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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: S Jefferies; Rosalind A. Eeles; David E. Goldgar; Roger A'Hern; +12 Authors

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is the sixth commonest human malignancy with an estimate of nearly 900 000 new cases occurring worldwide in 1995 (Parkin et al, 1993). In this review, head and neck cancer is defined as squamous cell carcinoma occurring in the upper aerodigestive tract, superior to the clavicles, excluding skin cancer and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The incidence of head and neck cancer is increasing in developing countries (Macfarlane et al, 1994). In England and Wales, the overall incidence is stable at 5000 cases/year (14/105 of the male and 5.5/105 of the female population), but within the head and neck sites, tumours of the larynx and oral cavity are increasing. Optimal management of SCCHN is by a multidisciplinary approach combining surgery, radiotherapy and more recently chemotherapy. The presenting tumour site and nodal status have independent implications for both treatment and prognosis. Despite therapeutic changes the overall survival rate from SCCHN remains poor (Vokes et al, 1993). A component contributing to the poor overall survival, particularly in patients initially presenting with early tumours of the larynx, oral cavity and oropharynx, is the 10–30% chance of developing a second malignancy or multiple primary tumour (MPT) of the aerodigestive tract or elsewhere within 5 years (Day, 1992; Jovanic et al, 1994). There are various criteria for multiple primary tumour development. A classification described by Hong provides strict criteria to exclude recurrence of SCCHN (Hong et al, 1990). This includes:

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 1999
    Data sources: PubMed Central
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    British Journal of Cancer
    Article
    License: CC BY ND SA
    Data sources: UnpayWall
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    British Journal of Cancer
    Article . 1999
    License: Springer TDM
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 1999
      Data sources: PubMed Central
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      British Journal of Cancer
      Article
      License: CC BY ND SA
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      British Journal of Cancer
      Article . 1999
      License: Springer TDM
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  • Authors: Bérubé, Robert-Claude;
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: B. Arjomandy; Ramesh C. Tailor; L. Zhao; Slobodan Devic;

    Purpose: The Gafchromic EBT2 film was investigated as a potential mean for depth dose (DD) measurement of broad range of radio‐therapy beam‐modalities and energies. Methods: Gafchromic EBT2 films were exposed to 6 Gy dose from various beams in water for DD measurements. The beams employed for this study comprised of KV x‐rays (75 kVp), 60Co, Mega‐voltage x‐rays (6 &18MV), electrons (7 & 20 MeV), and spot‐scanning proton beams (180 & 150 MeV). Film optical densities (OD) were measured using a flat bed scanner. For each beam, film response measured over the dose range 0.6–6.2 Gy, was employed for OD‐to—dose conversion. Results: for all mega‐voltage photon & electron beams, percentage depth‐doses measured with EBT2 showed an excellent agreement (<1.5%) with those measured with ion chambers. In case of 75 kVp (nominal), a small over‐response is observed at deep depths (d > 2 cm) due to beam hardening. In contrast, an under‐response in the Bragg‐peak region is observed for proton beams due to quenching effects similar to the results published for EBT1. However, the suggested empirical corrections enable good agreement with ion‐chamber data for these beams as well. Conclusion: The results indicate that EBT2 is able to serve as a reliable tool for measuring DDs for all radiotherapy beams in general with a high spatial resolution and reproducibility.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Medical Physicsarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Medical Physics
    Article . 2011
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Medical Physicsarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Medical Physics
      Article . 2011
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: I. V. Vystorop; Gennadii V. Shustov; Arvi Rauk; Remir G. Kostyanovsky;

    The correlation of the Cotton effect sign of the n → π* transition with the cage structure chirality and the absolute configuration of 1,4-dialkyl-2,5-dioxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-3,6-diones has been established.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Mendeleev Communicat...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Mendeleev Communications
    Article . 1994
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Mendeleev Communicat...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Mendeleev Communications
      Article . 1994
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Wilson, Ian;

    One goal of this essay is to offer an exploratory, historiographical analysis of the conquest account in the book of Joshua, an analysis that focuses upon the sociocultural milieu of ancient Judah. I propose to show how this narrative of conquest might have contributed to discourse(s) among the literate Judean community that perpetuated the text, and I will offer a few thoughts on the potential relationship between the narrative and the supposed cultic reforms of the late seventh centuryb.c.e. A number of biblical scholars have argued that the late monarchic period gave rise to the conquest story as recounted in Joshua. In this essay, I would like to pay special attention to precisely how this narrative might have functioned within the milieu of the late monarchic period, thus refining our understanding of the narrative's contribution to the discourses of this era and our knowledge of its relationship to other narratives that were probably extant at the same time. In other words, what particular features of the narrative might have had special import in this period? Specifically, I will argue that the narrative reveals certain discursive statements about Yahweh's cultic supremacy and about important cultic sites in late monarchic Judah, and that this is evident in particular narratival features that are present in the text.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Harvard Theological ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Harvard Theological Review
    Article . 2013
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Harvard Theological ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Harvard Theological Review
      Article . 2013
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Thompson, V.; Pennycook, G.; Trippas, D.; Evans, J.;

    There is much evidence that high-capacity reasoners perform better on a variety of reasoning tasks (Stanovich, 1999), a phenomenon that is normally attributed to differences in either the efficacy or the probability of deliberate (Type II) engagement (Evans, 2007). In contrast, we hypothesized that intuitive (Type I) processes may differentiate high- and low-capacity reasoners. To test this hypothesis, reasoners were given a reasoning task modeled on the logic of the Stroop Task, in which they had to ignore one dimension of a problem when instructed to give an answer based on the other dimension (Handley, Newstead, & Trippas, 2011). Specifically, in Experiment 1, 112 reasoners were asked to give judgments consistent with beliefs or validity for 2 different types of deductive reasoning problems. In Experiment 2, 224 reasoners gave judgments consistent with beliefs (i.e., stereotypes) or statistics (i.e., base-rates) on a base rate task; half responded under a strict deadline. For all 3 problem types and regardless of the deadline, high-capacity reasoners performed better for logic/statistics than did belief judgments when the 2 conflicted, whereas the reverse was true for low-capacity reasoners. In other words, for high-capacity reasoners, statistical information interfered with their ability to make belief-based judgments, suggesting that, for them, probabilities may be more intuitive than stereotypes. Thus, at least part of the accuracy-capacity relationship observed in reasoning may be because of intuitive (Type I) processes. (PsycINFO Database Record

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ MPG.PuRearrow_drop_down
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    MPG.PuRe
    Article . 2018
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    MPG.PuRe
    Article . 2018
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ MPG.PuRearrow_drop_down
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      MPG.PuRe
      Article . 2018
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      Article . 2018
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  • Authors: Fletcher, Andrew John;

    Miami-Illinois is an Algonquian language spoken by the Miami and Peoria, whose traditional homelands are situated to the south of the Great Lakes. This area was part of what the French called the Pays d’en Haut. In the 19th century, forced removals and the reservation system led to cultural fragmentation. Language revitalization efforts began in the mid–1990’s and, due to this, a wealth of documentation is now available through the Miami-Illinois Digital Archive. This article shows how this resource can help historians better understand these Indigenous societies. La langue algonquienne Miami-Illinois est parlée par les Miami et les Peoria, dont les terres ancestrales sont situées au sud des Grands Lacs. Cette région a fait partie de ce que les Français ont appelé le Pays d’en Haut. Au XIXe siècle, les déplacements forcés et le système de réserves ont causé une fracture culturelle. Les efforts à faire revivre la langue ont mené à la création du Miami-Illinois Digital Archive. Cet article illustre comment cette ressource riche peut aider les historiens à mieux comprendre ces sociétés autochtones.

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    Cahiers d histoire
    Article . 2020
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      Cahiers d histoire
      Article . 2020
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: L J, Hoffer; I, Bank; P, Hongsprabhas; I, Shrier; +4 Authors

    Pharmacologic doses of folic acid are commonly used to reduce the hyperhomocysteinemia of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Vitamin B12 acts at the same metabolic locus as folic acid, but information is lacking about the specific effects of high doses of this vitamin on homocysteine levels in renal failure. We therefore compared the plasma homocysteine concentrations of maintenance hemodialysis patients in two McGill University-affiliated urban tertiary-care medical centers that differed in the use of vitamin B12 and folic acid therapy. Patients in the first hemodialysis unit are routinely prescribed high-dose folic acid (HI-F, 6 mg/d), whereas those in the second unit receive high-dose vitamin B12 in the form of a monthly 1-mg intravenous injection, along with conventional oral folic acid (HI-B12, 1 mg/d). Predialysis homocysteine was 23.4 +/- 6.8 micromol/L (mean +/- SD) in the HI-F unit and 18.2 +/- 6.1 micromol/L in the HI-B12 unit (P.002). Postdialysis homocysteine was 14.5 +/- 4.1 in the HI-F unit and 10.6 +/- 3.4 micromol/L in the HI-B12 unit (P = .0001). Multiple regression analysis indicated that high-dose parenteral vitamin B12 was associated with a lower homocysteine concentration even after controlling for the potential confounders of sex, serum urea, serum creatinine, urea reduction ratio, and plasma cysteine. Because this was a cross-sectional observational study, we cannot exclude the possibility that unidentified factors, rather than the different vitamin therapies, account for the different homocysteine levels in the two units. Careful prospective studies of the homocysteine-lowering effect of high-dose parenteral vitamin B12 in ESRD should be undertaken.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Metabolismarrow_drop_down
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    Metabolism
    Article . 2000
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    Metabolism
    Article . 2000
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Metabolismarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Metabolism
      Article . 2000
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      Article . 2000
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    Authors: Seilesh Kadambari; Heli Harvala; Peter Simmonds; Andrew J. Pollard; +1 Authors

    Human parechovirus infections are the second most common cause of viral meningitis in children. These infections are most frequently seen in infants younger than 90 days. Clinical manifestations include encephalitis, meningitis, myocarditis, and sepsis, which can lead to serious neurodevelopmental sequelae in young infants. Molecular techniques, including PCR assays, are the preferred diagnostic methods and have contributed to an increase in reported cases, along with an increasing awareness of the causal role of human parechovirus in infant diseases. However, focused clinical and diagnostic investigations of human parechovirus in infants and the use of their results in management is varied, partly because of the scarcity of robust incidence data and spectrum of clinical presentations of the infection. In this Review, we outline clinical cohort and epidemiological studies that can be used to inform the evidence-based management of young infants with human parechovirus disease and identify key research priorities. An improved understanding of the pathogenesis and epidemiology of these infections is required to inform an evidence-based approach to diagnosis and treatment in the future.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oxford University Re...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    The Lancet Infectious Diseases
    Article . 2019
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      The Lancet Infectious Diseases
      Article . 2019
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Kiarash, Riazi; Michael A, Galic; Quentin J, Pittman;

    Inflammation is an important factor in the pathophysiology of seizure generation and epileptogenesis. While the role of CNS inflammation is well acknowledged as an important factor in seizure pathophysiology, less is known about the role of peripheral inflammation. Systemic inflammation induces a mirror inflammatory response in the brain that might have transient or long-term effects on seizure susceptibility. The focus of our laboratory research is the study of the interaction of systemic inflammatory events with neuronal excitability and seizure susceptibility. In this paper we provide a review of our findings and discuss possible mechanisms.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Epilepsy Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Epilepsy Research
    Article . 2010
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Epilepsy Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Epilepsy Research
      Article . 2010
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: S Jefferies; Rosalind A. Eeles; David E. Goldgar; Roger A'Hern; +12 Authors

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is the sixth commonest human malignancy with an estimate of nearly 900 000 new cases occurring worldwide in 1995 (Parkin et al, 1993). In this review, head and neck cancer is defined as squamous cell carcinoma occurring in the upper aerodigestive tract, superior to the clavicles, excluding skin cancer and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The incidence of head and neck cancer is increasing in developing countries (Macfarlane et al, 1994). In England and Wales, the overall incidence is stable at 5000 cases/year (14/105 of the male and 5.5/105 of the female population), but within the head and neck sites, tumours of the larynx and oral cavity are increasing. Optimal management of SCCHN is by a multidisciplinary approach combining surgery, radiotherapy and more recently chemotherapy. The presenting tumour site and nodal status have independent implications for both treatment and prognosis. Despite therapeutic changes the overall survival rate from SCCHN remains poor (Vokes et al, 1993). A component contributing to the poor overall survival, particularly in patients initially presenting with early tumours of the larynx, oral cavity and oropharynx, is the 10–30% chance of developing a second malignancy or multiple primary tumour (MPT) of the aerodigestive tract or elsewhere within 5 years (Day, 1992; Jovanic et al, 1994). There are various criteria for multiple primary tumour development. A classification described by Hong provides strict criteria to exclude recurrence of SCCHN (Hong et al, 1990). This includes:

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 1999
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    British Journal of Cancer
    Article
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    British Journal of Cancer
    Article . 1999
    License: Springer TDM
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      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 1999
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      British Journal of Cancer
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      British Journal of Cancer
      Article . 1999
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  • Authors: Bérubé, Robert-Claude;
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    Authors: B. Arjomandy; Ramesh C. Tailor; L. Zhao; Slobodan Devic;

    Purpose: The Gafchromic EBT2 film was investigated as a potential mean for depth dose (DD) measurement of broad range of radio‐therapy beam‐modalities and energies. Methods: Gafchromic EBT2 films were exposed to 6 Gy dose from various beams in water for DD measurements. The beams employed for this study comprised of KV x‐rays (75 kVp), 60Co, Mega‐voltage x‐rays (6 &18MV), electrons (7 & 20 MeV), and spot‐scanning proton beams (180 & 150 MeV). Film optical densities (OD) were measured using a flat bed scanner. For each beam, film response measured over the dose range 0.6–6.2 Gy, was employed for OD‐to—dose conversion. Results: for all mega‐voltage photon & electron beams, percentage depth‐doses measured with EBT2 showed an excellent agreement (<1.5%) with those measured with ion chambers. In case of 75 kVp (nominal), a small over‐response is observed at deep depths (d > 2 cm) due to beam hardening. In contrast, an under‐response in the Bragg‐peak region is observed for proton beams due to quenching effects similar to the results published for EBT1. However, the suggested empirical corrections enable good agreement with ion‐chamber data for these beams as well. Conclusion: The results indicate that EBT2 is able to serve as a reliable tool for measuring DDs for all radiotherapy beams in general with a high spatial resolution and reproducibility.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Medical Physicsarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Medical Physics
    Article . 2011
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      Medical Physics
      Article . 2011
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: I. V. Vystorop; Gennadii V. Shustov; Arvi Rauk; Remir G. Kostyanovsky;

    The correlation of the Cotton effect sign of the n → π* transition with the cage structure chirality and the absolute configuration of 1,4-dialkyl-2,5-dioxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-3,6-diones has been established.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Mendeleev Communicat...arrow_drop_down
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    Mendeleev Communications
    Article . 1994
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Mendeleev Communicat...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Mendeleev Communications
      Article . 1994
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Wilson, Ian;

    One goal of this essay is to offer an exploratory, historiographical analysis of the conquest account in the book of Joshua, an analysis that focuses upon the sociocultural milieu of ancient Judah. I propose to show how this narrative of conquest might have contributed to discourse(s) among the literate Judean community that perpetuated the text, and I will offer a few thoughts on the potential relationship between the narrative and the supposed cultic reforms of the late seventh centuryb.c.e. A number of biblical scholars have argued that the late monarchic period gave rise to the conquest story as recounted in Joshua. In this essay, I would like to pay special attention to precisely how this narrative might have functioned within the milieu of the late monarchic period, thus refining our understanding of the narrative's contribution to the discourses of this era and our knowledge of its relationship to other narratives that were probably extant at the same time. In other words, what particular features of the narrative might have had special import in this period? Specifically, I will argue that the narrative reveals certain discursive statements about Yahweh's cultic supremacy and about important cultic sites in late monarchic Judah, and that this is evident in particular narratival features that are present in the text.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Harvard Theological ...arrow_drop_down
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    Harvard Theological Review
    Article . 2013
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