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Publication . Article . 2021

Multilane Microscopic Modeling to Measure Mobility and Safety Consequences of Mixed Traffic in Freeway Weaving Sections

Mudasser Seraj; Tony Z. Qiu;
Open Access
Published: 14 Jul 2021 Journal: Journal of Advanced Transportation, volume 2,021, pages 1-21 (issn: 0197-6729, eissn: 2042-3195, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Hindawi Limited

Weaving sections are components of highway networks that introduce a heightened likelihood for bottlenecks and collisions. Automated vehicle technology could address this as it holds considerable promise for transportation mobility and safety improvements. However, the implications of combining automated vehicles (AuVs) with traditional human-driven vehicles (HuVs) in weaving freeway sections have not been quantitatively measured. To address this gap, this paper objectively experimented with bidirectional (i.e., longitudinal and lateral) motion dynamics in a microscopic modeling framework to measure the mobility and safety implications for mixed traffic movement in a freeway weaving section. Our research begins by establishing a multilane microscopic model for studied vehicle types (i.e., AuV and HuV) from model predictive control with the provision to form a CACC platoon of AuV vehicles. The proposed modeling framework was tested first with HuV only on a two-lane weaving section and validated using standardized macroscopic parameters from the Highway Capacity Manual. This model was then applied to incrementally expand the AuV share for varying inflow rates of traffic. Simulation results showed that the maximum flow rate through the weaving section was attained at a 65% AuV share. At the same time, steadiness in the average speed of traffic was experienced with increasing AuV share. The results also revealed that a 95% AuV share could reduce potential conflicts by 94.28%. Finally, the results of simulated scenarios were consolidated and scaled to report expected mobility and safety outcomes from the prevailing traffic state and the optimal AuV share for the current inflow rate in weaving sections.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Simulation Computer science Inflow Model predictive control Measure (data warehouse) Highway Capacity Manual Inflow rate Weaving Platoon Maximum flow rate


Strategy and Management, Computer Science Applications, Mechanical Engineering, Economics and Econometrics, Automotive Engineering, Article Subject, Transportation engineering, TA1001-1280, Transportation and communications, HE1-9990

Funded by
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Related to Research communities
Social Science and Humanities