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Parenteral immunization with a cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate (cGAMP) adjuvanted Helicobacter pylori vaccine induces protective immunity against H. pylori infection in mice

Authors: Chen, Jing; Zhong, Youxiu; Liu, Yu; Tang, Chongfa; Zhang, Yanbin; Wei, Bo; Chen, Wangxue; +1 Authors

Parenteral immunization with a cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate (cGAMP) adjuvanted Helicobacter pylori vaccine induces protective immunity against H. pylori infection in mice

Abstract

Under the trend of antibiotic resistance of H. pylori leading to the decrease of eradication rate, the development of a vaccine is the best choice to fight against H. pylori. In this study, we attempted to reduce the amounts of required antigens by using three different parenteral routes of immunization and an adjuvant cGAMP (cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate) to enhance the immunogenicity of the vaccine candidate. The immune protection and post-challenge immune responses were assessed and compared in mice immunized with recombinant Helicobacter pylori urease A, urease B, and neutrophil-activating protein adjuvanted with cGAMP. The gastric mucosal colonization by H. pylori was significantly reduced in mice immunized by intranasal and, to a less degree, subcutaneous route, but not by intramuscular route. All immunized mice, regardless of the route of immunization, displayed significant, but comparable, increases in antigen-specific serum IgG and mucosal IgA responses 5 weeks post-challenge. The magnitude of the vaccine-induced protection appeared to be associated with the level of antigen-specific Th1 and particularly Th17 responses, as IL-17 responses were only detected in intranasally immunized mice. Taken together, we explored and confirmed the possibility of using a novel adjuvant (cGAMP) to induce significant protective immunity with 10% of oral vaccine antigen dosage through parenteral immunization, especially intranasal immunization. This may provide an alternative approach to oral immunization for the development of effective H. pylori vaccines.

Country
Canada
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Protective immunity Microbiology chemistry.chemical_compound Cyclic guanosine monophosphate–adenosine monophosphate Antibiotic resistance Gastric mucosa medicine biology business.industry Helicobacter pylori H pylori infection biology.organism_classification medicine.anatomical_structure Immunization chemistry business

Keywords

Immunology, Immunology and Allergy, gastric mucosa, Pharmacology, Helicobacter pylori, CGAMP, parenteral immunization, post-challenge immune responses

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    impulse
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    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    13
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
13
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
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