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Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales

19 Projects, page 1 of 4
  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-21-COVR-0008
    Funder Contribution: 72,420.3 EUR
    Partners: Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales

    The project called ReSOTON aims to understand the role of collective regulations in COVID-19 crisis cells coordinated by the hospital on changes in the activity of the healthcare system stakeholders. The 5 actors identified, who had significant changes in their activity, are general doctors, hospital pharmacy, mortuary rooms, nurcing homes and private clinics. The organizational resilience is defined as individual and collective regulations to reorganize work: adaptation in the face of variability, re-elaboration of rules, development of individual and collective know-how, construction of professional sense, preservation of health. The research feasibility is that field data has already been collected: ergonomic observation of 34 CHUGA crisis cells and 34 territorial cells since March 2020, 27 individual interviews with local key actors, 3 REX (pharmacy, mortuary room), 10 observations and interviews of general doctors, 3 months of observation and 20 individual interviews of a nursing home. Data continues to be collected during the 3rd pandemic step. This material will be analyzed in double levels: 1/ the differences between the decisions taken in the crisis cells, perceived as resilient by the actors involved, and the permanent adaptations in the field, experienced as intensification and sometimes injunctions; 2/ the regulations at the local level make it possible to have got rooms of maneuver favoring the action possibilities on work situations for the professionals. Three scientific problems have been identified to report on organizational resilience: 1/ The resilience of the healthcare system depends on the collective ability to adapt, the re-organizations, the coordination between actors and services, and local networking with different institutional actors; 2/ The crisis collective management depends on the link between regulated safety and managed safety and the possible room for maneuver; 3/ The individual and organizational learning phenomena creates and makes the collective organization to support the capacity to adapt The project divided into 4 WPs over 12 months: WP1: Collective activity analysis in crisis cells: study of communications using Actograph software to report on cooperation and collective decisions making; WP2: Individual and collective activity analysis of the actors in crisis management: 50 individual interviews with key actors using the N-Vivo software and feedback (abbreviated to “REX” in French) from the 5 identified target actors (3 collective interviews) which will be the subject of a monograph, story to manage COVID crisis; WP3: Confrontation between the local regulations analysis and the individual activity of the actors to formalize recommendations on the collective organizational resilience conditions. Feedback to local and decision-making actors and scientific seminars will be organized; WP4: Production of scientific knowledge, valorization and deliverables: 2 papers, 1 workshop and 2 national and international congress. The consortium comprises Sandrine Caroly (Professor of ergonomics at the PACTE laboratory) and Vincent Bonneterre (university professor and hospital practitioner and occupational doctor at the CHUGA, TIMCE), who are used to working together and can call on their scientific network for input. A senior phd student recruitment will be to support the data analysis (WP1, WP2) and the disseminate. The project impact is to continue improvement the local health network, hospital organization and the healthcare quality, by producing regulations analysis and individual and collective activity transformations take into account.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-19-CE22-0002
    Funder Contribution: 235,094 EUR
    Partners: Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales

    "he challenge of sustainable cities in innovative, integrative and adaptive societies is nowadays driven by reflections and policies promoting users/inhabitants-friendly environments. Among these users, ""older people"" are increasingly recognized in international discourses and their potential voice is meant to contribute to the participatory governance of “age-friendly cities and communities” (AFCC). The Citizenbench project suggests focusing on the place of older people in the City through an interest for “public benches”. Indeed, those benches can be considered as flagships for presenting local forms of governance that might be organized through perspectives such as AFCC. However, benches are also a support to assess the conditions for older people to going out, walking and being part of public space as full citizens. Assuming the reciprocal Global South/North relation trough an international comparison, the project is based on four diversified case studies of metropolis, two of them being involved in an AFCC model (Manchester, Grenoble), two of the being not involved (Dakar, Chambéry). The originality of this research project concerns not only the exploration of a little known area in social sciences through discipline crossings (sociology, geography, urban planning, and health sciences). It also refers to a large empirically structured “participatory research” mixing qualitative (« Gulliver maps »; « commented walkings »; 80/100 qualitative interviews) and quantitative methodologies (harvest and treatment of geolocalised data; harvest and treatment of mobile gait data through GPS). The analysis of these combined materials will offer us: 1) a better understanding of governance (or absence of) of public space by a diversity of players, at a diversity of levels (from the globalised Word Health Organization through its AFCC methodology, to local and neighboorhood stakeholders) (H1 :political economy of public benches) ; 2) a better understanding of the social construction of power relations, inequalities and social justice in public space, taking i.e. the effects of gender, generation and cultures (H2 : practices and appropriations of public benches). These two perspectives join together for improving our knowledge of experimenting ageing through public space in a time of globalised age-friendly governance."

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-20-CE22-0006
    Funder Contribution: 390,882 EUR
    Partners: Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales, Ambiances Architectures Urbanités

    The goal of this project is to test the various sensitive paradigms focused on the contemporary experiences and transformations of inhabited environments regarding the issue of Anthropocene (approaches in terms of ambiance, landscape, environmental aesthetics, milieu, atmosphere, éco-somatic, urban poetic). What about the heuristic power and operational potential of such approaches in terms of socio-ecological issues? We hypothesize that the question of sensitivity is particularly relevant for thinking about current and future changes in our living environments. From this point of view, sensitivity is not a simple passive reception but rather a power of intensification and transformation of our relation to the world. One of the advantages of sensitive approaches is to bring the question of the Anthropocene to the level of everyday situations, to bring it to life on a daily basis and to embed it in our most ordinary practices, gestures and experiences. Three axes will structure the research: 1) a reasoned collective mapping of sensitive approaches with regard to socio-ecological issues. We will clarify this field of research and action by highlighting the filiations, the positions and the overlaps of each tradition of thought; 2) research seminars which update and debate the respective contribution of each approach. We will reveal the resources of sensitive approaches by discussing a set of riddles to explore and to articulate with specific projects (cf. axe 3); 3) an experimental and filmic test, on the Grenoble site, of the operational potential of the various approaches studied. We will rely on five concrete and situated projects to test and put multi-partner collaborations to work. This research will be based on close collaboration between the UMR AAU-Cresson team and the UMR PACTE-Environment team. It will be an opportunity to activate and strongly mobilize the French and international partners present within our networks (in particular the International Ambiances Network and the research group on environmental humanities). This project aims to contribute to a fundamental questioning on the transformations of the attention paid to current changes in living environments. Our purpose is to test the way in which urban societies can participate in raising awareness and empowering residents and public authorities with regard to sustainable development. The purpose is to highlight the urban conditions for adapting to future changes and to question the socio-ecological transition in innovative terms, based on a sensitive approach.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-21-FRAL-0003
    Funder Contribution: 573,789 EUR
    Partners: Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales, Goethe Universität Frankfurt/M

    Theories, concepts and empirical data can travel between different linguistic and societal spheres. How theories of space enrich ageing and how, in turn, the analyses of the space of ageing can contribute to the questions of general sociology, has been approached from different angles in France and in Germany in the past. The SPAGE project proposes 1) a systematic theoretical comparison of the interplay between age, space, and social exclusion in France and Germany, resulting in a comprehensive theoretical framework. 2) We will then empirically test the framework for potential societal differences and similarities between the two countries, aiming to use their synergy effect in order 3) to create a sustainable research network based on new theoretical approaches and epistemological pathways between Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (through the impulse of the Research Group ‘Doing Transitions’ and the Working Group ‘Interdisciplinary Ageing Research’) and the Université de Grenoble Alpes (through the laboratory of social sciences PACTE where thematic of ageing in public space is developing through ongoing/emerging ANR JCJC projects). Related to the three objectives, the project plan is divided into three work packages. In the first work package, we start a French-German conceptual dialogue aimed at facilitating the exchange of theories, concepts and epistemological pathways used in French and German research on age, space, and social exclusion. On that basis, and facilitated through four “Conceptual workshops” in both countries, we formulate a joint framework. In the second work package, a systematic empirical comparison of the interplay between age, space, and social exclusion in France and Germany leads to a specification of the framework. This second objective is twofold: as a first step, we will compare ongoing research carried out in the respective research groups/countries in both countries (“Data analysis workshops”). Exploiting the potential similarities/differences between the countries, comparative workshops are organized with German and French older participants in the partner’s country to explore how similarities/differences observed in German and French research are experienced (or not) by older adults themselves (“Bridging workshops”). Third, SPAGE wants to challenge the dominant representations of age, such as “age-friendliness”, “active ageing” or “healthy ageing”. By creating a research network on age, space and exclusion through the link between the original research team of both principal investigators, SPAGE would bring forward the multiplicity of age-diversity and age practices (handicapped elderly people/fragile age/age and gender/age and lifespan/ migratory experiences) in the production of space.

  • Funder: ANR Project Code: ANR-20-CE93-0009
    Funder Contribution: 289,477 EUR
    Partners: University of Lausanne, Pacte - Laboratoire de Sciences sociales

    "Mountain huts as observatories of the tourism transition The repositioning of less-developed mountain areas and their related professions in the French-Swiss Alps The project is consistent with a context of strong adaptive injunction of mountain tourism destinations in the face of the cumulative effects of climate and societal changes. Though winter sports resorts also have to adjust to a diversification imperative, we have chosen the blind spot of the ""off-resort"" as our field of research. What is at stake is a transition trajectory based on a territorial rebalancing between ""less-developed mountain areas"" and ""developed mountain areas"", which appears particularly strategic on the scale of the Swiss and French Alps. Faced with a major knowledge deficit on the governance and visitor flows of ""less-developed"" mountain areas, mountain huts and the related professions (hut keepers, mountain guides, mountain leaders) are privileged markers, both in terms of infrastructure (huts) and culture (professions). Mountain huts play a nodal role in the tourist flows of less-developed mountain areas, while the creative capacity of the professional activities of accommodation and guiding that they generate is stimulated by the effects of uncertainty and crisis. The objectives of the project are based on research needs identified by two previous programs: ""Les refuges comme observatoires de la transition récréative en montagne"" (seed funding UNIL-ICMR) in Switzerland and ""Refuges sentinelles"" (Pacte-LABEX ITEM-CDP Trajectories IDEX) in France. These objectives question the practices and dynamics observable at the level of mountain huts and the related professions as resources for tourism transition, based on 3 workpackages: 1) the implementation of an observation system appropriate to the spatiotemporal dispersion of tourist flows in less-developed mountain areas; 2) the transformation of the professional cultures of mountain jobs; 3) the structuring role of mountain huts in the governance of less-developed mountain areas and in the diversification of tourism. The proposed approach will be deployed in a transversal way on sites located both in France and in Switzerland. The methodological orientations retained will give a pivotal role to the partnerships developed in a collaborative logic with operators and players on the ground. Already engaged beforehand in the elaboration of the objectives, questions and methods of the project, this approach will be conducted at all stages of the research. In order to cross-reference sources and types of data appropriate to the strong socio-geographical specificities of the subject and of the study areas, the methods implemented will be based on measurement and observation protocols combining a plurality of techniques: questionnaire surveys, interviews, experimental devices for collecting tourist flows data, focus groups, creative workshops. The selected sites (n=20) will be part of diversified and complementary territorial configurations, by reasoning in terms of ""basins"" presenting a functional network of mountain huts, and by considering their relations with nearby urbanised tourist centres. The expected results are of a conceptual and methodological nature, and are at the interface between the geography of tourism and the interdisciplinary field of transition studies: by relying on the conceptualization of centrifugal geotourism forms still designated by default as ""less-developed mountain areas"", they will help demonstrate how the social and organizational niche innovations observed in mountain huts and the related professions makes up a resource that can be mobilized in the reorientation of the development model implemented in the Alps. On an operational level, they are intended to be used in the fields of visitor flows observation, initial and continuing training, tourism engineering, tourism policies and governance, in partnership with all field players involved in the project."