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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Crawford RD;

    International audience

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 1983
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 1983
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    Other literature type . 1983
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 1983
      Data sources: PubMed Central
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Hyper Article en Ligne
      Other literature type . 1983
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      Other literature type . 1983
      Data sources: Hal-Diderot
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Huyghe, Richard;

    Cet article présente un état de la réflexion sur la sémantique des noms d’action (Nact) en français. Il s’agit dans un premier temps de déterminer les critères d’identification qui s’appliquent à l’ensemble des Nact, au-delà des prototypes déverbaux, agentifs et prédicatifs. L’aspect dynamique apparaît comme l’élément de définition fondamental de la catégorie. Il implique la double construction avec des expressions temporelles (de localisation ou de durée) et des verbes supports d’action ou d’événement (effectuer, avoir lieu, etc.). L’organisation interne de la classe des Nact est ensuite étudiée, et différents principes d’hétérogénéité sémantique sont détaillés. Il est établi que l’aspect nominal n’est pas calqué sur le modèle verbal, et que certaines propriétés descriptives, touchant à l’individuation des actions et à leur forme de réalisation, relèvent spécifiquement du domaine nominal. Sont enfin examinées les propriétés polysémiques des Nact, d’après leur capacité à dénoter d’autres participants de l’action (agents, instruments, résultats, etc.) et à associer en contexte les interprétations multiples. This paper provides a state-of-the-art overview of the semantics of action nouns (ANs) in French. First, the definition of ANs is investigated, as it should apply to all ANs, not only to prototypical deverbal, agentive and predicative nouns. Dynamicity appears to be the main definitional criterion, which implies that ANs occur with both temporal expressions (of location or duration) and actional or eventive light verbs (effectuer ‘make’, avoir lieu ‘take place’, etc.). Second, the heterogeneity of the AN category is studied, and some semantic differences between ANs are highlighted. It is claimed that nominal aspect does not tally with verbal aspect: there are semantic features related to the individuation of events and the way they occur that only exist in the nominal domain. Third, the polysemy of ANs is scrutinized regarding their ability to denote other participants in the event (agents, instruments, results, etc.), and their ability to combine multiple interpretations in context.

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    Other literature type . 2014
    HAL-Inserm
    Article . 2014
    Data sources: HAL-Inserm
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Savary, E.; Rojas, K.; Maus, M.; Clement, B.; +15 Authors

    We present a search for galaxy-scale strong gravitational lenses in the initial 2 500 square degrees of the Canada-France Imaging Survey (CFIS). We designed a convolutional neural network (CNN) committee that we applied to a selection of 2 344 002 exquisite-seeing $r$-band images of color-selected luminous red galaxies (LRGs). Our classification uses a realistic training set where the lensing galaxies and the lensed sources are both taken from real data, namely the CFIS $r$-band images themselves and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). A total of 9 460 candidates obtain a score above 0.5 with the CNN committee. After a visual inspection of the candidates, we find a total of 133 lens candidates, of which 104 are completely new. The set of false positives mainly contains ring, spiral, and merger galaxies, and to a lesser extent galaxies with nearby companions. We classify 32 of the lens candidates as secure lenses and 101 as maybe lenses. For the 32 highest quality lenses, we also fit a singular isothermal ellipsoid mass profile with external shear along with an elliptical Sersic profile for the lens and source light. This automated modeling step provides distributions of properties for both sources and lenses that have Einstein radii in the range $0.5\arcsec<θ_E<2.5\arcsec$. Finally, we introduce a new lens and/or source single-band deblending algorithm based on auto-encoder representation of our candidates. This is the first time an end-to-end lens-finding and modeling pipeline is assembled together, in view of future lens searches in a single band, as will be possible with Euclid. 29 pages, 21 figures, accepted by A&A, in press

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    Astronomy and Astrophysics
    Article . 2022
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Sygma; Crossref
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    Other literature type . 2021
    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2021
    License: arXiv Non-Exclusive Distribution
    Data sources: Datacite
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Astronomy and Astrop...arrow_drop_down
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      Astronomy and Astrophysics
      Article . 2022
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Sygma; Crossref
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      Other literature type . 2021
      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2021
      License: arXiv Non-Exclusive Distribution
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Faugier, Étienne;

    Comment le tourisme influence-t-il le transport ? Comment le transport influence-t-il le tourisme ? Comment démarre et comment se développe la coopération entre le tourisme et l’automobile dans la première moitié du XXe siècle ? Cet article entend montrer l’évolution des liens entre le tourisme et le transport en s’appuyant sur le cas de la province de Québec entre 1906 et 1936. Ce territoire constitue un exemple pertinent car durant cette période, le tourisme et la voirie se rejoignent pour former une politique étatique. Il s’agit d’en comprendre les origines, l’évolution et les conséquences que cela a pu avoir sur ces deux thématiques que sont le tourisme et le transport automobile. À partir d’une recherche en histoire, l’article montre que les actions entreprises par les clubs automobiles de la province ont incité à l’essor du tourisme automobile. Puis, nous verrons que la pression associative amène l’État à participer activement au phénomène en devenant un des acteurs principaux de son élaboration à travers le ministère de la Voirie. La conclusion ouvre la réflexion sur l’historiographie.

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    Other literature type . Article . 2016
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    Other literature type . 2015
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Téoros; Éruditarrow_drop_down
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      Other literature type . Article . 2016
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      Other literature type . 2015
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    Authors: Sajina, Anna; Scott, Douglas; Dennefeld, Michel; Dole, Herve; +2 Authors

    We present preliminary results on a study of the 2--850 micron SEDs of a sample of 30 FIRBACK galaxies selected at 170 micron. These sources are representative of the brightest ~10% of the Cosmic Infrared Background. They are a mixture of mostly local (z<~0.3) starforming galaxies, and a tail of ULIGs that extend up to z~1, and are likely to be a similar population to faint SCUBA sources. We use archival Spitzer IRAC and MIPS data to extend the spectral coverage to the mid-IR regime, resulting in an unprecended (for this redshift range) census of their infrared SEDs. This allows us to study in far greater detail this important population linking the near-IR stellar emission with PAH and thermal dust emission. We do this using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, which easily allows for the inclusion of ~6 free parameters, as well as an estimate of parameter uncertainties and correlations. Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures. Proceeding for the conference "Starbursts: From 30 Doradus to Lyman Break Galaxies", held in Cambridge (UK) in September, 2004

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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2004
    License: arXiv Non-Exclusive Distribution
    Data sources: Datacite
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    Other literature type . Conference object . 2005
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2004
      License: arXiv Non-Exclusive Distribution
      Data sources: Datacite
      Hyper Article en Ligne; Hal-Diderot
      Other literature type . Conference object . 2005
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    Authors: Harrap, Rob; Daniel, Sylvie; Power, Michael; Pearce, Joshua M.; +1 Authors

    International audience; Research networks foster creativity and break down institutional barriers, but introduce new geographic barriers to communication and collaboration. In designing mobile educational games, our distributed team took advantage of diverse talent pools and differing perspectives to drive forward a core vision of our overarching design targets. Our strategies included intense design workshops, use of online meeting rooms, paper and software prototyping as group activities, and dissemination of prototypes to other teams for refinement and repurposing. Our group showed strong activity at the university-centered nodes with periods of highly effective dissemination between these nodes and to outside groups; we used workshop invitations to gather new ideas and perspectives , to refine the vision, to forge inter-project links, and to stay current on what was happening in other networks. Several important aspects of our final deliverables came from loosely associated network members who engaged via collaborative design exercises in workshops, emphasizing the need to bring the network together and the importance of outside influences as ideas evolve. Our final deliverables demonstrate how our network both maintained a consistent vision and incorporated new ideas in the design of mobile augmented reality games, how our network experienced a new open approach of knowledge and technology sharing towards the sustainability of our research outcomes.

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    Other literature type . 2012
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    Authors: Piskunov, Y.; Jérome, D.; Auban-Senzier, P.; Wzietek, P.; +4 Authors

    (63)Cu-NMR measurements have been performed on two-leg hole-doped spin ladders Sr_{14-x}Ca_{x}Cu_{24}O_{41} single crystals (0-x-12) at several pressures up to the pressure domain where the stabilization of a superconducting ground state can be achieved. The data reveal marked decrease of the spin gap derived from Knight shift measurements upon Ca substitution and also under pressure and confirm the onset of low lying spin excitations around P_{c} as previously reported. The spin gap in Sr_{2}Ca_{12}Cu_{24}O_{41} is strongly reduced above 20 kbar. However, the data of an experiment performed at P=36 kbar where superconductivity has been detected at 6.7K by an inductive technique have shown that a significant amount of spin excitations remains gapped at 80K when superconductivity sets in. The standard relaxation model with two and three-magnon modes explains fairly well the activated relaxation data in the intermediate temperature regime corresponding to gapped spin excitations using the spin gap data derived from Knight shift experiments.The data of Gaussian relaxation rates of heavily doped samples support the limitation of the coherence lenght at low temperature by the average distance between doped holes. We discuss the interplay between superconductivity and the spin gap and suggest that these new results support the exciting prospect of superconductivity induced by the interladder tunnelling of preformed pairs as long as the pressure remains lower than the pressure corresponding to the maximum of the superconducting critical temperature. 15 pages Latex, 13 figures. to be published in Eur.Phys.Jour.B,2002

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    The European Physical Journal B
    Article . 2001
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      The European Physical Journal B
      Article . 2001
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      Article . 2001
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    Authors: Pivato, Marcus; Yassawi, Reem;

    ISBN 978-5-94057-377-7; International audience; Recent work has shown that many cellular automata (CA) have configurations whose orbit closures are isomorphic to odometers. We investigate the geometry of the spacetime diagrams of these `odometer configurations'. For boolean linear CA, we exactly determine the positions of the consecutive `gears' of the odometer mechanism in the configuration. Then we characterize and explain the self-similar structure visible in the spacetime diagrams of odometer configurations for two classes of nonlinear CA: ratchet CA and Coven CA.

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  • Authors: Michaud, Alexis; Brunelle, Marc;

    Abstract The languages of Asia are highly diverse. Rather than attempting a review about information structure (IS) in this huge linguistic area, this chapter provides observations about two languages that differ sharply in terms of how they convey IS. Yongning Na (Sino-Tibetan) is an example of a language with abundant morphemes expressing IS, which stand at different points along the grammaticalization path: some are exclusively used for the marking of IS, others (such as demonstratives) are equally common as IS markers and in another function, and others still are used secondarily to indicate IS, in particular particles indicating the relationship that a noun phrase bears to a verb. Vietnamese (Austroasiatic) makes little use of such morphemes, and relies greatly on word order and on a range of passive-like structures. Along with key morphosyntactic facts, this chapter addresses the issue of how intonation contributes to foregrounding and backgrounding strategies in these two tonal languages.

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    Authors: Gendron, Corinne;

    Les concepts d’entreprise citoyenne et de citoyenneté corporative (corporate citizenship) sont des utopies économiques qui bousculent la représentation traditionnelle de l’entreprise. Cette représentation est ancrée dans une idéologie économique où l’autonomie de l’entreprise est légitimée par l’efficacité ainsi que le projet politique marchand qui fait reposer le bien commun sur l’égoïsme des acteurs individuels. Le courant de la responsabilité sociale renouvelle cette représentation en suggérant que l’entreprise doit, en plus de poursuivre son intérêt propre (ou celui de ses actionnaires), répondre aux intérêts d’autres parties prenantes et de la société dans son ensemble. Dernière déclinaison de ce courant, les concepts d’entreprise citoyenne et de citoyenneté corporative rompent de manière plus radicale encore avec la représentation traditionnelle de l’entreprise. En mobilisant le vocable de citoyenneté, ils promeuvent l’entreprise au rang d’acteur politique et abolissent de ce fait la frontière entre un monde économique dominé par la rationalité, l’efficacité et la perfection, et le monde politique empreint de débats et de choix contingents. Mais tout en leur concédant un rôle politique formel et légitime, le courant de la citoyenneté corporative néglige l’influence des entreprises dans les politiques publiques et reste étranger aux analyses critiques. Si bien qu’en l’assimilant à un acteur politique, la représentation de l’entreprise proposée par ce courant occulte les enjeux de régulation d’une société économique aux prétentions démocratiques. The concepts of corporate citizen and corporate citizenship are economic utopias that challenge traditional ideas about business enterprises. The traditional representation is rooted in an economic ideology in which business autonomy is legitimated by efficiency and a mercantile political project in which the common good depends on the self-interests of the individual actors. The trend in favour of social responsibility has renewed this representation by suggesting that the enterprise must not only pursue its own interests (or those of its shareholders), but also take into consideration the interests of other stakeholders and society at large. In the latest variation of this trend, the concepts of corporate citizen and corporate citizenship diverge even more sharply from the traditional representation of the business enterprise. By using the vocabulary of citizenship, they promote the enterprise to the rank of political actor, thereby eliminating the boundary between the economic world, in which rationality, efficiency and perfection dominate, and the political world, marked by debate and contingent choices. Yet while giving enterprises a formal, legitimate political role, the corporate citizenship trend neglects their influence on public policies and remains closed to critical analysis. In fact, by equating an enterprise with a political actor, the corporate citizenship representation of the business enterprise obscures the issues involved in regulating an economic society having democratic pretensions.

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    Lien Social et Politiques; Érudit
    Other literature type . Article . 2014
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    Lien Social et Politiques
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      Lien Social et Politiques; Érudit
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    Authors: Crawford RD;

    International audience

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    Europe PubMed Central
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Huyghe, Richard;

    Cet article présente un état de la réflexion sur la sémantique des noms d’action (Nact) en français. Il s’agit dans un premier temps de déterminer les critères d’identification qui s’appliquent à l’ensemble des Nact, au-delà des prototypes déverbaux, agentifs et prédicatifs. L’aspect dynamique apparaît comme l’élément de définition fondamental de la catégorie. Il implique la double construction avec des expressions temporelles (de localisation ou de durée) et des verbes supports d’action ou d’événement (effectuer, avoir lieu, etc.). L’organisation interne de la classe des Nact est ensuite étudiée, et différents principes d’hétérogénéité sémantique sont détaillés. Il est établi que l’aspect nominal n’est pas calqué sur le modèle verbal, et que certaines propriétés descriptives, touchant à l’individuation des actions et à leur forme de réalisation, relèvent spécifiquement du domaine nominal. Sont enfin examinées les propriétés polysémiques des Nact, d’après leur capacité à dénoter d’autres participants de l’action (agents, instruments, résultats, etc.) et à associer en contexte les interprétations multiples. This paper provides a state-of-the-art overview of the semantics of action nouns (ANs) in French. First, the definition of ANs is investigated, as it should apply to all ANs, not only to prototypical deverbal, agentive and predicative nouns. Dynamicity appears to be the main definitional criterion, which implies that ANs occur with both temporal expressions (of location or duration) and actional or eventive light verbs (effectuer ‘make’, avoir lieu ‘take place’, etc.). Second, the heterogeneity of the AN category is studied, and some semantic differences between ANs are highlighted. It is claimed that nominal aspect does not tally with verbal aspect: there are semantic features related to the individuation of events and the way they occur that only exist in the nominal domain. Third, the polysemy of ANs is scrutinized regarding their ability to denote other participants in the event (agents, instruments, results, etc.), and their ability to combine multiple interpretations in context.

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    Authors: Savary, E.; Rojas, K.; Maus, M.; Clement, B.; +15 Authors

    We present a search for galaxy-scale strong gravitational lenses in the initial 2 500 square degrees of the Canada-France Imaging Survey (CFIS). We designed a convolutional neural network (CNN) committee that we applied to a selection of 2 344 002 exquisite-seeing $r$-band images of color-selected luminous red galaxies (LRGs). Our classification uses a realistic training set where the lensing galaxies and the lensed sources are both taken from real data, namely the CFIS $r$-band images themselves and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). A total of 9 460 candidates obtain a score above 0.5 with the CNN committee. After a visual inspection of the candidates, we find a total of 133 lens candidates, of which 104 are completely new. The set of false positives mainly contains ring, spiral, and merger galaxies, and to a lesser extent galaxies with nearby companions. We classify 32 of the lens candidates as secure lenses and 101 as maybe lenses. For the 32 highest quality lenses, we also fit a singular isothermal ellipsoid mass profile with external shear along with an elliptical Sersic profile for the lens and source light. This automated modeling step provides distributions of properties for both sources and lenses that have Einstein radii in the range $0.5\arcsec<θ_E<2.5\arcsec$. Finally, we introduce a new lens and/or source single-band deblending algorithm based on auto-encoder representation of our candidates. This is the first time an end-to-end lens-finding and modeling pipeline is assembled together, in view of future lens searches in a single band, as will be possible with Euclid. 29 pages, 21 figures, accepted by A&A, in press

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    Astronomy and Astrophysics
    Article . 2022
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Sygma; Crossref
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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2021
    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2021
    License: arXiv Non-Exclusive Distribution
    Data sources: Datacite
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