC and DC side. The typical power decoupling method utilizes a large electrolytic capacitor and consequently increases the passive components requirement. The active power decoupling scheme introduces an additional low power converter to compensate the ripple, which inevitably increases the system cost and control complexity. To overcome these drawbacks, this paper proposes a novel suppression method based on three-level topology. By optimizing the capacitance design and improved control algorithm, the instantaneous unbalanced power is dynamically redistributed between two series connected intermediate capacitors in order to make the capacitor voltage ripple complementary to each other. Thus the de-link voltage ripple can be reduced to a large extent. Simulation verifies the correctness and effectiveness of the new suppression method.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: S R, Thompson; U, Ackermann; R L, Horner;

    Sleep exerts major effects on most fundamental homeostatic mechanisms. Current data suggest, however, that students of physiology and medicine typically receive little or no formal teaching in sleep. Because sleep takes up a significant component of our life span, it is proposed that current teaching in systems and integrative physiology is not representative if it is confined to functions describing wakefulness only. We propose that sleep can be readily integrated into various components of physiology and medical curricula simply by emphasizing how commonly taught physiological processes are importantly affected by sleep mechanisms. In our experience, this approach can be used to reinforce basic physiological principles while simultaneously introducing sleep physiology into the students’ training. We find that students have a general and inherent interest in sleep and related clinical disorders, and this proves useful as an effective means to teach the material. In this paper, examples of how sleep influences motor control and the respiratory system will illustrate these points. These considerations also highlight some important gaps in traditional teaching of respiratory physiology.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Advances in Physiolo...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Advances in Physiolo...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • Authors: Chandrika P. Vyasarayani; John McPhee; Stephen Birkett;

    In this work, we discuss the limitations of the existing collocation-based coefficient of restitution method for simulating impacts in continuous systems. We propose a new method for modeling the impact dynamics of continuous systems based on the unit impulse response. The developed method allows one to relate modal velocity initial conditions before and after impact without requiring the integration of the system equations of motion during impact. The proposed method has been used to model the impact of a pinned-pinned beam with a rigid obstacle. Numerical simulations are presented to illustrate the inability of the collocation-based coefficient of restitution method to predict an accurate and energy-consistent response. We also compare the results obtained by unit impulse-based coefficient of restitution method with a penalty approach.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Peter M. Huck; Bradley M. Coffey; Monica B. Emelko; Danielle D. Maurizio; +5 Authors
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao American Water Works...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    American Water Works Association
    Article . 2002
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao American Water Works...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      American Water Works Association
      Article . 2002
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  • Authors: Orland Hoeber; Monjur Ul Hasan;
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  • Authors: Ashok K. Mishra; Paulin Coulibaly;

    AbstractHydrologic extremes such as severe storms, floods, and droughts are inherently seasonal in nature and remain the main concern in designing hydrometric networks. In general, hydrometric networks have been designed without paying particular attention to the effect of seasonal streamflow information (SSI) at gauging stations on the efficiency of the hydrometric networks. This paper evaluates the effect of SSI on streamflow networks based on nonparametric implementation of entropy theory using the kernel density approach for estimating the mutual information between gauging stations on a seasonal basis. Overall, it is shown that the SSI of individual stations is season dependent and the efficiency of the streamflow network is also season dependent, therefore the effect of seasonality should be incorporated in future hydrometric network design. This methodology was applied at five river basins in Canada and its role for network design is discussed.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Martin Egozcue; Luis Fuentes García; Wing-Keung Wong; Ričardas Zitikis;

    We study rankings of completely and partially diversified portfolios and also of specialized assets when investors follow so-called Markowitz preferences. It turns out that diversification strategies for Markowitz investors are more complex than in the case of risk-averse and risk-inclined investors, whose investment strategies have been extensively investigated in the literature. In particular, we observe that for Markowitz investors, preferences toward risk vary depending on their sensitivities toward gains and losses. For example, it turns out that, unlike in the case of risk-averse and risk-inclined investors, Markowitz investors might prefer investing their entire wealth in just one asset. This finding helps us to better understand some financial anomalies and puzzles, such as the well known diversification puzzle, which notes that some investors tend to concentrate on investing in only a few assets instead of choosing the seemingly more attractive complete diversification.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao European Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    European Journal of Operational Research
    Article . 2011
    License: Elsevier TDM
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    SSRN Electronic Journal
    Article . 2010
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao European Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      European Journal of Operational Research
      Article . 2011
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      Article . 2010
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267,716 Research products
  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Vahid Khorasani Ghassab; Kamal Maanicshah; Nizar Bouguila; Paul Green;

    In this paper, we propose a novel framework for replacing advertisement contents in soccer videos with an automatic way by using deep learning strategies. We begin by applying UNET (an image segmentation convolutional neural network technique) for content segmentation and detection. Subsequently, after reconstructing the segmented content in the video frames (considering the apparent loss in detection), we will replace the unwanted content by new one using a homography mapping procedure. Furthermore, the replacement key points in each frame will be tracked into the next frames considering the camera zoom-in and zoom-out controlling. Since the movement of objects in video can disrupt the alignment between frames and correspondingly make the homography matrix calculation erroneous, we use Mask R-CNN to mask and remove the moving objects from the scene. Such framework is denominated as REP-Model which stands for a replacing model.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.1109/ism.20...
    Conference object . 2020
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.1109/ism.20...
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Lufei Jia; Edward J. Anthony; Ivan Lau; Jinsheng Wang;

    Ignition tests were conducted with delayed and fluid petroleum cokes, a high volatile bituminous coal and their blends in bench- and pilot-scale fluidized bed combustors. In the bench-scale FBC tests, a visual inspection ignition criterion was developed based on the ‘CO–CO2’ profiles obtained as a function of time and bed temperature. In the pilot-scale unit, the rapid increase in SO2 levels was used as the indicator of fuel ignition. In addition to the fluidized bed ignition tests, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements were made on all fuels and their chars. The results showed that, while the fluid coke (which has the lowest volatile content) was the most difficult to ignite, ignition was not a simple function of volatile content. Further, different test methods and ignition criteria demonstrated significantly different ignition temperatures, with the largest variation arising between bench- and pilot-scale equipment. Finally, tests on mixtures of petroleum coke and coal showed that there was no interaction between these two fuels, and that the coke ignited only when it achieved its own ignition temperature.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Fuelarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Article . 2006
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Fuelarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • Authors: M. F. Khan; Brooklynn M. Knowles; Christopher R. Dennison; M. S. Ghoraishi; +1 Authors

    Resonating strings have shown promise in a variety of applications including micron-scale mass and temperature sensors. We present microchannel string resonators (MSRs) which have resonance frequency modulated by the internal gauge pressure of silicon nitride microchannels sitting atop the strings. We present an analytical model to predict the pressure sensitivity (Hz/kPa) of the first resonance frequency as well as experimental results for three identical MSRs. While the highest experimental sensitivity of one of the resonators is 5.19 Hz/kPa (0.5 Hz/mbar), the analytical model suggests sensitivity could increase by two orders of magnitude if the microchannels are fabricated at nanometer scale with a length of 10 μm, a channel width of 600 nm, and a channel thickness of 50 nm. The average pressure resolution of the sensors is 0.4 kPa. These results are for a calibrated range of pressure from 50 kPa to 100 kPa (500 mbar to 1000 mbar). However, the analytical model shows that resonance frequency is a linear function of pressure over a range of several MPa, suggesting that the microchannel resonators could have a pressure sensing range (dynamic range) suitable for many applications.

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  • Authors: Yanfei Huang; Yan Zhang; Xinying Li; Jinjun Liu; +1 Authors

    For single-phase DC-AC power conversion, power decoupling is always required due to the existence of double-line-frequency ripple caused by the instantaneous unbalanced power between AC and DC side. The typical power decoupling method utilizes a large electrolytic capacitor and consequently increases the passive components requirement. The active power decoupling scheme introduces an additional low power converter to compensate the ripple, which inevitably increases the system cost and control complexity. To overcome these drawbacks, this paper proposes a novel suppression method based on three-level topology. By optimizing the capacitance design and improved control algorithm, the instantaneous unbalanced power is dynamically redistributed between two series connected intermediate capacitors in order to make the capacitor voltage ripple complementary to each other. Thus the de-link voltage ripple can be reduced to a large extent. Simulation verifies the correctness and effectiveness of the new suppression method.

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    Authors: S R, Thompson; U, Ackermann; R L, Horner;

    Sleep exerts major effects on most fundamental homeostatic mechanisms. Current data suggest, however, that students of physiology and medicine typically receive little or no formal teaching in sleep. Because sleep takes up a significant component of our life span, it is proposed that current teaching in systems and integrative physiology is not representative if it is confined to functions describing wakefulness only. We propose that sleep can be readily integrated into various components of physiology and medical curricula simply by emphasizing how commonly taught physiological processes are importantly affected by sleep mechanisms. In our experience, this approach can be used to reinforce basic physiological principles while simultaneously introducing sleep physiology into the students’ training. We find that students have a general and inherent interest in sleep and related clinical disorders, and this proves useful as an effective means to teach the material. In this paper, examples of how sleep influences motor control and the respiratory system will illustrate these points. These considerations also highlight some important gaps in traditional teaching of respiratory physiology.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Advances in Physiolo...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Advances in Physiolo...arrow_drop_down
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  • Authors: Chandrika P. Vyasarayani; John McPhee; Stephen Birkett;

    In this work, we discuss the limitations of the existing collocation-based coefficient of restitution method for simulating impacts in continuous systems. We propose a new method for modeling the impact dynamics of continuous systems based on the unit impulse response. The developed method allows one to relate modal velocity initial conditions before and after impact without requiring the integration of the system equations of motion during impact. The proposed method has been used to model the impact of a pinned-pinned beam with a rigid obstacle. Numerical simulations are presented to illustrate the inability of the collocation-based coefficient of restitution method to predict an accurate and energy-consistent response. We also compare the results obtained by unit impulse-based coefficient of restitution method with a penalty approach.