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Publication . Article . 2017

[Perceptions regarding pharmacotherapy and effective treatment disease in people diagnosed with bipolar disorder].

A Ηatzioannou; Maria Karanikola; E Papathanasoglou; Aik Kaikoushi; Maria Nystazaki; Giorgos Alevizopoulos;
Open Access
Greek, Modern (1453-)
Published: 31 Dec 2017 Journal: Psychiatrike = Psychiatriki, volume 28, issue 4 (issn: 1105-2333, Copyright policy )

Bipolar disorder (BD) encompasses neuro-cognitive disturbances leading to psychological and social consequences affecting the quality of life of those suffering from it. However, the number of studies on the lived experience of people with BD about the treatment provided is relatively scant. The aim of this study is to investigate the lived experience of people with BD, focused on their perceptions and meanings about the treatment provided for their disorder. A qualitative, phenomenological design was applied. Following informed consent, thirteen people agreed to participate in the study, according to purposeful sampling and thematic saturation. Data collection was achieved through individual, semistructural interviews with open-ended questions, of a 30 minutes to an hour. The rigor of the analysis was validated according to Munhall's and van Manen's criteria. With regard to the main themes emerged, those revolved mainly around the social stigmatization following psychotropic medication. Further, the participants described anguish, fear and insecurity about the winding road nature of the disease, a condition that seemed to be worsened mainly due to discontinuation of medication, or alterations of the therapeutic schema. Interestingly, some of the participants described medication as a nutrient ingredient that kept them alive, thus revealing the importance they attached to psychotropic medication. Participants highlighted the importance of psychotropic medication, along with psychotherapy and personal effort, as well as education on topics related to psychopathology and treatment interventions for BD. Control over the clinical outcome of the disorder and self-management of the symptoms seem to be the ultimate need of people suffering from BD, with a core association to the effective medication and psycho-education. Based on that, interventions aiming to patients' education in self-management skills are suggested. Furthermore, interventions towards the sensitization of the community on the biological aspects of mental disorders are proposed, tackling issues as stigma and medication concerns.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: medicine.medical_specialty Psychological intervention Disease medicine.disease Discontinuation Pharmacotherapy Informed consent Schema (psychology) medicine Bipolar disorder Psychiatry Psychology Psychopathology


Adult, Bipolar Disorder, General Medicine, Middle Aged, Psychotherapy, Treatment Outcome, Humans, Female

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