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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Helene, Volkoff; Angela Joy, Eykelbosh; Richard Ector, Peter;

    To assess the role of leptin on food intake regulation in goldfish, we examined the effects of central (intracerebroventricular, ICV) and peripheral (intraperitoneal, IP) injections of recombinant murine leptin on feeding behavior. Centrally (100 ng/g) and peripherally (300 ng/g) injected leptin both caused a significant decrease in food intake, compared to the saline-treated controls. To test the hypothesis that leptin influenced orexigenic neuropeptide systems in goldfish, fish were co-injected with neuropeptide Y (NPY) or orexin A and leptin. Both NPY (5 ng/g) and orexin A (10 ng/g) significantly increased food intake. Fish co-injected ICV with NPY (5 ng/g) or orexin A (10 ng/g) and leptin (1 or 10 ng/g) had a food intake lower than that of fish treated with NPY or orexin A alone. NPY mRNA expression in goldfish brain was reduced 2 and 6 h following central injection of leptin. To test the hypothesis that the cholecystokinin (CCK) mediates the effects of leptin in goldfish, fish were simultaneously injected ICV with an ineffective dose of leptin (10 ng/g) and either ICV or IP with an ineffective doses of CCK (1 ng/g ICV or 25 ng/g IP). These fish had a food intake lower than vehicle-treated fish, suggesting that leptin potentiates the satiety actions of CCK. CCK hypothalamic mRNA expression was increased 2 h following central treatment with leptin. The CCK receptor antagonist proglumide blocked both central and peripheral CCK satiety effects. Blockade of CCK brain receptors by proglumide resulted in an inhibition of the leptin-induced decrease in food intake and an attenuation of the inhibiting action of leptin on both NPY- and orexin A-induced feeding. These data suggests that CCK has a role in mediating the effects of leptin on food intake. Fasting potentiated the actions of leptin and attenuated the effects of CCK. Whereas fasting had no effects on the brain mRNA expression of CCK, it increased the brain mRNA expression of NPY and decreased the expression of CART. These changes in neuropeptide expression were partially reversed when fish were treated ICV with leptin. These results provide strong evidence that, in goldfish, leptin influences food intake, in part by modulating the orexigenic effects of NPY and orexin and that its actions are mediated, at least in part, by CCK.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Brain Research
    Article . 2003
    License: Elsevier TDM
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    Brain Research
    Article . 2003
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Brain Research
      Article . 2003
      License: Elsevier TDM
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      Brain Research
      Article . 2003
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Igue, Charlemagne Babatoundé;

    Cet article étudie le lien entre l’efficacité de l’intermédiation financière et la croissance économique sur un panel de sept pays de l’UEMOA** sur la période 1990-2008. Tout d’abord, un modèle théorique est présenté dans lequel l’efficacité de l’intermédiation bancaire renforce la croissance économique par le biais de l’amélioration de la productivité marginale du capital. Ensuite, l’efficacité du secteur bancaire est étudiée par le concept d’efficacité-X de Leibenstein (1966). Les scores d’efficacité bancaire sont estimés par la méthode DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis), appliquée à un modèle de production bancaire sur un échantillon de banques de l’UEMOA. Finalement, les scores moyens d’efficacité bancaire par pays sont calculés et utilisés comme indicateur de l’efficacité de l’intermédiation financière dans un modèle de croissance sur données de panel. Les résultats suggèrent l’existence d’une influence positive et significative de l’efficacité du secteur bancaire sur la croissance économique. This paper explores the connection between financial intermediation efficiency and economic growth on a panel of seven countries of WAEMU from 1990 to 2008. First, a theoretical model is presented in which financial efficiency enhances economic growth by means of increasing the marginal productivity of capital. Next, the banking sector efficiency is apprehended by the X-efficiency concept of Leibenstein (1966). Banking efficiency scores are estimated with Data Envelopment Analysis method, applied to banking production model on a sample of banks of the WAEMU. Finally, average scores of banking efficiency by country are calculated and used as indicator of financial intermediation efficiency in a growth model on panel data. Results suggest the existence of a positive impact of the banking sector efficiency on the economic growth.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ L Actualité économiq...arrow_drop_down
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    L Actualité économique; Érudit
    Other literature type . Article . 2014
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ L Actualité économiq...arrow_drop_down
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      L Actualité économique; Érudit
      Other literature type . Article . 2014
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  • Authors: Yanfei Huang; Yan Zhang; Xinying Li; Jinjun Liu; +1 Authors

    For single-phase DC-AC power conversion, power decoupling is always required due to the existence of double-line-frequency ripple caused by the instantaneous unbalanced power between AC and DC side. The typical power decoupling method utilizes a large electrolytic capacitor and consequently increases the passive components requirement. The active power decoupling scheme introduces an additional low power converter to compensate the ripple, which inevitably increases the system cost and control complexity. To overcome these drawbacks, this paper proposes a novel suppression method based on three-level topology. By optimizing the capacitance design and improved control algorithm, the instantaneous unbalanced power is dynamically redistributed between two series connected intermediate capacitors in order to make the capacitor voltage ripple complementary to each other. Thus the de-link voltage ripple can be reduced to a large extent. Simulation verifies the correctness and effectiveness of the new suppression method.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Guéroult, Martial;

    L'auteur expose les principes de la méthode qu'il applique dans ses études d'histoire de la philosophie. Il distingue entre l'histoire horizontale de la philosophie qui s'intéresse surtout aux aspects historiques des systèmes philosophiques et l'histoire verticale de la philosophie qui s'intéresse d'abord aux doctrines proprement philosophiques. L'histoire verticale de la philosophie peut se faire selon deux méthodes différentes : la méthode des sources et la méthode des structures. L'auteur montre la supériorité de la méthode des structures pour dégager l'intelligibilité interne de l'oeuvre, méthode qu'il présente comme une méthode des raisons. La méthode des structures correspond à la nature de l'oeuvre philosophique, d'une part, en tant qu'oeuvre, d'autre part, en tant que philosophique. The author shows the principles of the method that he applies in his studies on the history of philosophy. He distinguishes between the horizontal history of philosophy that interests primarily on the historical aspects of the philosophical systems and the vertical history of philosophy that interests at first to the philosophical doctrines. The vertical history of philosophy can be made according to two different methods : the method of source and the method of structures. The author shows the superiority of the method of structures to grasp the internal intelligibility of the philosophical work, method presented as a methodof reasons. The method of structures is adequate to the nature of the philosophical work, as work and as philosophical.

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    Philosophiques
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    Philosophiques; Érudit
    Other literature type . Article . 2006
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      Philosophiques
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      Philosophiques; Érudit
      Other literature type . Article . 2006
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Chelsea Temple Jones; Kimberlee Collins; Anne Zbitnew;

    The obligation to make broadcast media accessible is often taught as the last step in media production. This article describes a year-long project that paired disabled media-makers with students to create three films and a podcast rooted in critical access theory and disability justice, which necessitated creative, collaborative access planning at the onset of each production. This public pedagogy project promoted technical skills and attitudinal change by applying an intellectual partnership model that allowed students to develop resistance to dominant discourses about access that centered disability in new ways—as a desirable production feature rather than as simply an “add-on.”

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journalism & Mass Co...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journalism & Mass Communication Educator
    Article . 2021
    License: SAGE TDM
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journalism & Mass Co...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journalism & Mass Communication Educator
      Article . 2021
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Roy Otten; Chung Jung Mun; Daniel S. Shaw; Melvin N. Wilson; +1 Authors

    AbstractBackgrounds and aimsDespite the link between stress and addictive behavior in adulthood, little is known about how early life stress in families predicts the early emergence of substance use in adolescence. This study tested a developmental cascade model, proposing that early stressful life events and negative parent–child interaction covary, and both disrupt the refinement of inhibitory control, which evolves into problem behavior in middle/late childhood and subsequent substance use exploration in early adolescence.MethodsData came from the Early Steps Multisite study, a community sample of at‐risk families in the metropolitan US areas of Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), Eugene (Oregon) and Charlottesville (Virginia) with children aged 2 years at the start of the study and 14 years at the last measurement (n = 364). Structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed model.ResultsEarly stressful life events and negative parent–child interaction assessed at ages 2–5 were negatively related to inhibitory control at ages 7 and 8. Low levels of inhibitory control were prognostic of childhood problem behavior at ages 9 and 10. Finally, late childhood problem behavior was associated with substance use at age 14. Parental drug use was directly related to substance use at age 14.ConclusionsEarly life stress may disrupt child inhibitory control, which can cascade into behavioral and peer problem behavior in childhood and, in turn, heighten the risk for early adolescent substance use.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2018
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    NARCIS
    Article . 2019
    Data sources: NARCIS
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    Addiction
    Article . 2019 . 2018
    License: CC BY NC
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    Radboud Repository
    Article . 2019
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    Addiction
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Addiction
    Article . 2018
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    Article . 2018
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      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 2018
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      NARCIS
      Article . 2019
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      Article . 2019 . 2018
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      Radboud Repository
      Article . 2019
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Addiction
      Article . 2018
      License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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      Article . 2018
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: S R, Thompson; U, Ackermann; R L, Horner;

    Sleep exerts major effects on most fundamental homeostatic mechanisms. Current data suggest, however, that students of physiology and medicine typically receive little or no formal teaching in sleep. Because sleep takes up a significant component of our life span, it is proposed that current teaching in systems and integrative physiology is not representative if it is confined to functions describing wakefulness only. We propose that sleep can be readily integrated into various components of physiology and medical curricula simply by emphasizing how commonly taught physiological processes are importantly affected by sleep mechanisms. In our experience, this approach can be used to reinforce basic physiological principles while simultaneously introducing sleep physiology into the students’ training. We find that students have a general and inherent interest in sleep and related clinical disorders, and this proves useful as an effective means to teach the material. In this paper, examples of how sleep influences motor control and the respiratory system will illustrate these points. These considerations also highlight some important gaps in traditional teaching of respiratory physiology.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Md. Matiur Rahman; Lina Kattan; Richard Tay;

    With 2000 to 2007 crash data, this study investigated the factors that contributed to injuries in collisions that involved at least one bus in the province of Alberta, Canada. Crashes of all types of buses (e.g., school, transit, intercity) were considered. Four logistic regression models were calibrated: single-vehicle collisions on highways, single-vehicle collisions on nonhighway locations, two-vehicle collisions on highways, and two-vehicle collisions on nonhighway locations. The analysis showed that weather conditions were a significant contributing factor in all four types of collisions, although crashes in adverse weather conditions resulted in fewer injuries. The type of collision, characteristics of collision partner, driver age of collision partner, and weather conditions had a significant effect on the level of severity of collisions on both highway and nonhighway locations. Other factors were shown to affect injury risk only in one particular situation. For instance, for highway-related collisions, the age of the collision partner had a significant effect on levels of accident severity, whereas the age of the bus driver did not. In addition, for highway collisions, the severity was higher for head-on crashes, bus–bus crashes, bus–truck crashes, bus–motorcycle crashes, older buses, crashes on grade and in sags, and crashes during dark and sun glare, whereas accident probability decreased with larger outside shoulder width. For nonhighway locations, crashes occurring near tunnels, overpasses, and signalized intersections were shown to result in a higher probability of injury. The results showed that single-bus collisions involving pedestrians at nonhighway locations had higher injury risk than collisions involving objects.

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  • Authors: Jill Bueddefeld; Christine M. Van Winkle;

    Places like zoos, where free-choice learning is encouraged, are important for conveying climate change and sustainability issues to the public. Free-choice learning that targets environmentally focused sustainable behavior changes must be meaningful in order to encourage actual behavior change post-visit. However, visitors often fail to translate their learning into behavior change after a visit. This research explores the role of post-visit action resources (PVARs) in facilitating long-term learning for individual environmental sustainability after a visit to the Leatherdale International Polar Bear Conservation Centre in Winnipeg’s Assiniboine Park Zoo in Manitoba, Canada. An embedded mixed-methods research design used personal meaning maps and follow-up interviews to measure free-choice learning; data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Findings revealed that the PVARs positively affected free-choice learning after an on-site visit to the zoo. Recommendations and implications a...

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    Authors: Mayu, Nishimura; Crystal, Robertson; Daphne, Maurer;

    AbstractAdapting to a face shifts the perceived identity of a subsequent face in the direction opposite to the adapting face, a phenomenon known as a face identity aftereffect. In the present study, we examined the temporal dynamics of such aftereffects in children at an age when face processing abilities are not yet adult-like. We hypothesized that children’s difficulties in face processing may stem from an unstable mental representation of facial identity, which may be especially prone to adaptation aftereffects. Using a novel procedure designed especially for children, we show that both 8-year-olds and adults demonstrate identity aftereffects of similarly small size after just one second of viewing the adapting face, and that the strength of the aftereffect increases logarithmically and similarly with longer adapting durations for both age groups. The findings suggest that the mental representation of facial identity in 8-year-olds is no more malleable than that of adults, at least in response to short-term adaptation.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Helene, Volkoff; Angela Joy, Eykelbosh; Richard Ector, Peter;

    To assess the role of leptin on food intake regulation in goldfish, we examined the effects of central (intracerebroventricular, ICV) and peripheral (intraperitoneal, IP) injections of recombinant murine leptin on feeding behavior. Centrally (100 ng/g) and peripherally (300 ng/g) injected leptin both caused a significant decrease in food intake, compared to the saline-treated controls. To test the hypothesis that leptin influenced orexigenic neuropeptide systems in goldfish, fish were co-injected with neuropeptide Y (NPY) or orexin A and leptin. Both NPY (5 ng/g) and orexin A (10 ng/g) significantly increased food intake. Fish co-injected ICV with NPY (5 ng/g) or orexin A (10 ng/g) and leptin (1 or 10 ng/g) had a food intake lower than that of fish treated with NPY or orexin A alone. NPY mRNA expression in goldfish brain was reduced 2 and 6 h following central injection of leptin. To test the hypothesis that the cholecystokinin (CCK) mediates the effects of leptin in goldfish, fish were simultaneously injected ICV with an ineffective dose of leptin (10 ng/g) and either ICV or IP with an ineffective doses of CCK (1 ng/g ICV or 25 ng/g IP). These fish had a food intake lower than vehicle-treated fish, suggesting that leptin potentiates the satiety actions of CCK. CCK hypothalamic mRNA expression was increased 2 h following central treatment with leptin. The CCK receptor antagonist proglumide blocked both central and peripheral CCK satiety effects. Blockade of CCK brain receptors by proglumide resulted in an inhibition of the leptin-induced decrease in food intake and an attenuation of the inhibiting action of leptin on both NPY- and orexin A-induced feeding. These data suggests that CCK has a role in mediating the effects of leptin on food intake. Fasting potentiated the actions of leptin and attenuated the effects of CCK. Whereas fasting had no effects on the brain mRNA expression of CCK, it increased the brain mRNA expression of NPY and decreased the expression of CART. These changes in neuropeptide expression were partially reversed when fish were treated ICV with leptin. These results provide strong evidence that, in goldfish, leptin influences food intake, in part by modulating the orexigenic effects of NPY and orexin and that its actions are mediated, at least in part, by CCK.

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    Brain Research
    Article . 2003
    License: Elsevier TDM
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    Brain Research
    Article . 2003
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      Brain Research
      Article . 2003
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    Authors: Igue, Charlemagne Babatoundé;

    Cet article étudie le lien entre l’efficacité de l’intermédiation financière et la croissance économique sur un panel de sept pays de l’UEMOA** sur la période 1990-2008. Tout d’abord, un modèle théorique est présenté dans lequel l’efficacité de l’intermédiation bancaire renforce la croissance économique par le biais de l’amélioration de la productivité marginale du capital. Ensuite, l’efficacité du secteur bancaire est étudiée par le concept d’efficacité-X de Leibenstein (1966). Les scores d’efficacité bancaire sont estimés par la méthode DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis), appliquée à un modèle de production bancaire sur un échantillon de banques de l’UEMOA. Finalement, les scores moyens d’efficacité bancaire par pays sont calculés et utilisés comme indicateur de l’efficacité de l’intermédiation financière dans un modèle de croissance sur données de panel. Les résultats suggèrent l’existence d’une influence positive et significative de l’efficacité du secteur bancaire sur la croissance économique. This paper explores the connection between financial intermediation efficiency and economic growth on a panel of seven countries of WAEMU from 1990 to 2008. First, a theoretical model is presented in which financial efficiency enhances economic growth by means of increasing the marginal productivity of capital. Next, the banking sector efficiency is apprehended by the X-efficiency concept of Leibenstein (1966). Banking efficiency scores are estimated with Data Envelopment Analysis method, applied to banking production model on a sample of banks of the WAEMU. Finally, average scores of banking efficiency by country are calculated and used as indicator of financial intermediation efficiency in a growth model on panel data. Results suggest the existence of a positive impact of the banking sector efficiency on the economic growth.

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    L Actualité économique; Érudit
    Other literature type . Article . 2014
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      L Actualité économique; Érudit
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  • Authors: Yanfei Huang; Yan Zhang; Xinying Li; Jinjun Liu; +1 Authors

    For single-phase DC-AC power conversion, power decoupling is always required due to the existence of double-line-frequency ripple caused by the instantaneous unbalanced power between AC and DC side. The typical power decoupling method utilizes a large electrolytic capacitor and consequently increases the passive components requirement. The active power decoupling scheme introduces an additional low power converter to compensate the ripple, which inevitably increases the system cost and control complexity. To overcome these drawbacks, this paper proposes a novel suppression method based on three-level topology. By optimizing the capacitance design and improved control algorithm, the instantaneous unbalanced power is dynamically redistributed between two series connected intermediate capacitors in order to make the capacitor voltage ripple complementary to each other. Thus the de-link voltage ripple can be reduced to a large extent. Simulation verifies the correctness and effectiveness of the new suppression method.

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    Authors: Guéroult, Martial;

    L'auteur expose les principes de la méthode qu'il applique dans ses études d'histoire de la philosophie. Il distingue entre l'histoire horizontale de la philosophie qui s'intéresse surtout aux aspects historiques des systèmes philosophiques et l'histoire verticale de la philosophie qui s'intéresse d'abord aux doctrines proprement philosophiques. L'histoire verticale de la philosophie peut se faire selon deux méthodes différentes : la méthode des sources et la méthode des structures. L'auteur montre la supériorité de la méthode des structures pour dégager l'intelligibilité interne de l'oeuvre, méthode qu'il présente comme une méthode des raisons. La méthode des structures correspond à la nature de l'oeuvre philosophique, d'une part, en tant qu'oeuvre, d'autre part, en tant que philosophique. The author shows the principles of the method that he applies in his studies on the history of philosophy. He distinguishes between the horizontal history of philosophy that interests primarily on the historical aspects of the philosophical systems and the vertical history of philosophy that interests at first to the philosophical doctrines. The vertical history of philosophy can be made according to two different methods : the method of source and the method of structures. The author shows the superiority of the method of structures to grasp the internal intelligibility of the philosophical work, method presented as a methodof reasons. The method of structures is adequate to the nature of the philosophical work, as work and as philosophical.

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    Philosophiques
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Chelsea Temple Jones; Kimberlee Collins; Anne Zbitnew;

    The obligation to make broadcast media accessible is often taught as the last step in media production. This article describes a year-long project that paired disabled media-makers with students to create three films and a podcast rooted in critical access theory and disability justice, which necessitated creative, collaborative access planning at the onset of each production. This public pedagogy project promoted technical skills and attitudinal change by applying an intellectual partnership model that allowed students to develop resistance to dominant discourses about access that centered disability in new ways—as a desirable production feature rather than as simply an “add-on.”

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journalism & Mass Co...