Open Access mandate for Publications and Research data
Funder: EC Project Code: 101064544
Funder Contribution: 206,888 EUR
Dr. Bell proposes to work with Prof. Andersson at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, to study VIrus-hoSt Interactions in the BaLtic sEa (VISIBLE). Bacteriophages (bacteria specific viruses) are the most abundant biological entity on the planet, yet we are only beginning to grasp the impact they have upon ecosystem functioning. Using state-of-the-art metagenomics, viromics and bioinformatics, the fellow will uncover novel genomes of virus populations in the Baltic Sea and the prokaryotic hosts they infect. Multiple approaches (abundance, CRISPR spacer matching and homology of auxiliary metabolic genes) will be combined to uncover virus-host dynamics. The metagenomic and viromic dataset has a high temporal resolution spanning a three-year period making it possible to answer fundamental ecological questions: (1) How are the temporal dynamics of viruses related to that of their hosts? (2) Can the co-evolution of viruses and their hosts be detected? (3) Do the function of auxiliary metabolic genes reflect changes in environmental gradients? These questions have major implications for biogeochemical cycling and resource turnover in the marine biosphere, as well as water resource management and predicting ecological responses to climate change. By means of a multidisciplinary approach, the fellow will advance their current research skills in microbial ecology and bioinformatics and gain new skills in virology. The MCSA fellow will join a world-class host institute and world-leading research team in environmental genomics. They will establish new interdisciplinary collaborations with researchers from across Sweden and Europe and develop their communication, management and leadership skills. KTH has been awarded HR Excellence in Research and supports the MCSA Green Charter. KTH provides the ideal environment and infrastructure for the fellow to carry out this research and to develop as a leading independent researcher.
With the increasing concerns on the environmental issues and with the depletion of fossil-based resources, sustainable chemistries for the development of resins from bio-based molecules and for the reprocessing and recycling of plastics are strongly demanded. In this context, SUSTAINABLE is aimed at developing inedited photopolymerizable bio-based resins employable for the 3D-printing of green, self-healing and recyclable thermosets. While photopolymerization 3D-printing has been widely employed for the obtainment and chemical optimization of thermosets from fossil-based resources, few scientific works have dealt with the design of bio-based photopolymerizable resins for 3D-printing. To complete the curing of the thermosets, the project will investigate an innovative cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) assisted approach, as a more flexible alternative to the conventional UV exposure. SUSTAINABLE, proposing possible strategies to reduce the environmental issues linked to the single-use plastic devices disposal, contributes to the achievement of Goal 12: “Ensure sustainable consumption and production pattern” of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. The programme will be developed by a researcher with a PhD in Engineering and skills on design, realization and optimization of CAP sources for materials processing; the fellowship will be performed at KTH in Stockholm, under the supervision of Prof. M. Hakkarainen, who has acknowledged expertise in the synthesis, processing and end-of-life management of bio-based, degradable and/or recyclable plastics. SUSTAINABLE requires expertise from organic chemistry, materials manufacturing and processing, materials characterization and will thereby diversify the competences of both the researcher and the Host Group. This action prepares the fellow for the achievement of a more permanent position by endowing her with crucial opportunities to gain new scientific competences and improving her transversal skills.