publication . Article . Other literature type . 2018

Food Consumption, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Salt in Urban Areas in Five Sub-Saharan African Countries

Magali Leyvraz; Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda; Dismand Houinato; Naby Balde; Albertino Damasceno; Bharathi Viswanathan; Mary Amyunzu-Nyamongo; J.O. Owuor; Arnaud Chiolero; Pascal Bovet;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Aug 2018 Journal: Nutrients, volume 10, issue 8 (issn: 2072-6643, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract
International audience; High salt intake is a major risk factor of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Improving knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to salt intake in the general population is a key component of salt reduction strategies. The objective of this study was to describe and compare the KAP of adults related to salt in urban areas of five countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The survey included 588 participants aged 25 to 65 years who were selected using convenience samples in the urban areas of Benin, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, and Seychelles. Socio-demographic and food consumption were assessed using a structured closed-ended question...
Subjects
Sustainable Development Goals: 2. Zero hunger11. Sustainability
Fields of Science and Technology classification: 03 medical and health sciences0302 clinical medicine030212 general & internal medicine030204 cardiovascular system & hematology
free text keywords: salt, sodium, hypertension, knowledge, attitudes, practices, diet, Africa, Benin, Guinea, Mozambique, Kenya, Seychelles, MESH: Adult, MESH: Africa South of the Sahara, MESH: Female, MESH: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, MESH: Humans, MESH: Hypertension, MESH: Male, MESH: Middle Aged, MESH: Nutritive Value, MESH: Protective Factors, MESH: Recommended Dietary Allowances, MESH: Risk Factors, MESH: African Continental Ancestry Group, MESH: Risk Reduction Behavior, MESH: Sodium Chloride, Dietary, MESH: Urban Population, MESH: Aged, MESH: Cooking, MESH: Cross-Sectional Studies, MESH: Diet Surveys, MESH: Eating, MESH: Fast Foods, MESH: Feeding Behavior, [SDV.SPEE]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Santé publique et épidémiologie, Food Science, Nutrition and Dietetics, Article, 610 Medicine & health, 360 Social problems & social services, 610 Medicine & health, 360 Social problems & social services, Adult; Africa South of the Sahara/epidemiology; African Continental Ancestry Group/psychology; Aged; Cooking; Cross-Sectional Studies; Diet Surveys; Eating/ethnology; Eating/psychology; Fast Foods/adverse effects; Feeding Behavior/ethnology; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ethnology; Humans; Hypertension/diagnosis; Hypertension/ethnology; Hypertension/prevention & control; Male; Middle Aged; Nutritive Value; Protective Factors; Recommended Dietary Allowances; Risk Factors; Risk Reduction Behavior; Sodium Chloride, Dietary/administration & dosage; Sodium Chloride, Dietary/adverse effects; Urban Population; Africa; Benin; Guinea; Kenya; Mozambique; Seychelles; attitudes; diet; hypertension; knowledge; practices; salt; sodium, lcsh:Nutrition. Foods and food supply, lcsh:TX341-641, Cross-sectional study, Food processing, business.industry, business, Geography, Environmental health, Processed meat, Food consumption, Sub saharan, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Salt intake, Diet Surveys
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