• shareshare
  • link
  • cite
  • add
auto_awesome_motion View all 2 versions
Publication . Article . 2014

What’s in an EEM? Molecular Signatures Associated with Dissolved Organic Fluorescence in Boreal Canada

Aron Stubbins; Jean-François Lapierre; Martin Berggren; Yves T. Prairie; Thorsten Dittmar; P. A. del Giorgio;
Published: 03 Sep 2014 Journal: Environmental Science & Technology, volume 48, pages 10,598-10,606 (issn: 0013-936X, eissn: 1520-5851, Copyright policy )
Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a master variable in aquatic systems. Modern fluorescence techniques couple measurements of excitation emission matrix (EEM) spectra and parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) to determine fluorescent DOM (FDOM) components and DOM quality. However, the molecular signatures associated with PARAFAC components are poorly defined. In the current study we characterized river water samples from boreal Québec, Canada, using EEM/PARAFAC analysis and ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS). Spearman's correlation of FTICR-MS peak and PARAFAC component relative intensities determined the molecular families associated with 6 PARAFAC components. Molecular families associated with PARAFAC components numbered from 39 to 572 FTICR-MS derived elemental formulas. Detailed molecular properties for each of the classical humic- and protein-like FDOM components are presented. FTICR-MS formulas assigned to PARAFAC components represented 39% of the total number of formulas identified and 59% of total FTICR-MS peak intensities, and included significant numbers compounds that are highly unlikely to fluoresce. Thus, fluorescence measurements offer insight into the biogeochemical cycling of a large proportion of the DOM pool, including a broad suite of unseen molecules that apparently follow the same gradients as FDOM in the environment.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Chemistry Environmental chemistry Fluorescence Boreal Ultrahigh resolution River water Mass spectrometry Dissolved organic carbon Excitation emission matrix Analytical chemistry Biogeochemical cycle


Environmental Chemistry, General Chemistry, Environmental Monitoring, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Fluorescence, Fourier Analysis, Humic Substances, Mass Spectrometry, Quebec, Rivers, Solid Phase Extraction, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, Water Pollutants, Chemical

Funded by
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Related to Research communities
Download fromView all 2 sources