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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Manuel, Ajay P.; Kirkey, Aaron; Mahdi, Najia; Shankar, Karthik;

    The nanoscale confinement and coupling of electromagnetic radiation into plexcitonic modes has drawn immense interest because of the innovative possibilities for their application in light harvesting and light emitting devices (LEDs). Plexcitons arise from the coupling between two types of quasiparticles, plasmons and excitons, and can be distinguished by the strength of the coupling into strong and weak coupling regimes. Plexcitons have been used to modulate the rate of Förster-type resonance energy transfer in quantum dot assemblies and enhance the spontaneous emission rate in quantum dot LEDs. The clearest examples of a plexcitonic enhancement of photocatalytic reaction rates have been evidenced in hybrid systems wherein the strongly bound exciton found in 2D sheet-like semiconductors is coupled to the surface plasmon resonance of close-lying noble metal nanoparticles. Plexcitonic photocatalysts and solar cells aim to increase the lifetime of hot carriers and thereby enhance the quantum yields for energy harvesting. Since plexcitonics requires the placement of plasmonic and excitonic components in close proximity with one another to facilitate their coupling, it provides a rich arena for chemists and materials scientists to form deterministic and non-deterministic arrays and heterojunctions involving noble metal thin films and nanostructures, quantum dots and dye molecules. This review summarizes the dynamics of plexcitons in the various composite systems and provides an overview of the latest theoretical and experimental developments in the field of plexcitonics.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Education and Resear...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Education and Resear...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lan, Hengxing; Tian, Naiman; Li, Langping; Liu, Hongjiang; +5 Authors

    The Chinese government has implemented measures to reduce poverty in the country. Specifically, the Targeted Poverty Alleviation (2013–2020) policy is a set of unique, large-scale and precise poverty control measures undertaken by China in an effort to eliminate absolute poverty. Deeply impoverished areas in the mountainous regions of Southwest China are also particularly prone to geological disasters. A poverty control policy might reduce risk from natural disasters in this region by changing human behaviour. However, it is unclear how the risk might change under the government’s poverty control measures. This paper uses power-law relations and negative binomial regression to analyse primary economic losses from geological disasters in Yunnan Province between 2009 and 2017. The results of the analysis show that the relation between the level of economic development and disaster losses in Yunnan Province changed from an inverted-U shape to a U shape in this period. While direct economic losses from geological disasters are falling, we find that losses in wealthy counties Yunnan Province have not decreased significantly and might even be increasing. In impoverished areas, poverty alleviation policies reduce the economic losses of geological disasters by reducing the vulnerability and exposure, and increasing the resilience. On the contrary, poverty reduction measures promote a concentration of population and wealth in non-poor areas, increasing the vulnerability and exposure, which in turn lead to an increase in direct economic losses from geological disasters. Therefore, in order to consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation projects, the government needs to pay attention to the transfer of geological disaster risk caused by the policy-driven transformation of human social behaviour.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Education and Resear...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Education and Resear...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: University Advancement & Communications, University of Regina;

    It may be horrifying to think of all the free films you've missed out on as a University of Regina student once you check out the Archer Library's extensive video streaming database - but never fear! It's probably no surprise that there are hundreds of documentaries and educational videos in the repository. What may not be as well known is that there are thousands of feature films as well. With Halloween just around the corner, you can curl up and catch up on the hundreds of scary movies in the system. Staff no

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ oURspacearrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    oURspace
    Other ORP type . 2022
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      oURspace
      Other ORP type . 2022
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Diether, Natalie E.; Willing, Benjamin P.;

    Protein fermentation by gut microbiota contributes significantly to the metabolite pool in the large intestine and may contribute to host amino acid balance. However, we have a limited understanding of the role that proteolytic metabolites have, both in the gut and in systemic circulation. A review of recent studies paired with findings from previous culture-based experiments suggests an important role for microbial protein fermentation in altering the gut microbiota and generating a diverse range of bioactive molecules which exert wide-ranging host effects. These metabolic products have been shown to increase inflammatory response, tissue permeability, and colitis severity in the gut. They are also implicated in the development of metabolic disease, including obesity, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Specific products of proteolytic fermentation such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and p-Cresol may also contribute to the development of colorectal cancer. These findings are in conflict with other studies showing that tryptophan metabolites may improve gut barrier function and attenuate severity in a multiple sclerosis model. Further research examining proteolytic fermentation in the gut may be key to our understanding of how microbial and host metabolism interact affecting health

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Education and Resear...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Education and Resear...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: University Advancement & Communications, University of Regina;

    This year’s annual United Way campaign at the University of Regina may look a little different than it has in previous years, but the crucial support it provides to deserving community-based organizations remains the same. In a normal year, the U of R’s United Way campaign would kick-off with faculty and staff receiving a form in their office mailbox, an invitation to an in-person event, and being greeted on campus by the iconic donation thermometer. Although most U of R faculty and staff are working from home, campaign organizers are devising creative ways to engage our community in a virtual environment. Staff no

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ oURspacearrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    oURspace
    Other ORP type . 2020
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ oURspacearrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      oURspace
      Other ORP type . 2020
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bull, Hannah;

    Are you currently a student at a university who does not have a career goal in mind? Did you think you might be in the wrong program? If you answered yes to either of these questions, you’re not the only one.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DSpace at the Univer...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DSpace at the Univer...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Schwartz, C.; Barican, J.; Yung, D.; Gray-Grant, D.; +1 Authors

    Background: Child maltreatment is an avoidable form of adversity that puts children at risk for negative mental health and life course outcomes making prevention imperative. Nevertheless, when maltreatment has occurred, interventions can help reduce harm for children while also supporting parents. Methods: We used systematic review methods to identify randomized control trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions for children who have been maltreated. Applying our inclusion criteria to the 68 studies identified from our searches, we accepted seven RCTs. Results: Six interventions showed benefits. Promoting First Relationships reduced child apprehensions due to maltreatment and improved children’s behaviour and emotional responses. Child-Parent Psychotherapy increased children’s “secure attachment” to their mothers and improved their behaviour. Project Support reduced physical abuse among children exposed to intimate partner violence and improved children’s behaviour and emotional well-being. Multisystemic Therapy reduced re-abuse and out-of-home placements; it also reduced child posttraumatic stress, dissociation, and other emotional and behavioural problems. Fostering Healthy Futures reduced placement changes as well as child dissociation and emotional distress. Finally, It’s My Turn Now reduced children’s posttraumatic stress symptoms. Conclusions: The best way to help children flourish is to support families to meet children’s basic needs, including preventing maltreatment. When children have been mistreated, practitioners should intervene before mental health symptoms develop given that emotional or behavioural problems can be prevented. Finally, children who have been maltreated and then develop emotional or behavioural symptoms need to receive effective interventions as quickly as possible.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Simon Fraser Univers...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Simon Fraser Univers...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Christensen, Courtney;

    This ethnographic research was conducted to better understand how living in an intentional community may be promoting environmental integrity, personal and community well-being and to gain insight into the intentions and motivations of individuals engaged in living in an intentional community. Intentional communities are a group of individuals who have chosen to live together with a common purpose of creating a cooperative lifestyle that reflects their shared values. These communities function collaboratively, address the practical and social needs of individuals, and recognize the importance of social relationships as antidotes to alienation, disempowerment, and stress. The end result of this research project, undertaken in collaboration with a 12 year old intentional community called the Dangle Dome, is an accessible and easily shareable film and digital resource, which contributes to the ongoing conversation about housing practices and housing policy.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ VIUSpacearrow_drop_down
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    VIUSpace
    2020
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      VIUSpace
      2020
      Data sources: VIUSpace
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Leistenschneider, Desirée; Zuo, Peiyuan; Kim, Yuna; Abedi, Zahra; +4 Authors

    The development of inexpensive carbon fiber precursors is necessary to meet the future demands of carbon fibers. This work shows how asphaltenes, which are obtained as a by-product in bitumen production, can play an important role as such inexpensive carbon fiber precursors. To synthesize carbon fibers from asphaltene, stabilization by means of oxidizing acids (HNO3 and H2SO4) was developed. Stabilization could not be achieved by a non-oxidizing acid (HCl). The reactions leading to fiber stabilization was investigated for nitric acid treatment, which led to oxidation and the incorporation of nitro-groups. Further thermal treatment caused an increase in C/H ratio that was related to decomposition of nitro-groups, which facilitated air oxidation and other reactions leading to the loss of volatile hydrogen-rich products, such as light hydrocarbons. Additionally, the influence of the acid concentration during treatment on fiber properties, such as fiber diameter, composition, tensile strength and elastic modulus, has been examined. The application of the acid treatment leads to carbon fibers with good tensile properties, with a tensile strength and elastic modulus of 811 MPa and 32.7 GPa, respectively. The overall yield of carbon fibers is 37 – 38 wt.%.

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    Authors: Mota, João F.; Gonzalez, Maria Cristina; Lukaski, Henry; Oto, Gabriela L.; +3 Authors

    Background Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a widely used method for estimating body composition. Avoiding foods/beverages containing caffeine is a frequently enforced pre-test protocol to ensure reliability of BIA measurements. However, few studies have evaluated whether this is necessary, with conflicting results. We aimed to determine whether the coffee consumption differing in caffeine content influences BIA parameters in healthy adults. Methods Twenty-five healthy adults were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind cross-over trial. Three amounts of caffeine were given with 200 mL of coffee: 0 mg (11 g of decaffeinated), 200 mg (5.5 g of caffeinated plus 5.5 g of decaffeinated), and 400 mg of caffeine (11 g of caffeinated). BIA measurements were conducted at 6 different times, and coefficient variations (CV) explored. Results No differences were observed for group × time interaction on impedance, resistance, or reactance (p > 0.05). Values of BIA parameters increased after 30-min of coffee consumption, independently of the caffeine dosage (all p 95%CI of expected device measurement error over 70-min, without difference between groups. Urine output volume was not different between groups (decaffeinated: 440.45 ± 197.57 mL; 200 mg: 471.80 ± 171.88 mL; 400 mg: 489.30 ± 204.10 mL, p > 0.05). Conclusion Coffee consumption influenced BIA-derived results after 70-min but was not related to caffeine content, likely due to water intake.

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4,196 Research products
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    Authors: Manuel, Ajay P.; Kirkey, Aaron; Mahdi, Najia; Shankar, Karthik;

    The nanoscale confinement and coupling of electromagnetic radiation into plexcitonic modes has drawn immense interest because of the innovative possibilities for their application in light harvesting and light emitting devices (LEDs). Plexcitons arise from the coupling between two types of quasiparticles, plasmons and excitons, and can be distinguished by the strength of the coupling into strong and weak coupling regimes. Plexcitons have been used to modulate the rate of Förster-type resonance energy transfer in quantum dot assemblies and enhance the spontaneous emission rate in quantum dot LEDs. The clearest examples of a plexcitonic enhancement of photocatalytic reaction rates have been evidenced in hybrid systems wherein the strongly bound exciton found in 2D sheet-like semiconductors is coupled to the surface plasmon resonance of close-lying noble metal nanoparticles. Plexcitonic photocatalysts and solar cells aim to increase the lifetime of hot carriers and thereby enhance the quantum yields for energy harvesting. Since plexcitonics requires the placement of plasmonic and excitonic components in close proximity with one another to facilitate their coupling, it provides a rich arena for chemists and materials scientists to form deterministic and non-deterministic arrays and heterojunctions involving noble metal thin films and nanostructures, quantum dots and dye molecules. This review summarizes the dynamics of plexcitons in the various composite systems and provides an overview of the latest theoretical and experimental developments in the field of plexcitonics.

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    Authors: Lan, Hengxing; Tian, Naiman; Li, Langping; Liu, Hongjiang; +5 Authors

    The Chinese government has implemented measures to reduce poverty in the country. Specifically, the Targeted Poverty Alleviation (2013–2020) policy is a set of unique, large-scale and precise poverty control measures undertaken by China in an effort to eliminate absolute poverty. Deeply impoverished areas in the mountainous regions of Southwest China are also particularly prone to geological disasters. A poverty control policy might reduce risk from natural disasters in this region by changing human behaviour. However, it is unclear how the risk might change under the government’s poverty control measures. This paper uses power-law relations and negative binomial regression to analyse primary economic losses from geological disasters in Yunnan Province between 2009 and 2017. The results of the analysis show that the relation between the level of economic development and disaster losses in Yunnan Province changed from an inverted-U shape to a U shape in this period. While direct economic losses from geological disasters are falling, we find that losses in wealthy counties Yunnan Province have not decreased significantly and might even be increasing. In impoverished areas, poverty alleviation policies reduce the economic losses of geological disasters by reducing the vulnerability and exposure, and increasing the resilience. On the contrary, poverty reduction measures promote a concentration of population and wealth in non-poor areas, increasing the vulnerability and exposure, which in turn lead to an increase in direct economic losses from geological disasters. Therefore, in order to consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation projects, the government needs to pay attention to the transfer of geological disaster risk caused by the policy-driven transformation of human social behaviour.

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    Authors: University Advancement & Communications, University of Regina;

    It may be horrifying to think of all the free films you've missed out on as a University of Regina student once you check out the Archer Library's extensive video streaming database - but never fear! It's probably no surprise that there are hundreds of documentaries and educational videos in the repository. What may not be as well known is that there are thousands of feature films as well. With Halloween just around the corner, you can curl up and catch up on the hundreds of scary movies in the system. Staff no

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    Authors: Diether, Natalie E.; Willing, Benjamin P.;

    Protein fermentation by gut microbiota contributes significantly to the metabolite pool in the large intestine and may contribute to host amino acid balance. However, we have a limited understanding of the role that proteolytic metabolites have, both in the gut and in systemic circulation. A review of recent studies paired with findings from previous culture-based experiments suggests an important role for microbial protein fermentation in altering the gut microbiota and generating a diverse range of bioactive molecules which exert wide-ranging host effects. These metabolic products have been shown to increase inflammatory response, tissue permeability, and colitis severity in the gut. They are also implicated in the development of metabolic disease, including obesity, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Specific products of proteolytic fermentation such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and p-Cresol may also contribute to the development of colorectal cancer. These findings are in conflict with other studies showing that tryptophan metabolites may improve gut barrier function and attenuate severity in a multiple sclerosis model. Further research examining proteolytic fermentation in the gut may be key to our understanding of how microbial and host metabolism interact affecting health

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    Authors: University Advancement & Communications, University of Regina;

    This year’s annual United Way campaign at the University of Regina may look a little different than it has in previous years, but the crucial support it provides to deserving community-based organizations remains the same. In a normal year, the U of R’s United Way campaign would kick-off with faculty and staff receiving a form in their office mailbox, an invitation to an in-person event, and being greeted on campus by the iconic donation thermometer. Although most U of R faculty and staff are working from home, campaign organizers are devising creative ways to engage our community in a virtual environment. Staff no

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    Authors: Bull, Hannah;

    Are you currently a student at a university who does not have a career goal in mind? Did you think you might be in the wrong program? If you answered yes to either of these questions, you’re not the only one.

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    Authors: Schwartz, C.; Barican, J.; Yung, D.; Gray-Grant, D.; +1 Authors

    Background: Child maltreatment is an avoidable form of adversity that puts children at risk for negative mental health and life course outcomes making prevention imperative. Nevertheless, when maltreatment has occurred, interventions can help reduce harm for children while also supporting parents. Methods: We used systematic review methods to identify randomized control trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions for children who have been maltreated. Applying our inclusion criteria to the 68 studies identified from our searches, we accepted seven RCTs. Results: Six interventions showed benefits. Promoting First Relationships reduced child apprehensions due to maltreatment and improved children’s behaviour and emotional responses. Child-Parent Psychotherapy increased children’s “secure attachment” to their mothers and improved their behaviour. Project Support reduced physical abuse among children exposed to intimate partner violence and improved children’s behaviour and emotional well-being. Multisystemic Therapy reduced re-abuse and out-of-home placements; it also reduced child posttraumatic stress, dissociation, and other emotional and behavioural problems. Fostering Healthy Futures reduced placement changes as well as child dissociation and emotional distress. Finally, It’s My Turn Now reduced children’s posttraumatic stress symptoms. Conclusions: The best way to help children flourish is to support families to meet children’s basic needs, including preventing maltreatment. When children have been mistreated, practitioners should intervene before mental health symptoms develop given that emotional or behavioural problems can be prevented. Finally, children who have been maltreated and then develop emotional or behavioural symptoms need to receive effective interventions as quickly as possible.

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    Authors: Christensen, Courtney;

    This ethnographic research was conducted to better understand how living in an intentional community may be promoting environmental integrity, personal and community well-being and to gain insight into the intentions and motivations of individuals engaged in living in an intentional community. Intentional communities are a group of individuals who have chosen to live together with a common purpose of creating a cooperative lifestyle that reflects their shared values. These communities function collaboratively, address the practical and social needs of individuals, and recognize the importance of social relationships as antidotes to alienation, disempowerment, and stress. The end result of this research project, undertaken in collaboration with a 12 year old intentional community called the Dangle Dome, is an accessible and easily shareable film and digital resource, which contributes to the ongoing conversation about housing practices and housing policy.

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      2020
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    Authors: Leistenschneider, Desirée; Zuo, Peiyuan; Kim, Yuna; Abedi, Zahra; +4 Authors

    The development of inexpensive carbon fiber precursors is necessary to meet the future demands of carbon fibers. This work shows how asphaltenes, which are obtained as a by-product in bitumen production, can play an important role as such inexpensive carbon fiber precursors. To synthesize carbon fibers from asphaltene, stabilization by means of oxidizing acids (HNO3 and H2SO4) was developed. Stabilization could not be achieved by a non-oxidizing acid (HCl). The reactions leading to fiber stabilization was investigated for nitric acid treatment, which led to oxidation and the incorporation of nitro-groups. Further thermal treatment caused an increase in C/H ratio that was related to decomposition of nitro-groups, which facilitated air oxidation and other reactions leading to the loss of volatile hydrogen-rich products, such as light hydrocarbons. Additionally, the influence of the acid concentration during treatment on fiber properties, such as fiber diameter, composition, tensile strength and elastic modulus, has been examined. The application of the acid treatment leads to carbon fibers with good tensile properties, with a tensile strength and elastic modulus of 811 MPa and 32.7 GPa, respectively. The overall yield of carbon fibers is 37 – 38 wt.%.

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    Authors: Mota, João F.; Gonzalez, Maria Cristina; Lukaski, Henry; Oto, Gabriela L.; +3 Authors

    Background Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a widely used method for estimating body composition. Avoiding foods/beverages containing caffeine is a frequently enforced pre-test protocol to ensure reliability of BIA measurements. However, few studies have evaluated whether this is necessary, with conflicting results. We aimed to determine whether the coffee consumption differing in caffeine content influences BIA parameters in healthy adults. Methods Twenty-five healthy adults were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind cross-over trial. Three amounts of caffeine were given with 200 mL of coffee: 0 mg (11 g of decaffeinated), 200 mg (5.5 g of caffeinated plus 5.5 g of decaffeinated), and 400 mg of caffeine (11 g of caffeinated). BIA measurements were conducted at 6 different times, and coefficient variations (CV) explored. Results No differences were observed for group × time interaction on impedance, resistance, or reactance (p > 0.05). Values of BIA parameters increased after 30-min of coffee consumption, independently of the caffeine dosage (all p 95%CI of expected device measurement error over 70-min, without difference between groups. Urine output volume was not different between groups (decaffeinated: 440.45 ± 197.57 mL; 200 mg: 471.80 ± 171.88 mL; 400 mg: 489.30 ± 204.10 mL, p > 0.05). Conclusion Coffee consumption influenced BIA-derived results after 70-min but was not related to caffeine content, likely due to water intake.

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