publication . Preprint . 2018

A comparison of acute toxicity methodologies for Bombus spp.

Kayla Mundy; Nigel E. Raine;
Open Access English
  • Published: 18 Dec 2018
  • Publisher: PeerJ
Acute toxicity testing (lethal dose and lethal concentration for 50% of the population; LD50 and LC50) is a required component of the first level of pesticide risk assessment. A review of peer-reviewed and ECOTOX database toxicity values was conducted to assess methodology and toxicity value consistency. Bumble bee LD50 and LC50 tests varied in five key areas: test subject, active ingredient specifications, test solution specifications, test conditions, test procedure. Only recently has a consistent methodology for bumble bee LD50 tests been released, but differs substantially from previous methods. Study methodologies have varied in at least one component and c...
Persistent Identifiers
free text keywords: Zoology, Acute toxicity, Bombus <genus>, Risk assessment, Biology
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