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4 Research products, page 1 of 1

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  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Raymond B. Blake;
    Publisher: Karolinum Press

    When Canada was created it debated if it was best to seek political solidarity by creating a single political identity or was it wiser to build a citizenship that made space for all communities. This article argues there was no attempt to unite Canadians around a single national loyalty but only to join an array of diverse communities whose members might adopt a shared citizenship. Since 1867, Canada has adopted different approaches to creating citizenship to maintain political solidarity. Diversity has been an integral part of that narrative. Keywords: Canada; diversity; citizenship; nation-building; George-Etienne Cartier; Justin Trudeau DOI: 10.14712/23363231.2020.2 © 2019 The Authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License , which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Gregory P. Thomas; Al Meldrum; John Beamish;
    Publisher: Karolinum Press

    Concerns persist regarding the lack of promotion of students’ scientific inquiry processes in undergraduate physics laboratories. The consensus in the literature is that, especially in the early years of undergraduate physics programs, students’ laboratory work is characterized by recipe type, step-by-step instructions for activities where the aim is often confirmation of an already well-established physics principle or concept. In response to evidence reflecting these concerns at their university, the authors successfully secured funding for this study. A mixed-method design was employed. In the 2011/2012 academic year baseline data were collected. A quantitative survey, the Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Learning Environment Scale (UPLLES) was developed, validated, and used to explore students’ perceptions of their physics laboratory environments. Analysis of data from the UPLLES and from interviews confirmed the concerns evident in the literature and in a previous evaluation of laboratories undertaken in 2002. To address these concerns the activities that students were to perform in the laboratory section of the course/s were re/designed to engage students in more inquiry oriented thinking and activity. In Fall 2012, the newly developed laboratory activities and tutorials, were implemented for the first time in PHYS124; a first year course. These changes were accompanied by structured training of teaching assistants and changes to the structure of the evaluation of students’ laboratory performance. At the end of that term the UPLLES was administered (n = 266) and interviews with students conducted (n = 16) to explore their perceptions of their laboratory environments. Statistically significant differences (p<.001) between the students in the PHYS 124 classes of 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 across all dimensions were found. Effect sizes of 0.82 to 1.3, between the views of students in the first semester physics classes of 2011/2012 and 2012/2013, were also calculated suggesting positive changes in the laboratory inquiry orientation. In their interviews, students confirmed and detailed these positive changes while still noting areas for future improvement.

  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Kris A. Bulcroft;
    Publisher: Sciendo

    Abstract In a study of dating in later life, conducted in the Midwest in the United States, in which a sample of people age 60+ were interviewed regarding their dating behaviors and perceived functions of dating at this stage in the life course, preliminary evidence suggests that middle-generation offspring took on the role of gatekeepers of sexual standards of conduct and cohabitation outside marriage. Concomitantly, the older generation displayed modified attitudes about sexuality outside marriage in keeping with the opportunity structures available to them as part of the dating experience. When this paper was published in 1986 there were few studies of later life intimacy and dating, and the focus was on the older daters rather than on extended family or social network implications of dating in later life. Since my study in the mid-1980’s, research has flourished on later life dating and intimacy, but the focus continues to be on the dyad rather than exploring intergenerational family relationships and changes that result from re-coupling in later life. This paper will explore the adult child-older parent relationship in which the older person is dating and posit research questions based on two conceptual areas and one theoretical perspective – stereotyping of older people, transmission of values across generations, and social exchange theory – on which to build future studies of intergenerational relationships. This review of the literature will assist in understanding the middle generation’s response to an older parent’s dating and courtship behavior as well as consider why conflicts about later life dating between adult children and older parents are more likely under certain family conditions. Exploration of the literature on later life dating that has resulted since our 1986 study, coupled with theoretical underpinnings, is intended to help scholars in this area of study conduct research that will be more generalizable and theory-based.

  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Michael S. Billinger;
    Publisher: Masaryk University, Faculty of Social Studies

    Montagu psal o rase jako o „nejnebezpečnějším lidském mýtu“ a Lévi-Strauss ji nazval „prvotním hříchem antropologie“. Přestože po celé 20. století vznikaly nové a nové přesvědčivé argumenty, proč by měl být koncept rasy opuštěn, pro antropology, kteří se zabývají klasifikací lidských populací, zůstává rasa významným problémem. Rasová terminologie se stala trvalým průvodcem antropologických počinů, což lze přičíst zejména tomu, že rasa byla historicky vlastním jádrem antropologického výzkumu. I přes konceptuální neadekvátnost rasy se antropologie dosud neposunula za koncept rasy jakožto explanační nástroje pro chápání biologické variability lidstva, neboť za něj dosud nemá konceptuální a/nebo metodologickou náhradu. Tento článek nově analyzuje historickou antropologickou literaturu o etnicitě a interakcí mezi biologií a kulturou jako náhradou za koncept rasy a přetváří ji v kontextu moderního filozofického a psychologického pohledu na variabilitu lidské populace.

search
Include:
The following results are related to Canada. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
4 Research products, page 1 of 1
  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Raymond B. Blake;
    Publisher: Karolinum Press

    When Canada was created it debated if it was best to seek political solidarity by creating a single political identity or was it wiser to build a citizenship that made space for all communities. This article argues there was no attempt to unite Canadians around a single national loyalty but only to join an array of diverse communities whose members might adopt a shared citizenship. Since 1867, Canada has adopted different approaches to creating citizenship to maintain political solidarity. Diversity has been an integral part of that narrative. Keywords: Canada; diversity; citizenship; nation-building; George-Etienne Cartier; Justin Trudeau DOI: 10.14712/23363231.2020.2 © 2019 The Authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License , which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Gregory P. Thomas; Al Meldrum; John Beamish;
    Publisher: Karolinum Press

    Concerns persist regarding the lack of promotion of students’ scientific inquiry processes in undergraduate physics laboratories. The consensus in the literature is that, especially in the early years of undergraduate physics programs, students’ laboratory work is characterized by recipe type, step-by-step instructions for activities where the aim is often confirmation of an already well-established physics principle or concept. In response to evidence reflecting these concerns at their university, the authors successfully secured funding for this study. A mixed-method design was employed. In the 2011/2012 academic year baseline data were collected. A quantitative survey, the Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Learning Environment Scale (UPLLES) was developed, validated, and used to explore students’ perceptions of their physics laboratory environments. Analysis of data from the UPLLES and from interviews confirmed the concerns evident in the literature and in a previous evaluation of laboratories undertaken in 2002. To address these concerns the activities that students were to perform in the laboratory section of the course/s were re/designed to engage students in more inquiry oriented thinking and activity. In Fall 2012, the newly developed laboratory activities and tutorials, were implemented for the first time in PHYS124; a first year course. These changes were accompanied by structured training of teaching assistants and changes to the structure of the evaluation of students’ laboratory performance. At the end of that term the UPLLES was administered (n = 266) and interviews with students conducted (n = 16) to explore their perceptions of their laboratory environments. Statistically significant differences (p<.001) between the students in the PHYS 124 classes of 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 across all dimensions were found. Effect sizes of 0.82 to 1.3, between the views of students in the first semester physics classes of 2011/2012 and 2012/2013, were also calculated suggesting positive changes in the laboratory inquiry orientation. In their interviews, students confirmed and detailed these positive changes while still noting areas for future improvement.

  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Kris A. Bulcroft;
    Publisher: Sciendo

    Abstract In a study of dating in later life, conducted in the Midwest in the United States, in which a sample of people age 60+ were interviewed regarding their dating behaviors and perceived functions of dating at this stage in the life course, preliminary evidence suggests that middle-generation offspring took on the role of gatekeepers of sexual standards of conduct and cohabitation outside marriage. Concomitantly, the older generation displayed modified attitudes about sexuality outside marriage in keeping with the opportunity structures available to them as part of the dating experience. When this paper was published in 1986 there were few studies of later life intimacy and dating, and the focus was on the older daters rather than on extended family or social network implications of dating in later life. Since my study in the mid-1980’s, research has flourished on later life dating and intimacy, but the focus continues to be on the dyad rather than exploring intergenerational family relationships and changes that result from re-coupling in later life. This paper will explore the adult child-older parent relationship in which the older person is dating and posit research questions based on two conceptual areas and one theoretical perspective – stereotyping of older people, transmission of values across generations, and social exchange theory – on which to build future studies of intergenerational relationships. This review of the literature will assist in understanding the middle generation’s response to an older parent’s dating and courtship behavior as well as consider why conflicts about later life dating between adult children and older parents are more likely under certain family conditions. Exploration of the literature on later life dating that has resulted since our 1986 study, coupled with theoretical underpinnings, is intended to help scholars in this area of study conduct research that will be more generalizable and theory-based.

  • Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Michael S. Billinger;
    Publisher: Masaryk University, Faculty of Social Studies

    Montagu psal o rase jako o „nejnebezpečnějším lidském mýtu“ a Lévi-Strauss ji nazval „prvotním hříchem antropologie“. Přestože po celé 20. století vznikaly nové a nové přesvědčivé argumenty, proč by měl být koncept rasy opuštěn, pro antropology, kteří se zabývají klasifikací lidských populací, zůstává rasa významným problémem. Rasová terminologie se stala trvalým průvodcem antropologických počinů, což lze přičíst zejména tomu, že rasa byla historicky vlastním jádrem antropologického výzkumu. I přes konceptuální neadekvátnost rasy se antropologie dosud neposunula za koncept rasy jakožto explanační nástroje pro chápání biologické variability lidstva, neboť za něj dosud nemá konceptuální a/nebo metodologickou náhradu. Tento článek nově analyzuje historickou antropologickou literaturu o etnicitě a interakcí mezi biologií a kulturou jako náhradou za koncept rasy a přetváří ji v kontextu moderního filozofického a psychologického pohledu na variabilitu lidské populace.