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Publication . Conference object . 2020

RAM-Net: A Residual Attention MobileNet to Detect COVID-19 Cases from Chest X-Ray Images

Aminur Rab Ratul; Maryam Tavakol Elahi; Kun Yuan; Won-Sook Lee;
Open Access
Published: 01 Dec 2020
Publisher: IEEE

In the last century, we have passed two severe pandemics; the 1957 influenza (Asian flu) pandemic and the 1918 influenza (Spanish flu) pandemic with a high fatality rate. In the last few months, we have been again facing a new epidemic (COVID-19), which is a frighteningly high-risk disease and is globally threatening human lives. Among all attempts and presented solutions to tackle the COVID-19, a publicly available dataset of radiological imaging using chest radiography, also called chest X-ray (CXR) images, could efficiently accelerate the detection process of patients infected with COVID-19 through presented abnormalities in their chest radiography images. In this study, we have proposed a deep neural network (DNN), namely RAM-Net, a new combination of MobileNet with Dilated Depthwise Separable Convolution (DDSC), Residual blocks, and Attention augmented convolution. The network has been learned and validated using the COVIDx dataset, one of the most popular public datasets comprising the chest X-ray (CXR) images. Using this model, we could accurately identify the positive cases of COVID-19 viral infection while a new suspicious chest X-ray image is shown to the network. Our network’s overall accuracy on the COVIDx test dataset was 95.33%, with a sensitivity and precision of 92% and 99% for COVID-19 cases, respectively, which are the highest results on the COVIDx dataset to date, to the best of our knowledge. Finally, we performed an audit on RAM-Net based on the Grad-CAM’s interpretation to demonstrate that our proposed architecture detects SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) viral infection by focusing on vital factors rather than relying on irrelevant information.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Computer science business.industry Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Radiography Pandemic Case fatality rate X ray image Pattern recognition Artificial intelligence Residual business

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