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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Lise Courbis; Ruth Murray; Sylvie Arnavielhe; Davide Caimmi; Anna Bedbrook; Michiel van Eerd; Govert De Vries; Gérard Dray; Ioana Agache; Mário Morais-Almeida; +32 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Finland, Turkey, France, Greece

    Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) management has changed in recent years following the switch from the concept of disease severity to the concept of disease control, publication of the AR clinical decision support system (CDSS) and development of mobile health (m-health) tools for patients (eg Allergy Diary). The Allergy Diary Companion app for healthcare providers is currently being developed and will be launched in 2018. It incorporates the AR CDSS to provide evidence-based treatment recommendations, linking all key stakeholders in AR management. Objective: To produce an electronic version of the AR CDSS (e-CDSS) for incorporation into the Allergy Diary Companion, to describe the app interfaces used to collect information necessary to inform the e-CDSS and to summarize some key features of the Allergy Diary Companion. Methods: The steps involved in producing the e-CDSS and incorporating it into the Allergy Diary Companion were (a) generation of treatment management scenarios; (b) expert consensus on treatment recommendations; (c) generation of electronic decisional algorithms to describe all AR CDSS scenarios; (d) digitization of these algorithms to form the e-CDSS; and (e) embedding the e-CDSS into the app to permit easy user e-CDSS interfacing. Results: Key experts in the AR field agreed on the AR CDSS approach to AR management and on specific treatment recommendations provided by Allergy Diary Companion. Based on this consensus, decision processes were developed and programmed into the Allergy Diary Companion using Titanium Appcelerator (JavaScript) for IOS tablets. To our knowledge, this is the first time the development of any m-health tool has been described in this transparent and detailed way, providing confidence, not only in the app, but also in the provided management recommendations. Conclusion: The Allergy Diary Companion for providers provides guideline and expert-endorsed AR management recommendations. [MASK paper No 32]. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Konark Malhotra; Nitin Goyal; Aristeidis H. Katsanos; Angeliki Filippatou; Eva Mistry; Pooja Khatri; Mohammad Anadani; Alejandro M Spiotta; Else Charlotte Sandset; Amrou Sarraj; +9 more

    Limited data exist evaluating the effect of blood pressure (BP) on clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT). We sought to evaluate the association of BP levels on clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion treated with MT. Studies were identified that reported the association of systolic BP (SBP) or diastolic BP levels before, during, or after MT on the outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with MT. Unadjusted and adjusted analyses of studies reporting odds ratios (OR adj ) per 10 mm Hg BP increment were performed. Our analysis included 25 studies comprising 6474 patients. Higher pre-MT mean SBP ( P =0.008) and post-MT maximum SBP ( P =0.009) levels were observed in patients who died within 3 months. Patients with 3-month functional independence were noted to have lower pre-MT ( P <0.001) and post-MT maximum SBP levels ( P <0.001). In adjusted analyses, increasing post-MT maximum SBP and diastolic BP levels were associated with 3-month mortality (OR adj , 1.19 [95% CI,1.00–1.43]; I 2 =78%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.001) and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (OR adj , 1.65 [95% CI, 1.11–2.44]; I 2 =0%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.80), respectively. Increasing pre- and post-MT mean SBP levels were associated with lower odds of 3-month functional independence (OR adj , 0.86 [95% CI, 0.77–0.96]; I 2 =18%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.30) and (OR adj , 0.80 [95% CI, 0.72–0.89]; I 2 =0%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.51), respectively. In conclusion, elevated BP levels before and after MT are associated with adverse outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Fergus J. Couch; Kyriaki Michailidou; Gustavo Mendoza-Fandiño; Janna Lilyquist; Emily Hallberg; Simona Agata; Christine B. Ambrosone; Irene L. Andrulis; Hoda Anton-Culver; Volker Arndt; +194 more
    Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi
    Countries: Norway, Spain, Finland, China (People's Republic of), United Kingdom, United States, United Kingdom, Denmark, Spain, United Kingdom ...
    Project: NWO | Secure and gentle grip of... (11477), WT , NIH | Discovery Expansion and R... (5U19CA148065-04), NIH | Follow-up of Ovarian Canc... (3U19CA148112-04S1), EC | COGS (223175), CIHR , NIH | A genome-wide association... (5R01CA128978-02), NIH | Elucidating Loci Involved... (5U19CA148537-02)

    Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome-wide significant associations (P<5 × 10(-8)) with oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated breast cancer risk. In this study, to identify new ER-negative susceptibility loci, we performed a meta-analysis of 11 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) consisting of 4,939 ER-negative cases and 14,352 controls, combined with 7,333 ER-negative cases and 42,468 controls and 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers genotyped on the iCOGS array. We identify four previously unidentified loci including two loci at 13q22 near KLF5, a 2p23.2 locus near WDR43 and a 2q33 locus near PPIL3 that display genome-wide significant associations with ER-negative breast cancer. In addition, 19 known breast cancer risk loci have genome-wide significant associations and 40 had moderate associations (P<0.05) with ER-negative disease. Using functional and eQTL studies we implicate TRMT61B and WDR43 at 2p23.2 and PPIL3 at 2q33 in ER-negative breast cancer aetiology. All ER-negative loci combined account for ∼11% of familial relative risk for ER-negative disease and may contribute to improved ER-negative and BRCA1 breast cancer risk prediction. B.C.A.C. was funded through a European Community Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement no 223175 (HEALTH-F2-2009-223175; COGS); Cancer Research UK (C1287/A10118, C1287/A10710, C12292/A11174, C1281/A12014, C5047/A8384, C5047/A15007, C5047/A10692); the National Institutes of Health Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Breast Cancer (CA116201), R01 grants (CA128978, CA176785, CA192393), and Post-Cancer GWAS initiative (1U19 CA148537, 1U19 CA148065 and 1U19 CA148112 - the GAME-ON initiative); the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) for the CIHR Team in Familial Risks of Breast Cancer, the Breast Cancer Res. Foundation, and the Ovarian Cancer Research Fund. CIMBA genotyping was supported by National Institutes of Health grant (CA128978); the Department of Defence (W81XWH-10-1-0341); and the Breast Cancer Res. Foundation. CIMBA data management and data analysis were supported by Cancer Research UK grants C12292/A11174 and C1287/A10118. This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Nature Publishing Group via http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11375

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Preprint . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Rok Roškar; Davide Fiacconi; Lucio Mayer; Stelios Kazantzidis; Thomas R. Quinn; James Wadsley;
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: NSF | Programs on Critical Prob... (1066293), SNSF | Galaxy formation and mass... (152960)

    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 449 (1) ISSN:0035-8711 ISSN:1365-2966 ISSN:1365-8711

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aigars Miezitis; Marika Petrovica;
    Publisher: Ubiquity Press
  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2004
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nicholas D. Alikakos; Giorgio Fusco; Georgia Karali;
    Publisher: Hindawi Limited

    We consider a two-phase system mainly in three dimensions and we examine the coarsening of the spatial distribution, driven by the reduction of interface energy and limited by diffusion as described by the quasistatic Stefan free boundary problem. Under the appropriate scaling we pass rigorously to the limit by taking into account the motion of the centers and the deformation of the spherical shape. We distinguish between two different cases and we derive the classical mean-field model and another continuum limit corresponding to critical density which can be related to a continuity equation obtained recently by Niethammer andOtto. So, the theory of Lifshitz, Slyozov, and Wagner is improved by taking into account the geometry of the spatial distribution.

  • Publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdinov, O.; Abeloos, B.; Aben, R.; Abolins, M.; Abouzeid, O. S.; Abraham, N. L.; Abramowicz, H.; +197 more
    Countries: Italy, Germany, Turkey, Italy, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom, United Kingdom ...

    The performance of the jet trigger for the ATLAS detector at the LHC during the 2011 data taking period is described. During 2011 the LHC provided proton-proton collisions with a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV and heavy ion collisions with a 2.76 TeV per nucleon-nucleon collision energy. The ATLAS trigger is a three level system designed to reduce the rate of events from the 40 MHz nominal maximum bunch crossing rate to the approximate 400 Hz which can be written to offline storage. The ATLAS jet trigger is the primary means for the online selection of events containing jets. Events are accepted by the trigger if they contain one or more jets above some transverse energy threshold. During 2011 data taking the jet trigger was fully efficient for jets with transverse energy above 25 GeV for triggers seeded randomly at Level 1. For triggers which require a jet to be identified at each of the three trigger levels, full efficiency is reached for offline jets with transverse energy above 60 GeV. Jets reconstructed in the Event Filter and corresponding to offline jets with transverse energy greater than 60 GeV, are reconstructed with a resolution in transverse energy of better than 4% in the central region and better than 2.5% in the forward direction. 51 pages plus author list (68 pages total), 29 figures, 4 tables, published version, all figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/TRIG-2012-01/

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jeroen R. Huyghe; Stephanie A. Bien; Tabitha A. Harrison; Hyun Min Kang; Sai Chen; Stephanie L. Schmit; David V. Conti; Conghui Qu; Jihyoun Jeon; Christopher K. Edlund; +176 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, Italy
    Project: WT

    To further dissect the genetic architecture of colorectal cancer (CRC), we performed whole-genome sequencing of 1,439 cases and 720 controls, imputed discovered sequence variants and Haplotype Reference Consortium panel variants into genome-wide association study data, and tested for association in 34,869 cases and 29,051 controls. Findings were followed up in an additional 23,262 cases and 38,296 controls. We discovered a strongly protective 0.3% frequency variant signal at CHD1. In a combined meta-analysis of 125,478 individuals, we identified 40 new independent signals at P<5×10−8, bringing the number of known independent signals for CRC to approximately 100. New signals implicate lower-frequency variants, Krüppel-like factors, Hedgehog signaling, Hippo-YAP signaling, long noncoding RNAs, somatic drivers, and support a role of immune function. Heritability analyses suggest that CRC risk is highly polygenic, and larger, more comprehensive studies enabling rare variant analysis will improve understanding of underlying biology, and impact personalized screening strategies and drug development. Reporting Summary. Further information on experimental design is available in the Life Sciences Reporting Summary linked to this article.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bentham, James; Cesare, Mariachiara Di; Stevens, Gretchen A.; Zhou, Bin; Bixby, Honor; Cowan, Melanie J.; Fortunato, Lea; Bennett, James E.; Danaei, Goodarz; Hajifathalian, Kaveh; +262 more
    Countries: Croatia, United Kingdom, Belgium, Cyprus, Poland, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom ...
    Project: EC | HYPERGENES (201550), WT , WT | A Global Database on Card... (101506)

    Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5–22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3–19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8–144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries. http://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed published version Article

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Louangpradith, Viengsakhone; Phoummalaysith, Bounfeng; Kariya, Tetsuyoshi; Saw, Yu Mon; Yamamoto, Eiko; Hamajima, Nobuyuki;
    Publisher: Nagoya University

    ABSTRACT In Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), reports on disease frequency are very limited. This study aimed to report frequencies of the main cause of admission among inpatients of a tertiary general hospital (Mittaphab Hospital) in Vientiane. Subjects were inpatients who were admitted from January 3 to February 2 in 2017. The dataset were made as a pilot run to establish hospital statistics. The data on sex, age, address (province), dates of admission and discharge, and main diagnosis were collected from paper-based medical charts. International Classification of Diseases 10 was applied for classifying the main diagnosis. During the 1-month period, 1,201 inpatients (637 males and 564 females) were admitted, including 171 (14.2%) aged <20 years and 254 (21.1%) aged ≥60 years. About 20% patients were from outside of Vientiane. Among them, 67.5% (62.5% in males and 73.8% in females) were admitted within 7 days. The main causes with more than 10% in males were injury and poisoning S00-T98 (49.8%), while those in females were injury and poisoning S00-T98 (25.2%), pregnancy and childbirth O00-O99 (19.0%), and diseases of genitourinary system N00-N99 (13.7%). Injury and poisoning S00-T98 among inpatients aged <20 years was 81.8% in males and 59.0% in females. Among those aged 20–59 years, it was 49.9% and 22.4%, and among those aged ≥60 years it was 22.3% and 16.9%, respectively. This is the first report on the frequencies of main diseases among inpatients in Lao PDR. Injury was the first main cause of admission at the tertiary hospital.

search
Include:
The following results are related to Canada. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
2,790 Research products, page 1 of 279
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Lise Courbis; Ruth Murray; Sylvie Arnavielhe; Davide Caimmi; Anna Bedbrook; Michiel van Eerd; Govert De Vries; Gérard Dray; Ioana Agache; Mário Morais-Almeida; +32 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Finland, Turkey, France, Greece

    Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) management has changed in recent years following the switch from the concept of disease severity to the concept of disease control, publication of the AR clinical decision support system (CDSS) and development of mobile health (m-health) tools for patients (eg Allergy Diary). The Allergy Diary Companion app for healthcare providers is currently being developed and will be launched in 2018. It incorporates the AR CDSS to provide evidence-based treatment recommendations, linking all key stakeholders in AR management. Objective: To produce an electronic version of the AR CDSS (e-CDSS) for incorporation into the Allergy Diary Companion, to describe the app interfaces used to collect information necessary to inform the e-CDSS and to summarize some key features of the Allergy Diary Companion. Methods: The steps involved in producing the e-CDSS and incorporating it into the Allergy Diary Companion were (a) generation of treatment management scenarios; (b) expert consensus on treatment recommendations; (c) generation of electronic decisional algorithms to describe all AR CDSS scenarios; (d) digitization of these algorithms to form the e-CDSS; and (e) embedding the e-CDSS into the app to permit easy user e-CDSS interfacing. Results: Key experts in the AR field agreed on the AR CDSS approach to AR management and on specific treatment recommendations provided by Allergy Diary Companion. Based on this consensus, decision processes were developed and programmed into the Allergy Diary Companion using Titanium Appcelerator (JavaScript) for IOS tablets. To our knowledge, this is the first time the development of any m-health tool has been described in this transparent and detailed way, providing confidence, not only in the app, but also in the provided management recommendations. Conclusion: The Allergy Diary Companion for providers provides guideline and expert-endorsed AR management recommendations. [MASK paper No 32]. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Konark Malhotra; Nitin Goyal; Aristeidis H. Katsanos; Angeliki Filippatou; Eva Mistry; Pooja Khatri; Mohammad Anadani; Alejandro M Spiotta; Else Charlotte Sandset; Amrou Sarraj; +9 more

    Limited data exist evaluating the effect of blood pressure (BP) on clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT). We sought to evaluate the association of BP levels on clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion treated with MT. Studies were identified that reported the association of systolic BP (SBP) or diastolic BP levels before, during, or after MT on the outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with MT. Unadjusted and adjusted analyses of studies reporting odds ratios (OR adj ) per 10 mm Hg BP increment were performed. Our analysis included 25 studies comprising 6474 patients. Higher pre-MT mean SBP ( P =0.008) and post-MT maximum SBP ( P =0.009) levels were observed in patients who died within 3 months. Patients with 3-month functional independence were noted to have lower pre-MT ( P <0.001) and post-MT maximum SBP levels ( P <0.001). In adjusted analyses, increasing post-MT maximum SBP and diastolic BP levels were associated with 3-month mortality (OR adj , 1.19 [95% CI,1.00–1.43]; I 2 =78%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.001) and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (OR adj , 1.65 [95% CI, 1.11–2.44]; I 2 =0%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.80), respectively. Increasing pre- and post-MT mean SBP levels were associated with lower odds of 3-month functional independence (OR adj , 0.86 [95% CI, 0.77–0.96]; I 2 =18%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.30) and (OR adj , 0.80 [95% CI, 0.72–0.89]; I 2 =0%, P value for Cochran Q test: 0.51), respectively. In conclusion, elevated BP levels before and after MT are associated with adverse outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Fergus J. Couch; Kyriaki Michailidou; Gustavo Mendoza-Fandiño; Janna Lilyquist; Emily Hallberg; Simona Agata; Christine B. Ambrosone; Irene L. Andrulis; Hoda Anton-Culver; Volker Arndt; +194 more
    Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi
    Countries: Norway, Spain, Finland, China (People's Republic of), United Kingdom, United States, United Kingdom, Denmark, Spain, United Kingdom ...
    Project: NWO | Secure and gentle grip of... (11477), WT , NIH | Discovery Expansion and R... (5U19CA148065-04), NIH | Follow-up of Ovarian Canc... (3U19CA148112-04S1), EC | COGS (223175), CIHR , NIH | A genome-wide association... (5R01CA128978-02), NIH | Elucidating Loci Involved... (5U19CA148537-02)

    Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome-wide significant associations (P<5 × 10(-8)) with oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated breast cancer risk. In this study, to identify new ER-negative susceptibility loci, we performed a meta-analysis of 11 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) consisting of 4,939 ER-negative cases and 14,352 controls, combined with 7,333 ER-negative cases and 42,468 controls and 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers genotyped on the iCOGS array. We identify four previously unidentified loci including two loci at 13q22 near KLF5, a 2p23.2 locus near WDR43 and a 2q33 locus near PPIL3 that display genome-wide significant associations with ER-negative breast cancer. In addition, 19 known breast cancer risk loci have genome-wide significant associations and 40 had moderate associations (P<0.05) with ER-negative disease. Using functional and eQTL studies we implicate TRMT61B and WDR43 at 2p23.2 and PPIL3 at 2q33 in ER-negative breast cancer aetiology. All ER-negative loci combined account for ∼11% of familial relative risk for ER-negative disease and may contribute to improved ER-negative and BRCA1 breast cancer risk prediction. B.C.A.C. was funded through a European Community Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement no 223175 (HEALTH-F2-2009-223175; COGS); Cancer Research UK (C1287/A10118, C1287/A10710, C12292/A11174, C1281/A12014, C5047/A8384, C5047/A15007, C5047/A10692); the National Institutes of Health Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Breast Cancer (CA116201), R01 grants (CA128978, CA176785, CA192393), and Post-Cancer GWAS initiative (1U19 CA148537, 1U19 CA148065 and 1U19 CA148112 - the GAME-ON initiative); the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) for the CIHR Team in Familial Risks of Breast Cancer, the Breast Cancer Res. Foundation, and the Ovarian Cancer Research Fund. CIMBA genotyping was supported by National Institutes of Health grant (CA128978); the Department of Defence (W81XWH-10-1-0341); and the Breast Cancer Res. Foundation. CIMBA data management and data analysis were supported by Cancer Research UK grants C12292/A11174 and C1287/A10118. This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Nature Publishing Group via http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11375

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Preprint . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Rok Roškar; Davide Fiacconi; Lucio Mayer; Stelios Kazantzidis; Thomas R. Quinn; James Wadsley;
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: NSF | Programs on Critical Prob... (1066293), SNSF | Galaxy formation and mass... (152960)

    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 449 (1) ISSN:0035-8711 ISSN:1365-2966 ISSN:1365-8711

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aigars Miezitis; Marika Petrovica;
    Publisher: Ubiquity Press
  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2004
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nicholas D. Alikakos; Giorgio Fusco; Georgia Karali;
    Publisher: Hindawi Limited

    We consider a two-phase system mainly in three dimensions and we examine the coarsening of the spatial distribution, driven by the reduction of interface energy and limited by diffusion as described by the quasistatic Stefan free boundary problem. Under the appropriate scaling we pass rigorously to the limit by taking into account the motion of the centers and the deformation of the spherical shape. We distinguish between two different cases and we derive the classical mean-field model and another continuum limit corresponding to critical density which can be related to a continuity equation obtained recently by Niethammer andOtto. So, the theory of Lifshitz, Slyozov, and Wagner is improved by taking into account the geometry of the spatial distribution.

  • Publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdinov, O.; Abeloos, B.; Aben, R.; Abolins, M.; Abouzeid, O. S.; Abraham, N. L.; Abramowicz, H.; +197 more
    Countries: Italy, Germany, Turkey, Italy, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom, United Kingdom ...

    The performance of the jet trigger for the ATLAS detector at the LHC during the 2011 data taking period is described. During 2011 the LHC provided proton-proton collisions with a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV and heavy ion collisions with a 2.76 TeV per nucleon-nucleon collision energy. The ATLAS trigger is a three level system designed to reduce the rate of events from the 40 MHz nominal maximum bunch crossing rate to the approximate 400 Hz which can be written to offline storage. The ATLAS jet trigger is the primary means for the online selection of events containing jets. Events are accepted by the trigger if they contain one or more jets above some transverse energy threshold. During 2011 data taking the jet trigger was fully efficient for jets with transverse energy above 25 GeV for triggers seeded randomly at Level 1. For triggers which require a jet to be identified at each of the three trigger levels, full efficiency is reached for offline jets with transverse energy above 60 GeV. Jets reconstructed in the Event Filter and corresponding to offline jets with transverse energy greater than 60 GeV, are reconstructed with a resolution in transverse energy of better than 4% in the central region and better than 2.5% in the forward direction. 51 pages plus author list (68 pages total), 29 figures, 4 tables, published version, all figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/TRIG-2012-01/

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jeroen R. Huyghe; Stephanie A. Bien; Tabitha A. Harrison; Hyun Min Kang; Sai Chen; Stephanie L. Schmit; David V. Conti; Conghui Qu; Jihyoun Jeon; Christopher K. Edlund; +176 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, Italy
    Project: WT

    To further dissect the genetic architecture of colorectal cancer (CRC), we performed whole-genome sequencing of 1,439 cases and 720 controls, imputed discovered sequence variants and Haplotype Reference Consortium panel variants into genome-wide association study data, and tested for association in 34,869 cases and 29,051 controls. Findings were followed up in an additional 23,262 cases and 38,296 controls. We discovered a strongly protective 0.3% frequency variant signal at CHD1. In a combined meta-analysis of 125,478 individuals, we identified 40 new independent signals at P<5×10−8, bringing the number of known independent signals for CRC to approximately 100. New signals implicate lower-frequency variants, Krüppel-like factors, Hedgehog signaling, Hippo-YAP signaling, long noncoding RNAs, somatic drivers, and support a role of immune function. Heritability analyses suggest that CRC risk is highly polygenic, and larger, more comprehensive studies enabling rare variant analysis will improve understanding of underlying biology, and impact personalized screening strategies and drug development. Reporting Summary. Further information on experimental design is available in the Life Sciences Reporting Summary linked to this article.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bentham, James; Cesare, Mariachiara Di; Stevens, Gretchen A.; Zhou, Bin; Bixby, Honor; Cowan, Melanie J.; Fortunato, Lea; Bennett, James E.; Danaei, Goodarz; Hajifathalian, Kaveh; +262 more
    Countries: Croatia, United Kingdom, Belgium, Cyprus, Poland, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, United Kingdom ...
    Project: EC | HYPERGENES (201550), WT , WT | A Global Database on Card... (101506)

    Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5–22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3–19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8–144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries. http://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed published version Article

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Louangpradith, Viengsakhone; Phoummalaysith, Bounfeng; Kariya, Tetsuyoshi; Saw, Yu Mon; Yamamoto, Eiko; Hamajima, Nobuyuki;
    Publisher: Nagoya University

    ABSTRACT In Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), reports on disease frequency are very limited. This study aimed to report frequencies of the main cause of admission among inpatients of a tertiary general hospital (Mittaphab Hospital) in Vientiane. Subjects were inpatients who were admitted from January 3 to February 2 in 2017. The dataset were made as a pilot run to establish hospital statistics. The data on sex, age, address (province), dates of admission and discharge, and main diagnosis were collected from paper-based medical charts. International Classification of Diseases 10 was applied for classifying the main diagnosis. During the 1-month period, 1,201 inpatients (637 males and 564 females) were admitted, including 171 (14.2%) aged <20 years and 254 (21.1%) aged ≥60 years. About 20% patients were from outside of Vientiane. Among them, 67.5% (62.5% in males and 73.8% in females) were admitted within 7 days. The main causes with more than 10% in males were injury and poisoning S00-T98 (49.8%), while those in females were injury and poisoning S00-T98 (25.2%), pregnancy and childbirth O00-O99 (19.0%), and diseases of genitourinary system N00-N99 (13.7%). Injury and poisoning S00-T98 among inpatients aged <20 years was 81.8% in males and 59.0% in females. Among those aged 20–59 years, it was 49.9% and 22.4%, and among those aged ≥60 years it was 22.3% and 16.9%, respectively. This is the first report on the frequencies of main diseases among inpatients in Lao PDR. Injury was the first main cause of admission at the tertiary hospital.